Chapter 14 social studies

  1. What were the articles of confederation?
    A document that set up the nations first central government.
  2. What was Shay's Rebellion?
    Daniel Shays and hundreds of other men took part in an armed revolt which became known as Shay's Rebellion.  And the government was too weak.
  3. Why did the delegates need to write a constitution to replace the Articles of Confederation?
    The government was to weak.  And the Articles of Confederation could not put down a rebellion.
  4. What was the main responsibility of the legislative branch?
    Making the laws?
  5. What was the main responsibility of the executive branch?
    Carrying out the laws.
  6. What was the main responsibility of the judicial branch?
    Interpreting the laws.
  7. Rejecting laws that are unconstitutional
    Judicial branch
  8. If the president vetoes a bill, congress can overrule the veto.  It needs a two-thirds majority to do this.
    Legislative branch
  9. The president must sign or veto all bills passed by congress.
    Executive branch
  10. Congress can write bills, or proposals for new laws.
    Legislative branch
  11. Can reject treaties that are unconstitutional.
    Judicial branch
  12. Two thirds of the Senate must approve any treaty between the United States and another country.
    Legislative branch
  13. The president can sign treaties with other nations.
    Executive branch
  14. Congress can declare war.
    Legislative branch
  15. The president is commander in chief of the nations armed forces.
    Executive branch
  16. The senate must approve the president's choices for Supreme Court justices and certain other key jobs.
    legislative branch
  17. The president can nominate Supreme Court justices and other important officials.
    Executive branch
  18. The House of Representatives can impeach government officials, including the president and federal judges.
    Legislative branch
  19. The Chief Justice acts as the judge during an impeachment trial in the senate.
    Judicial branch
  20. The president can use the state of Union speech to suggest ideas for new laws.
    Executive branch
  21. The federal courts can settle disagreements about what a law means.
    Judicial branch
  22. The president can grant to people guilty of federal crimes.
    Executive branch
  23. The president can call congress together for a special session.
    Executive branch
  24. Explain the importance of checks and balances in government.
    Checks and balances are important because that way all of the branches are equal.
  25. What does compromise mean?
    An agreement in which each side gives up some of what it wants.
  26. What does constitution mean?
    A document that describes how a government will work.
  27. What does impeach mean?
    To accuse or change a government official such as the president with a crime or misconduct.
  28. What does cabinet mean?
    A group of advisors to the president including the heads of import departments in the executive branch.
  29. What does veto mean?
    to reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law or a power that belongs only to the president .
  30. What does rule of law mean?
    A set of public laws that apply to all people equally, with no one getting, special treatment.
  31. What does republic mean?
    A form of government in which citizens elect representatives, who are, responsible to the people.
Card Set
Chapter 14 social studies
The constitution