CRIM 355

  1. Principles of death investigation
    • Rule out criminality
    • Determine cause of death
  2. Section 2 of the coroners act
    Deaths to be reported
  3. section 11 of the coronors act
    • Investigative powers:
    • Take possession and examine the body
    • Enter and inspect any place relating to death
    • Seize anything that is pertinent¬†to the investigation
  4. SCC determined what in regards to blood samples and police?
    If a coroner hands over a blood sample to police in regards to a criminal prosecution, the accused has had his/her charter rights violated.
  5. What goes to inquest?
    • Deaths that occur in police custody
    • Deaths that require public airing of the circumstances or involve issues around public safety
  6. Section 5 of the coronors act
    A person who has reason to believe that an individual has died in regards to any of the deaths in s. 2 may not alter the body in any way until the coroner directs
  7. 5 Qs of the coronor
    • Who
    • How - Medical Cause of Death
    • Where
    • When
    • WHAT means ? Mechanisms
  8. Lividity
    • Pooling of blood
    • Happens within 2 hours of death - fixed at 8 hrs
    • Blood will not pool where compressed against a firm surface
  9. Rigor Mortis
    • Stiffening of muscles (caused by enzyme released into...)
    • Apparent within 2 hours
    • Take up to 12 hours for full rigor
    • Accelerated in warm conditions and presence of stimulants (cocaine)
  10. What are the eight objectives of an investigation?
    • 1. Gather evidence
    • 2. Assess admissibility
    • 3. Formulate reasonable grounds to arrest or obtain warrant
    • 4.¬†Formulate reasonable grounds to lay an information
    • 5. Prove identity of the suspect
    • 6.Prove the remaining facts in issue
    • 7. Prove offender intended to commit the crime
    • 8. Prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt
  11. Forensic Ident specialist
    • Locate, record, and recover items (most done through photography)
    • Also collect and preserve materials!
  12. Dactyloscopy
    • Classification and filing of fingerprints into pattern types
    • Allows for database searching
  13. Friction Ridge Identification
    Fingerprints - still the mainstay of forensics
  14. S. 657.3 CC
    Requires crown an defense to advise court and other party that an expert witness will be called to testify
  15. Processing a crime scene
    Only one opportunity to perform this job correctly
  16. Searching methods
    • Spiral - focal point, and spiral manner
    • Zone/quadrant - concentrate in specific area
    • Grid - Similar to zone, used for searching foor small areas¬†
    • Strip or line - ditch or road
Card Set
CRIM 355
Coroners and Stu's presentation