Integumentary System

  1. Epidermis
    La epidermis
  2. Dermis
    La dermis
  3. Hair follicle
    El folículo piloso
  4. Sweat gland
    La glándula sudorípara
  5. Sebaceous gland
    La glándula sebácea
  6. Pacinian corpuscle
    El corpúsculo de pacini
  7. Sensory nerve endings
    Las terminaciones nerviosas
  8. Arrestor pili muscle
    El músculo erector del pelo
  9. Hair shaft
    El pelo
  10. Abrasion

    an injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away
  11. Abscess

    a closed pocket containing pus that is caused by a bacterial infection
  12. Acne
    Acne vulgaris

    • -a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by pustular eruptions of the skin caused by an overproduction of sebum around the hair shaft.
    • -triggered by hormones in puberty, but also occurs in adults
  13. Albinism

    a genetic condition characterized by a deficiency or absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and irises of the eyes
  14. Alopecia Areata (in patches)
    Alopecia areata

    an autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles causing well-defined bald areas on the scalp or elsewhere- often begins in childhood.
  15. Blister

    a local swelling of the skin that contains watery fluid and is caused by burning or irritation
  16. Burns

    • -an injury to the body's tissues caused by heat, flame, electricity, sun, chemicals, or radiation.
    • -severity described in terms of percentage of total body skin surface affected and depth of skin layers involved
  17. Callus

    a thickening of part of the skin on the hands or feet caused by repeated rubbing
  18. Cyst

    an abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or semi-solid material
  19. Dermabrasion

    • -the use of a revolving brush or sand paper to remove acne and chickenpox scars as well as for facial rejuvenation
    • -microdermabrasion removes only a fine layer of skin, so results are temporary
  20. Dermatitis

    an inflammation of the skin. This condition takes many forms but is usually characterized by redness, swelling, and itching.
  21. Dermatoplasty

    Skin graft

    Injerto de piel 

    the replacement of damaged skin with healthy tissue taken from a donor site on the patient's body
  22. Eczema

    Atopic dermatitis

    Dermatitis atópica 

    • -a form of persistent or recurring dermatitis with redness, itching, dryness, possibly blistering, cracking, oozing, and bleeding
    • -chronic condition most often seen in children and infants
    • -a malfunction of the body's immune system
  23. Fissure

    a groove or crack-like break in the skin

    ex] breaks in the webbing of the toes
  24. Furuncle


    large tender swollen areas caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands
  25. Gangrene

    tissue necrosis (death) most commonly caused by a loss of circulation to the affected tissues. Followed by a bacterial infection that causes putrefaction
  26. Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
    Herpes Zóster (culebrilla)

    • -an acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow the underlying route of an inflamed nerve
    • -occurs when dormant varicella (chicken pox) virus is reactivated later in life
  27. Jaundice

    a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membrane, and eyes caused by abnormally high levels of bilirubin in the blood
  28. Laceration

    a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
  29. Melanoma

    • -a type of skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes
    • -the most serious type of skin cancer
    • -often the first signs are the changes in size, shape or color of a mole
  30. Nodule

    a solid raised skin lesion that is larger than 0.5cm in diameter and deeper than a papule. In acne, nodules can cause scarring.
  31. Papule

    a small, red, raised lesion that is less than 0.5cm in diameter and does not contain pus.

    ex] pimples and insect bites
  32. Pediculosis


    an infestation with lice on the head, body, or pubic hair region
  33. Psoriasis

    a common skin disorder characterized by flareups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, or buttocks
  34. Scabies
    Escabiosas (sarna)

    • -a skin infection caused by an infestation of itch mites.
    • -itch mites cause small itchy bumps and blisters by burrowing in the top layer of the skin to lay their eggs
  35. Tinea


    • -a fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails
    • -also known as ringworm because as it grows, it spreads out in a worm-like circle
    • -other forms = jock itch and athlete's foot
  36. Vitiligo

    • -a skin condition resulting from the destruction of melanocytes due to unknown causes
    • -causes depigmentation or irregular patches of white skin or hair
  37. Wart


    small, hard skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus
Card Set
Integumentary System
Integumentary System