Hormones

  1. Regulatory Hormones
    • Hypothalamus
    • Control release of hormones from anterior pituitary gland
  2. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
    • Synthesized in Hypothalamus
    • Released from Posterior Pituitary gland
    • Causes kidneys to decrease urine output, thirst center to increase fluid intake.
    • High dosage = vasoconstrictor
  3. Oxytocin (OT)
    • Synthesized in Hypothalamus
    • Released from Posterior Pituitary Gland
    • Contraction of smooth muscle of uterus
    • Ejection of milk
    • Increases feelings of emotional bonding
  4. Thyroid-stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    • Anterior Pituitary Gland
    • Stimulates thyroid to release Thyroid Hormone
  5. Prolactin (PRL)
    • Anterior Pituitary Gland
    • Mammary gland growth
    • Breast milk production
    • Increase Testosterone in males
  6. Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH)
    • Anterior¬†Pituitary Gland
    • Oocyte and follicle development
    • Sperm production
  7. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
    • Anterior Pituitary Gland
    • Ovulation
    • Testosterone synthesis in testes
  8. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
    • Anterior Pituitary Gland
    • Stimulates adrenal cortex to release cortizol
  9. Growth Hormone (GH)
    Somatostatin
    • Anterior Pituitary Gland
    • Releases growth factor (IGFs) from liver to induce growth
  10. Melatonin
    • Pineal Gland
    • Circadian rhythm
    • Sexual maturation
  11. Thyroid Hormones
    • Thyroid Gland
    • Increase metabolic rate
    • Increase heat production
  12. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
    • Parathyroid Glands
    • Increases blood calcium levels
    • Stimulates osteoclasts to release bone calcium
    • Calcium reabsorption from urine
    • Calcitriol Hormone
  13. Calcitonin
    • Thyroid Gland
    • Decreases blood calcium levels
  14. Thymosin, Thymulin, Thymopoetin
    • Thymus
    • Maturation of T-lymphocytes
  15. Aldosterone
    • Adrenal Cortex
    • Regulates blood K+ and Na+ levels
  16. Cortisol
    • Adrenal Cortex
    • Stress response
    • Increase glucose
  17. Epinephrine (EPI), Norepinephrine (NE)
    • Adrenal Medulla
    • Prolong effects of the Sympathetic Nervous System
  18. Insulin
    • Pancreas
    • Decreases blood glucose levels
  19. Glucagon
    • Pancreas
    • Increases blood glucose levels
  20. Testosterone
    • Testes
    • Maturation and function of make reproductive system
  21. Inhibin
    • Gonads
    • Inhibits release of follicle-stimulating hormone
  22. Estrogen and Progesterone
    • Ovaries, Placenta
    • Maturation and function of female reproductive system
    • Development of the fetus
    • Physical changes associated with pregnancy
  23. Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP)
    • Heart
    • Decreases blood pressure
  24. Erythropoietin (EPO)
    • Kidneys
    • Increase production of Red Blood Cells
  25. Angiotensinogen
    • Liver
    • Increased BP
    • Vasoconstriction
    • Decrease urine output
  26. Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGFs)
    • Liver
    • Functions synergistically with growth hormone
  27. Vitamin D3
    • Skin
    • Converted to calcitriol
    • Increases calcium absorption from small intestines
  28. Leptin
    • Adipose Tissue
    • Helps regulate food intake
  29. Corticotropin-releasing Hormone (CRH)
    • Hypothalamus
    • Stimulates the release of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
  30. Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH)
    • Hypothalamus
    • Stimulates release of GH
  31. Growth Hormone Inhibiting Hormone (GHIH)
    • Hypothalamus
    • Inhibits the release of GH
  32. Thyrotropin-releasing Hormone (TRH)
    • Hypothalamus
    • Stimulates release of Prolactin (PRL)
  33. Prolactin-inhibiting Hormone (PIH)
    • Hypothalamus
    • Inhibits release of Prolactin (PRL)
  34. Cholecystokinin
    • Small Intestine
    • Bile release
    • Appetite supression
  35. Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone (GnRH)
    • Hypothalamus
    • Stimulates release of FSH and LH
  36. Gastrin
    • Stomach
    • Stimulates acid secretion
  37. Ghrelin
    • Stomach
    • Stimulates hunger
Author
madrat
ID
319602
Card Set
Hormones
Description
All hormones you need to know for PCC Sylvania BI 232 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Updated