1. What do communists and fascists have in common?
    Hatred of the bourgeoisie
  2. What were the bourgeois supposed to carry on and did they do it?
    The ideals of the French revolution, equality, liberty, brotherhood, and prosperity for all. They failed and everybody hates them for that, they became the new self-interested establishment.
  3. What are the 3 reasons communism is superior to fascism?
    Universalism, liberal values are still honored and are the goal to reach, Marx as founder
  4. What is the paradox of modern liberal democracy
    The bourgeois know their critics are right and this self-doubt shapes modern democracy into a regime with the infinite capacity to produce offspring who detest the social and political regime into which they are born, hating it even though they have known no other. They ceased to represent liberty and became authoritarian.
  5. What is enlightenment?
    Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity.
  6. How is political change supposed to happen for Kant?
    Keep protesting in public capacity, maybe one day they'll hear you, maybe you'll change the discourse
  7. What is Nechaev's goal?
    Revolution, complete destruction of the current order.
  8. What is the revolutionary like?
    Has no social ties and must give himself up completely to the cause.
  9. What will happen after the revolution?
    We refuse to impose any new organization from above. Any future organization is a matter for future generations to decide.
  10. Who are the bourgeois?
    Class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production, and employers of wage labor
  11. What must the working class do to achieve a communist revolution?
    To develop class consciousness and become proletarians.
  12. Why does Marx accuse the Young Hegelians of false ideology?
    Because they have turned their ideology into a reality for everyone which is fake, because actually, the interests of one specific class is what informed their ideology. They are perpetuating values which are not based on ideas which existed before economic classes, on the contrary, they support and perpetuate values that were created by and serve class struggle.
  13. Who will start the revolution for Lenin?
    Professional revolutionaries. (Communist Party or Social-Democrats)
  14. What kind of enemy is Hitler dealing with?
    Personal enemy of the Germans- the Jews, the lesser, conniving, sneaky races.
  15. What is the goal of the state?
    To facilitate attaining a higher form of culture, to preserve and promote race.
  16. Who will join Hitler’s movement?
    Those who find the reason of their existence not in the preservation of the state.
  17. How does OBL view Americans and their allies and how does he view himself and al-Qaeda?
    Crusaders vs. Saladin
  18. How does Bin Laden legitimize his authority?
    Extremely good organizer, utilizes poetic lyricism and a variety of argumentation methods, foregoes his wealth, austere, dignified, courageous in his personal life and someone who managed to strike back at the bully of the world.
  19. What is the level of organization and nature of Al-Qaeda (the base)?
    Islamic radicals everywhere in the world, like-minded extremists, not operatives taking orders from OBL, some were trained in Afghan camps, but now there’s a whole new generation of people who were raised amidst oppression, bombs, and illegal wars.
  20. In Paradise now, what convinces Said eventually to become a suicide bomber?
    He'd rather have paradise in his head, than live in this hell. The deprivation, injustice, and violence he experiences every day in his life make him desire a paradise that may even be fake, anything as long as he doesn't experience this any more.
  21. In Triumph of the Will, what do the speeches by Hitler's associates focus on?
    On the things they have achieved (labor, industry, highways) and those they will achieve in the future, no mention of race.
  22. In the documentary Jesus Camp, why do Christian fundamentalists target children?
    They are making them their fighters “like Muslims do”, their messengers to the world.
  23. What or who is the Big Other Zizek talks about?
    The idea that we do the things we do and that we fight for someone else, for future generations, for the chosen people or the worthy people, the volksgemeinschaft that Hitler talked about, not just any group of people or for the here and now and for ourselves. That ideology tells us we should always sacrifice ourselves for a people that doesn't even exist and will probably never exist.
  24. Private vs Public
    Kant- What is Enlightenment?

    Private thinking and reasoning calls for regular thought process to complete a task

    Public thinking/reasoning calls for more activism (Enlightenment)

    This is significant because of Kant’s enlightenment proposal because he wants people to be more rational thinkers

    Because the individual is abiding to the rules of the different spheres of life, then he is also being told when to think, this can be considered a way for the state to manage enlightenment.
  25. Highly radical revolutionary
    Nechaev Catechism of a Revolutionist

    Nechaev desires a stern revolutionary group. No sympathy, weakness, or hesitation

    The revolutionist has no attachment and no name, his identity is the revolution. He is ideology walking

    Connection- they practice divine violence and ethics of ultimate ends
Card Set
poli sci