development of personality

  1. jung Personal unconscious
    • similar to Freud's preconscious and the unconscious
    • past memories
    • unique to us
  2. jung Collective unconscious
    powerful and influential system that contains universal memories and ideas that all people have inherited from our ancestors over the course of evolution
  3. jungs archetypes
    • inherited memories or common themes found in all cultures religions, and literature
    • The self
    • shadow
    • Anima or Animus
    • Persona
  4. jung the self
    • unification of unconscious and conscious
    • individualization _ goal of personality
  5. jung the shadow
    • libido / eros
    • sex instinct
    • composed of repressed ideas
    • dark side
    • those who deny it project it onto others
    • can appear in dreams as monsters
  6. jung anima or animus
    • anima- female animus- male
    • represents true self rather then image we present to others
    • combination is known as syzygy & represents unifucation
  7. jung persona
    • how we present selves to world
    • different social masks we show when with dif groups of people
    • shields ego from negativity
  8. alder individual psychology
    we are born with sense of inferiority and we strive for superiority
  9. alder defined superiority as having the following personality types:
    • Unselfishness
    • Cooperative
    • Creative
    • Unique
    • Aware
    • Interested in social welfare
  10. alders pampering
    • being too overprotective
    • as adults they will have difficulty dealing with negative realities and doubt ability and having difficulty making decisions
  11. alders neglect
    • child has no protection
    • child will grow up with fear of the world, mistrust, and difficulty forming relationships
  12. horneys psychoanalytic theory
    • feminist
    • males have womb envy
    • males and females envious of each other in some ways
    • female jealous of males social status
  13. humanistic
    maslow, Rodgers
  14. maslow holistic dynamic theory
    whole person is continually being motivated by one need or another and moving towards self actualization
  15. rogers
    • nondirective therapy or client centered therapy¬†(facilitator rather then director)
    • agreed with masow
  16. rogers self theory
    • self= organized set of beliefs about selves
    • we all need unconditional positive self regard ( love youself and love from others)
    • incongruence ( dif between real self and ideal self)
    • to be fully functioning ( self actualization ) we have to accept ourselves and unite real and ideal self
  17. Behavioral Theory
    • Our behavior defines our personality
    • Our environment shapes who we become
    • skinner
  18. Cognitive Theory on Personality
    • thoughts change behavior
    • Cognitivists state that by changing our thoughts, we can change our mood, decrease our anxiety, or improve our relationships
  19. Social Cognitive (Social Learning) Theories
    • learn through observation
    • learning doesn't guarantee change in behavior
    • internal mental states are essential
  20. kellys Personal Construct Theory
    • Personal construct is your way of looking at life, the world, and people around you based on your personal experiences in life and your reactions to them. (schemas )
    • Your personal constructs shape how you decide to act, speak, think and live your life.¬†
    • Our patterns of personal constructs determines our personality
  21. Kelly Role Construct Repertory Test
    determines constructs people use
  22. Albert Banduras Social Cognitive theory
    • Feels we learn the most about people using observational learning
    • Reciprocal determinism- the characteristics of a person, the persons behavior and the environment all affect one another in a two way casual relationship.
  23. banduras self efficacy
    • belief that we are fully competent in order to accomplish tasks, and goals
    • High self-efficacy- we believe we can master situations and produce positive results Persons may have high self efficacy in certain areas but not others
  24. collective efficacy
    is our perception that with collaborative effort our group will obtain its desired outcome
  25. Julion Rotter's Social Learning Theory
    • locus of control
    • measures generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement.
    • internal = everything is of own doing
    • external = luck
  26. Walter Mischeles Cognitive-Affective Personality System
    • Cognitive-Affective Personality System (CAPS)-(1995)
    • we make unique behavior signatures ( consistent ways of responding in similar situations that characterize our personality)
Card Set
development of personality
notes 95-96