List the 6 basic elements of Traditional Chinese beliefs and practices that have been a part of Mahayana Buddhism as well as of Taoism and Confucianism. Describe each briefly.
- 1. Belief in Spirits
- 2. Tian (Heaven)
- 3. The Veneration of Ancestors
- 4. Seeing Patterns in Nature
- 5. Divination (The attempt to force the future)
Recount the life stories of Laozi (Lao Tzu) and Confucius. Give as much detail as possible.
List the 5 great relationships in Confucianism and summarize the responsibilities of the related persons in each of the 5. Then list and describe the 5 Confucian virtues.
- 1. Father-son
- -Father is responsible for childs education and moral formation, child is responsible for being respectful and obedient
- 2. Elder brother-younger brother
- -Old siblings must be responsible for raising younger siblings, younger ones must be compliant
- 3. Husband-wife
- -Each person is responsible for the other's care
- 4. Elder-younger
- -Older people have responsibility for young people, younger people must show respect
- 5. Ruler-subject
- -similar to father-son relationships
List and describe the 5 Pre-Confucian Classics, then List the 4 Books of Confucianism and describe a key characteristic of each.
- Five Classics:
- 1. The Book of History
- 2. The Book of Poetry
- 3. The Book of Changes
- 4. The Book of Rites
- 5. The Spring and Autumn Annals
- The 4 Books:
- 1. The Analects
- 2. The Great Learning
- 3. The Doctrine of the Mean
- 4. The Mencius
Name the three sections of the Hebrew Bible and briefly describe the content of each.
- 1. Torah
- -First 5 books of the Bible, also known as the Pentateuch
- -Handwritten by scribes
- 2. Prophets
- -Composed of 8 volumes
- -Includes Joshua and Ezekiel
- 3. Writings
- -Composed of 11 volumes
- -Includes Psalms, Proverbs, and Song of Songs
Though there is no official Jewish creed there are a number of central beliefs. Summarize 5 of the central beliefs of Judaism.
- 1. Belief in God
- 2. Belief in the words of the prophets
- 3. Belief that God gave the law to Moses
- 4. Belief that the Messiah, the savior to be sent by God, will come someday
- 5. Belief that there will be a resurrection of the good "in the world to come"
List 5 Jewish Festivals/High Holy Days. What do they celebrate/remember and how are they observed?
- 1. Sukkot
- -An ancient festival associated with harvest
- 2. Rosh Hashanah
- - Commemorates the creation of Adam and Eve; also known as the day of judgements
- 3. Yom Kippur
- -The 10th day of Rosh Hashanah when God delivers his judgement
- 4. Passover
- -consists of 3 festivals to commemorate Jewish history
- 5. Hanukkah
- -symbolizes victory of God over evil
Contemporary Judaism has evolved into 4 parts or sects. List these 4 and briefly describe the beliefs or practices that distinguish each.
- 1. Orthodox
- -the most traditional branch of Judaism
- 2. Conservative
- -attempts to blend the best of old and new
- 3. Reform
- -A movement beginning in the 19th century that questioned and modernized Judaism, a liberal branch
- 4. Reconstructionist
- -A modern liberal branch of Judaism that empashiszes the cullers aspects of Judaism