Reproductive System

  1. Fallopian tube
    La trompa de Falopio
  2. Ovary
    El ovario
  3. Uterus
    El útero
  4. Cervix
    La cérvix
  5. Vagina
    La vagina
  6. Clitoris
    El clítoris
  7. Labium majus
    El labio mayor
  8. Labium minus
    El labio menor
  9. Urethra
    La uretra
  10. Vaginal orifice
    El orificio vaginal
  11. Hymen
    El himen
  12. Anus
    El ano
  13. Subcutaneous fat
    la grasa subcutánea
  14. Nipple
    El pezón
  15. Areola & sebaceous glands
    La areola y las glándulas sebáceas
  16. Lactiferous sinus
    El seno lactífero
  17. Ducts
  18. Bladder
    La vejiga
  19. Vas Deferens
    El conducto deferente
  20. Penis
    El pene
  21. Testes
    Los testículos
  22. Seminal vesicle
    La vesícula seminal
  23. Prostate Gland
    La glándula prostática
  24. Scrotal Sac
    La bosla escrotal
  25. Amniocentesis

    a surgical puncture to remove amniotic fluid to evaluate fetal health and to diagnose certain congenital disorders
  26. Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Enlarged Prostate
    Hipertrofia prostática benigna 

    abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland often found in men over 50 years old
  27. Breast Biopsy
    Biopsia del seno

    -Removal of breast tissue for examination and to confirm a diagnosis

    • -needle breast biopsy: an x-ray guided needle is used to remove small samples of tissue from the breast
    • -surgical biopsy: the surgical removal of a small piece of tissue
  28. Breast Self Examination
    Autoexamen de mamas (seno)

    a self-care procedure for the early detection of breast cancer
  29. Carcinoma of the breast

    Breast Cancer
    Carcinoma de seno

    Cáncer de seno

    a carcinoma that develops from the cells of the breast and can spread to adjacent lymph nodes and other sites in the body
  30. Carcinoma of the prostate

    Prostate Cancer
    Carcinoma de próstata

    Cáncer de próstata 

    cancer beginning in the prostate gland
  31. Carcinoma of the testes

    Testicular Cancer
    Carcinoma de testículo

    Cáncer testicular 

    cancer that begins in the testicles
  32. Cervical Biopsy
    Biopsia cervical

    the removal of cervical tissue for microscopic examination to diagnose chronic cervical infection or cervical cancer
  33. Cervical carcinoma

    Cervical cancer
    Carcinoma del cérvix

    Cáncer de cérvix

    cancer that develops in the cervix
  34. Cervicitis

    inflammation of the cervix
  35. Cesarean Section

    the delivery of the child through an incision in the maternal abdominal and uterine walls
  36. Colposcopy

    a direct visual examination under microscope of the tissues of the cervix and vagina
  37. Cystocele

    a hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall
  38. Cystoscopy

    the visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope
  39. Dilation and curettage (D&C)
    Dilatación y Legrado

    a surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrium of the uterus is scraped away
  40. Ectopic Pregnancy
    Embarazo ectópico

    the condition in which a fertilized egg is implanted and begins to develop outside the uterus
  41. Endometrial carcinoma

    Endometrial cancer
    Cáncer de endometrio

    a cancerous growth that begins in the lining of the uterus
  42. Endometriosis

    a condition in which patches of endometrial tissue escape the uterus and become attached to other structures in the pelvic cavity
  43. Hydrocele

    a fluid-filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles
  44. Hysterectomy

    the surgical removal of the uterus
  45. Leiomyoma (uterine fibroids)
    Leiomioma (fibrosis uterina)

    a benign tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that occurs in the wall of the uterus
  46. Mammogram

    • -a radiographed image of the breast taken from various angles to detect abnormal masses
    • -done by flattening the breast and x-raying for tumors or precancerous cells
  47. Orchitis


    the inflammation of one or both testicles
  48. Ovarian cysts
    Quiste ovárico 

    -sacs containing fluid or semisolid material that develop on or in the surface of an ovary

    • -symptoms include: 
    • *fullness or heavy abdomen
    • *pressure on rectum or bladder
    • *a constant dull ache or pelvic pain that may spread to the low back and thighs that occurs before the beginning or end of menstruation or during intercourse
  49. Pap Test/Pap Smear
    Examen de Papanicolaou

    Prueba de pap

    an exfoliative biopsy of the cervix
  50. Pelvic exam
    Tacto vaginal

    • -the visual and physical palpitation of the internal and external genitalia of a female patient
    • -useful as a screening tool for STDs and some forms of cancer
  51. Pelvic inflammatory disease
    Enfermedad Pélvica Inflamatoria (EPI)

    any inflammation of the female reproductive organs not associated with surgery or pregnancy
  52. Placenta Previa
    Placenta previa

    abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus
  53. Prostatitis

    inflammation of the prostate gland
  54. Vaginitis

    inflammation of the lining of the vagina
  55. Variocele

    a knot of varicose veins in one side of the scrotum
  56. Bacterial Vaginosis
    Vaginosis bacteriana 

    a condition in women where there is an abnormal overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina
  57. Chlamydia

    a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis
  58. Crabs (pubic lice)

    Pediculosis pubis
    Piojos púbicos

    • -an infestation of lice in the pubic hair and pubic region
    • -lice eggs or nits must be destroyed in order to get rid of the infestation
  59. Genital Herpes
    Herpes genital

    -a sexually transmitted disease caused by the herpes simplex virus

    • -type 1 or 2
    • -symptoms: itching or burning before the appearance of sores on the genitals or rectum
  60. Genital warts
    Verrugas genitales 

    a sexually transmitted disease caused by the human papillomavirus
  61. Gonorrhea

    a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  62. Hepatitis B

    Serum hepatitis
    Hepatitis B

    • -a viral disease that causes chronic inflammation of the liver, damage and cancer.
    • -transmitted through blood products and exposure to infected bodily fluids through sexual intercourse
  63. Herpes

    Herpes zoster

    an acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow the underlying route of an inflamed nerve
  64. HIV/AIDS

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus

    a blood borne pathogen that damages or kills the T-cells of the body's immune system causing it to progressively fail
  65. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
    Virus del Papiloma Humano (VPH)

    a virus that causes genital warts and cervical cancer
  66. Syphilis

    a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum
  67. Trichomoniasis

    a sexually transmitted infection caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis
Card Set
Reproductive System
Reproductive System