CJ Part Final

  1. the variety of services, facilities, and organizations responsible for the management of people who have beem accused of criminal offenses
  2. An institution intended to punish criminals by isolating them from society and from society and from one another so they can reflect on their past misdeeds, repent, reform
  3. A penitentiary system, developed in Penn. in which each inmate was held in isolation from other inmates. All activities, including craft work, took place in the cells
    separate confinement
  4. a penitentiary system developed in Auburn in which each inmate was held in isolation during the night but worked and ate with the other prisoners during the day under a rule of silence
    congregate system
  5. A system under which inmates' labor was sold on a contractual basis to private employers who provided the machinery and raw materials with which inmates made salable products in the institution
    contract labor system
  6. a system under which inmates were leased to contractors who provided prisoners with food and clothing in exchange for labor
    lease system
  7. an institution for young offenders that emphasizes training, a mark system of classification, indeterminate sentences, and parole
  8. a point system in which prisoners can reduce their term imprisonment and gain release by earning marks or points through labor, good behavior, educational achievement
    mark system
  9. A model of corrections that emphasizes the need to restore a convicted offender to a constructive place in society through some form of vocational or educational training therapy
    rehabilitative model
  10. a model of corrections based on the assumption that criminal behavior is caused by biological or psychological conditions that require treatment
    medical model
  11. a model of corrections based on the goal of reintegrating the offender into the community
    community corrections
  12. a model of corrections based on the assumption that criminal behavior can be controlled by more use of incarceration and other forms of strict supervision
    crime control model correction
  13. an institution for the incarceration of people convicted of serious crimes, usually felonies
  14. an institution authorized to hold pretrial detainees and sentenced misdemeanants for periods longer than 48 hours
  15. judges should not interfere with the administration of correctional institutions
    hands-off policy
  16. a model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline, and order
    custodial model
  17. a model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs to help prisoners address the personal problems and issues that led them to commit crimes
    rehabilitation model
  18. a model of correctional institutional that emphasizes maintaining the offender's ties to family and community as a method of reform, recognizing that the offender will be returning to society
    reintegration model
  19. the values and norms of the prison social system that define the inmates' idea of the model prisoner
    inmate code
  20. a return to criminal behavior
  21. the probationer's failure to abide by the rules and conditions of probation, resulting in revocation of probation
    technical violation
  22. a sum of money to be paid to the state by a convicted person as punishment for an offense
  23. repayment by an offender to a victim who has suffered some loss from the offense
  24. government seizures of property and other assets deprived from or used in criminal activity
  25. a sentence requiring the offender to remain inside his or her home during specified periods
    home confinement
  26. a sentence requiring the offender to perform a certain amount of unpaid labor in the community
    community service
  27. a community correctional center where an offender reports each day to comply with elements of a sentence
    day reporting center
  28. probation granted under conditions of strict reporting to a probation officer with a limited caseload
    intensive supervision probation (ISP)
  29. a short-term institutional sentence usually followed by probation, that puts the offender through a physical regimen designed to develop discipline and respect for authority
    boot camp
  30. shock incarceration
    boot camp
  31. process in which new sentencing options increase rather than reduce control over offenders' lives
    net widening
  32. the conditional release of an inmate from incarceration, under supervision, after part of the prison sentence has been served
  33. the release of an inmate from incarceration, without further correctional supervision; the inmate cannot be returned to prison for any remaining portion of the sentence for the current offense
    expiration release
  34. the required release of an inmate from incarceration to community supervision upon the expiration of a certain period, as specified by a determinate-sentencing law or parole guidelines
    mandatory release
  35. a term used in some states to avoid rigidity of mandatory release, by placing convicts in various community settings, under supervision
    other conditional release
  36. the release of an inmate from prison to conditional supervision at the discretion of the parole board within the boundaries set by the sentence and the penal law
    discretionary release
  37. conduct restrictions that parolees must follow as a legally binding requirement of being release
    conditions of release
  38. the daytime release of inmates from correctional institutions so they can work or attend school
    work and educational release
  39. the temporary release of inmate from a correctional institution for a brief period, usually one to three days, for a visit home. Such programs help maintain family ties and prepare inmates for release on parole
  40. a correctional facility housing convicted felons who spend a portion of their day at work in the community but reside in halfway house during non-working hours.
    halfway house
  41. the state as parent; the state as guardian and protector of all citizens who cannot protect themselves
    parens patriae
  42. juveniles have the right to counsel, to confront and examine accusers, and to have adequate notice of charges when confinement is a possible punishment
    in re gault
  43. the standard of proof beyond a reasonable doubt applies to juvenile delinquency proceedings
    in re winship
  44. any act committed by a juvenile that is considered unacceptable for a child, such as truancy or running away from home, but that would not be a crime if it were committed by an adult
    status offense
  45. procedure by which the juvenile court waives its jurisdiction and transfers a juvenile case to the adult criminal court
  46. a child who has committed an act that if committed by an adult would be a criminal act
  47. a term that designates juveniles who are either status offenders or thought to be on the verge of trouble
    PINS ( persons in need of supervision)
  48. a child who is receiving inadequate care because of some action or inaction of his or her parents
    neglected child
  49. a child who has no parent or guardian or whose parents cannot give proper care
    dependent child
  50. the process of screening children out of the juvenile justice system without a decision by the court
  51. a hearing by the juvenile court to determine if a juvenile is to be detained or released prior to adjudication
    detention hearing
  52. juvenile justice equivalent of parole, in which a delinquent is released from a custodial sentence and supervised in the community
Card Set
CJ Part Final