midterm other primates

  1. prosimians
    • Lemurs
    • loris
  2. lemurs and lorises
    • Most primitive (most like ancestral mammalian form)
    • evolved 60-65 million years ago
    • long snout for sense of smell
    • Mark territory with musky scent
    • Many lack color vision Because they are nocturnal
    • Grooming claw: 2nd digit
    • Dental comb for grooming and feeding
  3. Lemur
    • Superfamily: Lemuroidea
    • Only on Madagascar
    • Diurnal and nocturnal
    • No competition with monkeys and apes  Average Lifespan 14-15 years
  4. ring tailed lemur

    (F-POLL)
    • Female dominance
    • positional behavior: Quadrupedal (Terrestrial and arboreal), Vertical clinging and leaping
    • Omnivorous
    • Live in groups of 10-25
    • lemur catta
  5. Trait that is Transitional between primitive mammal and other primates
    post orbital bone bar
  6. philopatric sex
    Group that stays with natal group
  7. Mouse lemur
    • Eat variety of Fruits, flowers, leaves, sap
    • Carnivorous also Insects, spiders, tree frogs and small snakes
    • Extremely difficult to study because they are small, live up in trees, and only come out at night
    • Home range: 50m Usually within trees
    • Central nest for female and young for day time 
    • nest communally with mothers and daughters
    • sons will live in the periphery of the core
    • Solitary foragers by themselves during the night time except for when very young
  8. Lorises

    Image Upload 1
    • Superfamily: Lorisoidea
    • Most nocturnal
    • slow moving
    • Mark territory on hands with urine
    • stealth hunter
    • found in asia and africa
    • infant parking
    • small
    • elongated thumbs, no index finger, but strong grip
  9. galagos

    Image Upload 2
    • Superfamily: Lorisoidea
    • Species: galagos
    • west Africa
    • Energetic
    • Agile
    • Infant parking – mothers slobber on infants to keep predators from taking them – a type of allergen
  10. Tarsiers

    Image Upload 3
    • Superfamily: Tarsioidea
    • Put into their own superfamily
    • Indonesia and Philippines
    • small (4 oz avg)
    • Nocturnal 
    • Monogamous 
    • Carnivorous
    • Strong hind legs
    • Clinging and leaping
    • Pounce on prey
    • male sounds alarm
  11. superfamily Ateloidea
    • capuchin = passive food sharing
    • squirrel monkey
    • howler monkey = large hyoid bone warn away competitiors
    • marmosets = flash genitals, clawsinstead of nails
  12. superfamily: cercopithecoidea
    • Japanese macaques
    • Baboon
    • Old world Dentition 2-1-2-3
    • Wide range of environments
    • Quadrupeds (arboreal and terrestrial)
    • No prehensile tails
  13. Macaque
    • Superfamily: cercopithecoidea
    • Multimale/female troops of 20-250
    • herbivores
    • Hierarchical social structure
    • 4 females to 1 male w/ group ranking
  14. baboon
    • superfamily: cercopithecoidea
    • Multimale/female
    • travel in groups troops up to 250
    • Omnivorous (sometimes hunt) Prefer fruit
    • Male and female dominance hierarchies
  15. lesser ape family
    hylobatidae
  16. hylobates
    • Lesser Apes
    • Gibbons and Siamangs
    • True brachiators
    • Eat fruit/leaves
    • Bipedal Monogamous 
    • Distribution: S. E. Asia Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia
  17. great ape family
    • hominidae
    • Chimps, gorillas, humans, orangutan, bonobos
  18. Pongo pygmaeus
    • Orangutans
    • Sumatra and borneo (indonesia)
    • Males have wide look when sexually mature – the wider more attractive
    • Solitary, only get together to mate (or mother and offspring)
    • Frugivorous (50% of diet fruit)
    • High sexual dimorphism , fit pattern for polygamous but live alone
    • Climbers/hangers Not true brachiators Their massive size keeps them from brachiating
    • Like humans, no visible estrus
    • Females can come into heat any time around males
    • When fruits are most ripe females are more receptive to mating
  19. african great ape
    • Gorilla Gorilla
    • Africa
    • Quadrupeds
    • Terrestrial knuckle walkers
    • Don’t really fear other beings except humans with guns
    • Vegetarian 85% leaves
    • DON’T EAT MEAT
    • WONT KILL YOU THE MINUTE THEY SEE YOU IN THE FOREST
    • big gut and digestive system allows to process all the fiber
    • High sexual dimorphism 
    • Social organization: Harems Dominate silverback male In control of several females and offspring
    • Highly endangered
    • Dian Fossey Studied gorillas
Author
camsanchez
ID
318837
Card Set
midterm other primates
Description
other primates
Updated