Chapter 14 social studies
What were the articles of confederation?
A document that set up the nations first central government.
What was Shay's Rebellion?
Daniel Shays and hundreds of other men took part in an armed revolt which became known as Shay's Rebellion. And the government was too weak.
Why did the delegates need to write a constitution to replace the Articles of Confederation?
The government was to weak. And the Articles of Confederation could not put down a rebellion.
What was the main responsibility of the legislative branch?
Making the laws?
What was the main responsibility of the executive branch?
Carrying out the laws.
What was the main responsibility of the judicial branch?
Interpreting the laws.
Rejecting laws that are unconstitutional
If the president vetoes a bill, congress can overrule the veto. It needs a two-thirds majority to do this.
The president must sign or veto all bills passed by congress.
Congress can write bills, or proposals for new laws.
Can reject treaties that are unconstitutional.
Two thirds of the Senate must approve any treaty between the United States and another country.
The president can sign treaties with other nations.
Congress can declare war.
The president is commander in chief of the nations armed forces.
The senate must approve the president's choices for Supreme Court justices and certain other key jobs.
The president can nominate Supreme Court justices and other important officials.
The House of Representatives can impeach government officials, including the president and federal judges.
The Chief Justice acts as the judge during an impeachment trial in the senate.
The president can use the state of Union speech to suggest ideas for new laws.
The federal courts can settle disagreements about what a law means.
The president can grant to people guilty of federal crimes.
The president can call congress together for a special session.
Explain the importance of checks and balances in government.
Checks and balances are important because that way all of the branches are equal.
What does compromise mean?
An agreement in which each side gives up some of what it wants.
What does constitution mean?
A document that describes how a government will work.
What does impeach mean?
To accuse or change a government official such as the president with a crime or misconduct.
What does cabinet mean?
A group of advisors to the president including the heads of import departments in the executive branch.
What does veto mean?
to reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law or a power that belongs only to the president .
What does rule of law mean?
A set of public laws that apply to all people equally, with no one getting, special treatment.
What does republic mean?
A form of government in which citizens elect representatives, who are, responsible to the people.
Chapter 14 social studies