Chapter 6 and 8 (Extended Response Questions)

  1. List the 6 basic elements of Traditional Chinese beliefs and practices that have been a part of Mahayana Buddhism as well as of Taoism and Confucianism. Describe each briefly.
    • 1. Belief in Spirits
    • 2. Tian (Heaven)
    • 3. The Veneration of Ancestors
    • 4. Seeing Patterns in Nature
    • 5. Divination (The attempt to force the future)
  2. Recount the life stories of Laozi (Lao Tzu) and Confucius. Give as much detail as possible.
  3. List the 5 great relationships in Confucianism and summarize the responsibilities of the related persons in each of the 5. Then list and describe the 5 Confucian virtues.
    • 1. Father-son
    •    -Father is responsible for childs education and moral formation, child is responsible for being respectful and obedient 
    • 2. Elder brother-younger brother 
    •    -Old siblings must be responsible for raising younger siblings, younger ones must be compliant
    • 3. Husband-wife
    •    -Each person is responsible for the other's care
    • 4. Elder-younger
    •    -Older people have responsibility for young people, younger people must show respect
    • 5. Ruler-subject
    •    -similar to father-son relationships
  4. List and describe the 5 Pre-Confucian Classics, then List the 4 Books of Confucianism and describe a key characteristic of each. 
    • Five Classics:
    • 1. The Book of History 
    • 2. The Book of Poetry 
    • 3. The Book of Changes
    • 4. The Book of Rites
    • 5. The Spring and Autumn Annals

    • The 4 Books:
    • 1. The Analects
    • 2. The Great Learning
    • 3. The Doctrine of the Mean
    • 4. The Mencius
  5. Name the three sections of the Hebrew Bible and briefly describe the content of each. 
    • 1. Torah
    •     -First 5 books of the Bible, also known as the Pentateuch
    •     -Handwritten by scribes
    • 2. Prophets
    •     -Composed of 8 volumes
    •     -Includes Joshua and Ezekiel 
    • 3. Writings
    •     -Composed of 11 volumes
    •     -Includes Psalms, Proverbs, and Song of Songs
  6. Though there is no official Jewish creed there are a number of central beliefs. Summarize 5 of the central beliefs of Judaism.
    • 1. Belief in God
    • 2. Belief in the words of the prophets
    • 3. Belief that God gave the law to Moses
    • 4. Belief that the Messiah, the savior to be sent by God, will come someday
    • 5. Belief that there will be a resurrection of the good "in the world to come"
  7. List 5 Jewish Festivals/High Holy Days. What do they celebrate/remember and how are they observed?
    • 1. Sukkot
    •    -An ancient festival associated with harvest
    • 2. Rosh Hashanah 
    •    - Commemorates the creation of Adam and Eve; also known as the day of judgements
    • 3. Yom Kippur
    •    -The 10th day of Rosh Hashanah when God delivers his judgement
    • 4. Passover
    •    -consists of 3 festivals to commemorate Jewish history
    • 5. Hanukkah 
    •    -symbolizes victory of God over evil
  8. Contemporary Judaism has evolved into 4 parts or sects. List these 4 and briefly describe the beliefs or practices that distinguish each.
    • 1. Orthodox
    •    -the most traditional branch of Judaism
    • 2. Conservative
    •    -attempts to blend the best of old and new 
    • 3. Reform
    •    -A movement beginning in the 19th century that questioned and modernized Judaism, a liberal branch 
    • 4. Reconstructionist
    •    -A modern liberal branch of Judaism that empashiszes the cullers aspects of Judaism
Author
HPizir
ID
318870
Card Set
Chapter 6 and 8 (Extended Response Questions)
Description
Chapter 6 and 8 (Extended Response Questions)
Updated