theater history 2 test 3 names

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  1. andre antoine
    founded Theatre Libre
  2. Adolphe Appie
    • Scenic designer
    • revolutionizes design by introducing 3d set pieces
    • "The Staging of Wagner's Music Drama"
  3. Charles Pierre Baudelaire
    • introduced and translated Poe to French
    • Les Fleurs du Mal (book of poetry)
    • Arrested for obscenity
    • perfectionist
  4. Otto Brahm
    • naturalist
    • pro actors
    • emphasized play over production
    • Freie Buhne in Berlin
  5. Ludwig Chronegk
    • actor in Meiningen company
    • did many directorial functions (casting, ran rehearsals)
    • took up many lead actor functions
  6. Paul Claudel
    • French playwright
    • symbolist
    • The Tidings Brought to Mary (unstageable as written)
    • most important Symbolist playwright
  7. Gordon Craig
    • scenic designer
    • son of Ellen Terry
    • similar to Appia
    • integrates design elements w text
    • directed a few shows
  8. Sergei Dhiagilev
    • World of art movement
    • dancer and choreograpger
    • works w russian symbolist painters
    • russian ballet
  9. WG and Frank Fay
    • founded Ormonde Dramatic Society
    • actors
    • produce shows w good roles
  10. Paul Fort
    • 1st significant symbolist producer
    • founds Theatre Mixte at age 17
    • retires at 21
    • sets designed by major symbolist painters
    • produces works not meant for stage
    • "more enthusiastic than accomplished"
  11. Georg II
    • Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
    • a "director"
    • actually more of an artistic director
  12. Nikolai Gogol
    • playwright
    • the Inspector General
    • comedy that isn't a love story
  13. Maxim Gorky
    • turn of the century Russian playwright
    • The Lower Depths
    • gritty naturalism
  14. Lady Augusta Gregory
    • great theater manager
    • decent playwright
    • brought class to Irish National Theater
  15. Gerhart Hauptmann
    • 19th cent realistic German playwright
    • The Weavers
    • based on historic rebellion of weavers
    • 1st significant show to have collective protag
  16. Hugo von Hoffmansthal
    • non-realist German
    • did variations of inherited materials
    • famous adaptation of Everyman
    • did a lot of opera w Strauss
  17. AEF Horniman
    • funded the Abbey Theater
    • heiress to a tea fortune
  18. Alfred Jarry
    • late 19th cent French
    • wrote Ubu Roi
    • intellectual predecessor to absurdism
  19. Aurelian Lugne-Poe
    • most signif non-realism director
    • stages many signif plays including works by Maeterlinck
    • break from symbolists is a death knell for movement
    • later does more realistic works
  20. Maurice Maeterlinck
    • Belgian
    • plays about unknowingness
    • strange mythical relation w the universe instead of w society
    • The Intruder
    • The Blind
  21. Stephane Mallarme
    • intellectual godfather of Symbolism
    • school for poets and painters
    • unofficial spokesperson for symbolism
  22. Edward Martyn
    • ardent Catholic
    • v rich
    • one of 4 founders of Irish Nat Theater
    • George Moore's cousin and best friend
  23. Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko
    one of the founders of Moscow Art Theater
  24. Friedrich Nietzche
    • The Birth of Tragedy
    • felt that tragedy was between ???
    • Thus Spoke Zarathurstra
    • Ubermensch
  25. Alexander Ostrovsky
    • 1st pro playwright
    • The Poor Bride
    • Enough Stupidity in Every Wise Man
    • The Thunderstorm
  26. Walter Pater
    • aesthete movement
    • art for art's sake
    • parodies late 19th century society
    • art must serve no function
  27. Edgar Allen Poe
    • hugely popular in France
    • insisted that are not be didactic or educational
    • talks about language, form over content
    • antirealistic
  28. Lennox Robinson
    • Irish Theater writer/director
    • The Big House
    • The White Haired Boy
    • director/manager of Abbey Theater
  29. Edmond Rostand
    • wrote Cyrano de Bergerac
    • hero w big nose
    • The Romancers (adapted into the Fantastics)
  30. George Bernard Shaw
    • wrote about 80 plays though he didn't start writing them until 40
    • joined Fabian Society
    • Didactic (Wants audience to come to his point of view)
    • wins Nobel Prize in 1925
    • "super realism"
  31. Konstantin Stanislavski
    • The Method
    • 3 Books: "An Actor Prepares", "Building a Character", "Creating a Role"
    • starts Moscow Art Theater
  32. August Strindberg
    • Scandinavian playwright
    • wrote music, essays on politics and biology
    • apparently a huge douche
    • naturalistic
  33. Ivan Turgenev
    • musicals and melodramas
    • A Month in the Country (1850)
    • precedes realism in France
    • not produced until 1872
  34. Villiers de L'Isle-Adam
    • platwright
    • Axel
    • symbolist
  35. Richard Wagner
    • Opera
    • "gesamtukstwerk" (putting design elements together)
    • felt that 1 person should make all design choices
    • writes all music,directs both actors and orchestra
    • disliked realism
    • opera>theater
    • his theater was designed similarly to modern theater
    • stage has privilege over audience
  36. Oscar Wilde
    • Aesthete movement playwright
    • art for art's sake
  37. WB Yeats
    • 1/4 founder of the Irish Nat Theatre
    • playwright
    • preferred to keep politics separate from art 
    • wrote 1 political play
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theater history 2 test 3 names
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