PSY 334-01 chapter 9

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  1. 1.Freud id ego superego
    (passion, want), ego (self), and superego (control id, balance for personality to function).
  2. 2.Reality Principle
    ego (self); understanding self.
  3. 3.Superego
    guilt; time to develop; control id.
  4. 4.Defense Mechanisms
    used to protect ego when ego becomes anxious.
  5. 5.Type A
    structured interview to define it; personalities that are more competitive, outgoing, ambitious, impatient and/or aggressive.
  6. 6.Social Learning Theory
    cognition; pattern of thinking is aspect of personality.
  7. 7.Expectation for Future
    Rotter believed internal sense of control (positive) and luck; chance of faith (2 groups—pos. and neg.); predict how hard you try.
  8. 8.Self-efficacy/Bandura
    personal empowerment (ex: someone with depression can have self-efficacy—hope and responsibility).
  9. 9.Trait
    relatively enduring way one individual differs from another.
  10. 10.Eysenck: one of the 1st in 1930’s to come up with trait theories; introversion and extroversion; emotionally stable and unstable; believed it was based on biology.
  11. 11.5 Factors
    NEO-PI—description; self-report.
  12. 12.Projective Rorschach
    thematic assumption; ambiguous stimuli and respond to them (story); influenced by psychoanalytic thinking; invented by Freud.
  13. 13.Rorschach
    ink blot (What does it look like? Why does it look like that? How do you feel?).
  14. 14.CAT
    Children’s Apperception Test: showing animals in different situations; conflicts, anxieties and defenses; children up to age 12.
  15. 15.Eysenck
    questionnaire measures extroversion, neuroticism (anxiety); psychoticism—pen model; factors were temperaments.
  16. 16.MMPI
    Most popular personality test; gov’t—likes test; computer score.
  17. 17.MMPI2
    2nd revision; sorted out in scales; anxieties/phobias; manic depressive; neurologic system (memory, logic, confusion); doesn’t include validity scales.
  18. 18.Validity Scales
    outright lie; cannot say (fake ability—perfect and wonderful); frequency of response (society acceptable).
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PSY 334-01 chapter 9
PSY 334-01 study guide
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