AAC Midterm

  1. What is communication?
    • The transmission of meaning from one individual to another
    • Exchange of messages, info, or ideas
    • Intentional or Unintentional 
    • Conventional or Unconventional signals 
    • Linguistic or Non-linguistic forms 
    • Used by all humans and animals
  2. Non-speech Communication
    • Facial expressions
    • Gestures 
    • Written lang 
    • Sign
    • Picture

    Used by infants, children, adults, and animals
  3. AAC
    • Augmentative and Alternative Communication
    • A system of multiple modes or components for communication using symbols, aids, and techniques
  4. Augmentative Communication
    • An addition to natural speech and/or handwriting 
    • Used by people who cannot communicate optimally through speech
  5. Alternative Communication
    A substitute for natural speech and/or handwriting
  6. AAC System
    Integrated network of symbols, aids, skills, and strategies that a person uses to communicate
  7. Dedicated Communication Device
    An assistive communication device that has be specifically designed for communication
  8. Voice Output Communication Aid (VOCA)
    An assistive communication device that features electronically produced voice or speech
  9. Speech Generating Device
    New medicare term for AAC tech
  10. Aided Communication
    • Involves the use of any aid external to the body 
    • can't take it in the shower with you
    • This is assistive technology
  11. Unaided Communication
    • Involves use of the body only
    • May be unconventional; hitting, screaming, etc.
  12. Assistive Technology
    • Any tech used to enable people to perform tasks that are difficult to impossible due to disabilities 
    • ex) wheelchairs, crutches, VOCA
  13. Concerns of AAC
    • Expense
    • **doesn't always have to be, funding available 
    • User won't develop speech 
    • **does not inhibit speech, may facilitate development
  14. AAC Facilitates Speech
    • Builds communication circles 
    • Increases communication success 
    • Reduce frustration 
    • Elicit caregiver response 
    • Increase control 
    • Makes Lang visible
  15. Goal of AAC
    Enable individual to efficiently and effectively engage in a variety of communication interactions
  16. Purpose of Communication Interactions
    • Communicate needs/wants
    • Transfer info (tell people what happened)
    • Social Closeness (joke, sympathy, feelings, etc)
    • Social etiquette (greetings, manners)
  17. 3 Factors of Display Set-Up
    • Number of items: think of cognitive ability 
    • Size of symbols: think of vision and motor skills 
    • Spacing and arrangement: think of ease of access of board and symbols, try to support literacy
  18. Fixed Displays
    • Cannot be moved
    • Limited Space
    • Multitude of displays
  19. Dynamic Displays
    • a) uses computer screens and folders open new boards
    • b) tells user what is available 
    • activates what could go with what you chose 
    • ex) 1st person pronouns →I →am were
    • **only things that make sense in the sequence will be available for selection
  20. Direct Selection
    • Touch
    • Grasp
    • Type
  21. Scanning
    • Facilitator or device reads through all possible choices and the AAC user indicates which one they want; eyeblink, vocalization, etc. 
    • Circle
    • Linear
    • Group (eventually goes to linear)
  22. Synthesized Speech
    • 1980s
    • Stored digital data
    • Text to Speech 
    • ex) Steven Hawking
  23. Digitized Speech
    • Natural speech recorded, stored, and replayed 
    • **make sure it fits the user. No grown man voice for a child
  24. Precommunication Skills
    Skills of communication prior to using words with intent
  25. 3 Goals of Assessment
    • Document communication needs
    • Determine # of needs met through current communication techniques 
    • Reduce # of unmet communication need through AAC intervention
  26. Assessment Phase I
    • Initial Assessment for Today 
    • Assess physical, cognitive, lang, and sensory abilities and needs 
    • goal: gather info to develop an intervention to meet the needs
  27. Assessment Phase II
    • Detailed Assessment for Tomorrow
    • Determine needs across environment, including future participation 
    • goal: create communication system that can be used in multiple environments
  28. Assessment Phase III
    • Follow-Up Assessment
    • goal: maintain AAC system to meet the changing needs and capabilities of the user
  29. When to Conduct an Assessment
    • Speech and Lang is not developing at a typical rate 
    • Lang is not meeting communication needs
  30. Assessment Tools
    • Standardized Tests
    • Interviews
    • Observations 
    • Diagnostic Intervention
  31. Policy Barrier
    • **Imposed by other people that are not the AAC user 
    • Govern the agency where the user participates
  32. Segregation Policies
    • **Imposed by other people that are not the AAC user 
    • Seperate students with disabilities from peers 
    • **illegal in US to ban students with disabilities from reg ED classrooms
  33. Limited Use Policies
    • **Imposed by other people that are not the AAC user 
    • School limit the use of system because it was purchased by them with limited funds
  34. Knowledge Barriers
    Person assisting the AAC user doesn't know/understand how to use the system
Card Set
AAC Midterm
AAC Midterm