1. Bacillus anthracis
    Causes a cutaneous respiratory, or gastrointestinal disease, depending on the portal of entry

    The etiologic agent of anthrax
  2. Bacteroides
    Causes a variety of infections, including appendicitis, peritonitis, abscesses, and post-surgical wound infections
  3. Bordetella pertussis
    The etiologic agent of whooping couch, which is also called "pertussis"
  4. Borrelia burgdorferi
    The etiologic agent of Lyme disease

    Transmitted from infected deer and mice to humans by tick bites
  5. Campylobacter jejuni
    A commoon cause of gastroenteritis with malaise, myalgia, arthralgia, headache, and cramping abdominal pain

    Teacher refers it to Slide Rock disease
  6. Chlamydia
    Etiologic agents of non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU)
  7. Clostridium botulinum
    Produces a neurotoxin called botulinum toxin, which causes botulism, a very serious and sometimes fatal type of food poisoning
  8. Clostriduim difficile
    Causes pseudomembranous colitis (PMC); a common cause of nosocomial infections
  9. Clostridium perfringens
    Common in feces and soil

    • Common cause of gas gangrene
    • Produces a relatively mild type of food poisoning
  10. Clostridium tetani
    • Common in soil
    • Produces neurotoxin called tetanospasmin and causes tetanus
  11. Corynebacterium diphtheriae
    toxin-producing strains cause dipheria
  12. Enterococcus
    Common cause of cystitis and nosocomial infections
  13. E.coli
    the most common cause of septicemia and urinary tract and nosocomial infections
  14. Francisella tularensis
    May enter the body by inhalation, ingestion, tick bite, or penetration or unbroken skin

    Tularemia frequently follows contact with infected animals
  15. Fusobacterium
    common members of the indigenous microflora of the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and vagins

    Opportunistic pathogens that cause a variety of infections, including oral and respiatory infections
  16. Harmophilus influenzae
    Does not cause flu

    Found in low numbers as indigenous microflora of the upper respiratory tract

    an opportunistic pathogen

    cause of bacterial meningitis, ear infections, and respiatoru infections
  17. Helicobacter pylori
    common cause of stomach and duodenal ulcers
  18. Klebsiella pneumoniae
    an opportunistic pathogen

    a fairly common cause of pneumonia and cystitis
  19. Lactobacillus
    indigenous microflora of the vagina and gastrointestinal tract

    rarely pathogenic
  20. legionella pneumophila
    Etiologic agent of legionellosis (a type of pneumonia)

    can contaminate water tanksad pipes

    has caused epidemics in hotels, hospitals, and cruise ships
  21. Listeria monocytogenes
    Can cause meningitis, encephalitis, septicemia, endocarditis, abortion and abscesses

    Enters the body via ingestion of contaminated foods
  22. Mycobacterium leprae
    Referred to as the leprosy bacillus or Hansen's bacillus

    transmitted from person to person

    has been found in wild armadillos which are now used as laboratory animals to propagate this organism
  23. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    • -Causes tuberculosis
    • -Acid-fast Gram-variable bacillus
    • -Many strains are multidrug resistant
  24. Mycoplasma pneumonia
    • -Etiologic agent of atypical pneumonia
    • -Small, pleomorphic Gram-negative bacterium
    • -Lacks a cell wall
  25. Neisseria meningitidis
    • -Common cause of bacterial 'meningitis'
    • -Also causes respiratory infections
    • -KNown as meningococcus
    • -Always a pathogen
    • -Aerobic Gram-negative diplococcus
  26. Neisseria gonorrhea
    • -Causes gonorrhea
    • - Always a pathogen
    • - Fastidious Gram-negative diplococcus
    • - Many strains are penicillin-resistant
  27. Nocardia
    • -Etiologic agents of nocardiosis (a respiratory disease) and mycetoma ( a tumor-like disease, mostly involving the feet)
    • -Aerobic, acid-fast Gram negative bacilli
  28. Peptostreptococcus
    • -Opportunistic pathogens that cause a variety of infections including abscesses, oral infections, and appendictis
    • -Anaerobic Gram positive cocci
  29. Porphyromonas
    • -Opportunistic pathogens that cause a variety of infections including abscesses, oral infections, and bite wound infections
    • -Anerobic Gram negative bacilli
  30. Prevotella
    • -Opportunistic pathogens that cause a variety of infections including abscesses
    • -Anerobic Gram negative bacilli
  31. Proteus
    • -Opportunistic pathogens
    • -Common cause of cystitis
    • -Member of Enterobacteriaccae family
    • -Gram negative bacilli
  32. Pseudomonas aerugmosa
    • -Causes burn, wound, ear,urinary tract andrespiratory infections
    • -One major causes of nosocomial infections
    • -Most strains are multidrug resistant
    • -Aerobic Gram negative bacilli
  33. Rickettsia
    • -Etologic agents of typhs and typhus-like diseases
    • -All rickettsial disease are transmitted by athropods
    • -Gram negative bacilli that are obligate intracellular pathogens
    • -Cant grow on artifical media
  34. Shigella
    • -Major cause of gastroenteritis and childhood mortality in the developing nation of the world
    • -Member of the Enterobacteriaceae family
    • -Gram negative bacilli
  35. Salmonella
    • -Fairly common cause of food poisoning especially cases caused by contaminated poultry
    • -Member of Enterobacteriaceae Family
    • - Gram negative bacilli
Card Set