1. Apache Web Server
    A popular open source Linux Web server.
  2. AppleShare
    Apple’s proprietary networking software.
  3. AppleTalk
    A high level protocol developed and used by Apple.
  4. AFP
    AppleTalk Filing Protocol (AFP) A protocol that supports file sharing, file transport, and end-user printer sharing.
  5. Baseline
    Values collected for comparison against later performance statistics.
  6. BootP forwarding
    A router configuration option that enables routers to pass DHCP broadcasts.
  7. Caching
    Local storage of network resources. Cached files are refreshed, updating either the local copy or the network copy, depending on which has the most recent changes, when a user connects to the network.
  8. Distribution
    A downloadable or otherwise distributable set of Linux installation files for a specific Linux flavor and kernel version. Most distributions include a suite of preinstalled applications.
  9. Dual boot
    A computer configuration in which you can choose the operating system used to start the computer.
  10. Edition
    A way of describing product variations for a specific Microsoft server product and version.
  11. XML
    Extensible Markup Language (XML) A data format used for formatting data for transmission using defined schemas, similar in format to the HTML used for webpages.
  12. Firewall
    A security device that filters traffic into or out of a network or subnet.
  13. GNU public license
    The specific open source license that applies to most Linux distributions.
  14. GPO
    Group Policy Object (GPO) An Active Directory method for defining and distributing policy configuration information throughout the directory or to specify groups of users or computers.
  15. Happy macked
    A term referring to a Mac operating system that can be loaded and run from a single floppy disk.
  16. Host-based firewall
    A firewall on a host that controls traffic to and from that host.
  17. Java Virtual Machine
    A software component that enables an operating system to run Java language applications.
  18. Kerberos
    A highly secure industry-standard authentication method. Developed for UNIX and supported on most current NOSs as an authentication method.
  19. Keychain
    A Macintosh operating system feature that supports local caching of online (Internet) passwords.
  20. LDAP
    Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) A TCP/IP authentication protocol.
  21. LPD/LPR
    TCP/IP protocols that support network printer access in a UNIX/Linux network environment.
  22. Multitasking
    Support for running concurrent applications.
  23. Open Directory
    A Mac directory-based networking model.
  24. Open source license
    A software distribution license under which you can modify the software but must distribute the source code with the modified software.
  25. Patch
    A minor update that fixes small glitches that crop up from time to time, such as minor security or performance issues.
  26. PDF
    Portable Document Format (PDF) The de facto standard document format, originally developed and licensed by Adobe.
  27. POSIX
    A UNIX application development standard.
  28. Print job
    A document that has been prepared and is ready to print.
  29. Print queue
    A temporary storage location for print jobs waiting to print. Also known as a print spooler.
  30. Samba
    A UNIX/Linux SMB emulation.
  31. Shallow learning curve
    A term that refers to ease of learning because of associations to something that the learner already knows.
  32. Sharing
    A term that refers to making resources (specifically file and print resources) available to network clients.
  33. Shell
    A UNIX/Linux command-line interface.
  34. TrueType fonts
    Automatically scalable fonts used with Mac and Windows.
  35. VM
    Virtual Machine (VM) A software simulated computer.
  36. Web services
    Specialized applications that run on Web servers and provide services to clients over the Internet.
  37. WFW
    Windows for Workgroups (WFW) An early Microsoft Windows Desktop version that supported peer-to-peer networking.
  38. WSUS
    Windows Server Update Service (WSUS) Microsoft’s patch management tool for Windows Server. WSUS provides a number of features including targeting of patches to specific groups of machines, support for Microsoft products, and error reporting.
  39. X Windows System
    A popular UNIX graphical user interface.
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