Immune System

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  1. Tonsils
    Amígdalas
  2. Adenoids
    Adenoides
  3. Lymph Nodes
    Ganglion linfáticos
  4. Lymphatic Vessels
    Vasos linfáticos
  5. Thymus
    Timo
  6. Spleen
    Bazo
  7. Bone Marrow
    Médula ósea
  8. Appendix
    Apéndice
  9. Peyer's Patches
    Placas de peyer
  10. Allergy

    Hypersensitivity
    Alergia

    the overreaction by the body to a particular antigen
  11. Anaphylaxis

    Anaphylactic shock
    Anafilaxia

    a systemic reaction that is a severe response of the body to an allergen that involves several bodily systems and requires prompt treatment

    ex] hypotension, bronchial constriction, hives
  12. Antibody Tests
    Prueba de anticuerpos

    • -a test done to find certain antibodies that attack red blood cells
    • -antibodies are proteins made by the immune system that normally bind to foreign substances like bacteria and viruses to destroy them
  13. Autoimmune Disease

    Autoimmune Disorder
    Enfermedad autoinmunitaria

    any one of a number of diseases that are characterized by the immune system making antibodies against its own tissues, mistaking healthy cells, tissues, and organs for antigens

    ex] Rheumatoid Arthritis, Myasthenia Gravis, Pernicious Anemia, Chron's Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Scleroderma, Graves' Disease
  14. Coombs' Test
    Prueba de Coombs

    • -a test for a Haemolityic Anemia in which red blood cells are fragile and break easily from having an auto-immune disorder in which the body makes antibodies against its own red blood cells
    • -the test uses rabbit serum with anti-human globulin antibodies, causing the patient's red blood cells to clump (agglutinate) if they are already covered in antibodies
  15. Graves Disease
    Enfermedad de Graves

    • -an autoimmune disease of unknown cause in which the immune system attacks the thyroid, causing the over-production of thyroid hormone
    • -can cause goiter, and expothalamos
  16. Hay Fever (Allergic Rhinitis)
    Fiebre de heno (rinitis alérgica) 

    an allergic reaction to airborne allergens
  17. HIV Test
    Prueba para la detección del VIH

    any number of tests used to detect the HIV antibodies or genetic material of HIV, usually done via blood test.

    ex] ELISA, Western Blot, PCR (polymerase chain reaction), IFA (indirect fluorescent antibody)
  18. HIV/AIDS

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    SIDA/VIH

    HIV - a blood borne infection in which the virus damages and kills the body's T-cells of the immune system, causing progressive failure of the immune system, and leaving the body vulnerable to infection.  

    AIDS - the most advanced, and fatal stage of an HIV infection
  19. Immunoglobulins test (IgE)
    Pruebas de Inmunoglobulinas (IgE)

    a test done to measure the level of immunoglobulins (antibodies) in the blood
  20. Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Collagen Disease
    Artritis Reumatoide

    a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and swelling of the joints
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Immune System
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Immune System
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