Occlusion - Final

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  1. Edward Angle in 1899 was Orthodontist and the first to describe the occlusal relationships of the teeth.
  2. balanced occlusion.
    • bilateral and balancing tooth contacts during all lateral and protrusive movements.
    • primarily for stabilizing complete dentures
    • later carried over into the field of fixed prosthodontics
  3. unilateral eccentric contact
    • developed for natural dentition
    • laterotrusive contacts (working contacts) and protrusive contacts should occur only on the anterior teeth.
    • during this time gnathology was first used
    • considered the ideal occlusal scheme by Gnatholgists
  4. gnathology
    • the science of mandibular movement and resultant occlusal contacts.
    • consider unilateral eccentric contact the ideal, any other occlusal scheme malocclusion and to be corrected.
  5. dynamic individual occlusion
    focus around the health and function of the masticatory system, not any specific occlusal configuration.
  6. CRITERIA FOR THE OPTIMUM FUNCTIONAL OCCLUSION
    TMJs and teeth achieve the stable orthopedic position which will prevent, minimize, or eliminate any breakdown or trauma.
  7. When the elevator muscles function, the mandible is raised and force is applied to ____________.
    the two temporomandibular joints (TMJs) and the teeth
  8. centric relation (CR)
    generally considered to designate the position of the mandible when the condyles are in an orthopedically stable position
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Occlusion - Final
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Occlusion - Final
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