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List 9 initial response actions for a hazmat
- 1. Public Safety
- 2. Life preservation
- 3. Emergency Decontamination
- 4. Fire suppression
- 5. Prevent ignition
- 6. Prevent spread of hazardous material
- 7. Prevent violent, explosive or other hazardous reactions
- 8. Prevent damage to the environment
- 9. Preserve the crime scene
What is a minor incident?
- - A minor quantity of fuel, LPG or CNG from a vehicle or a small portable container
- - A small spillage of a known domestic chemical in a residential premises including a shed or garage
- - a spillage of a known material confirmed to be non-hazardous that does not present an environmental problem
Name the 4 levels of personal protection
- Level A - Fully encapsulated suit with SCBA (used for unknown levels or known level mandates)
- Level B - Chemical Protection suit with SCBA (known level or risk assessment carried out if level not measurable)
- Level C - Chemical protection suit with PAPR
- Level D ( Level 2 firefighting PPE, SCBA, Pvc gloves and optional overboots. (Used only for emergency Snatch rescue)
What are the 3 control zones?
- Hot Zone - The hot zone will encompass all areas that are potentially hazardous to personnel. All personnel entering their zone require correct PPE
- Warm Zone - The warm zone is an are outside the hot zone where entry is restricted but the risks present no likelihood of personnel becoming lost, trapped or injured. The decontamination are will be in the warm area if required.
- Cold Zone - The cold zone is an area outside the warm zone where there is no risk from the incident. The incident is controlled from the cold zone, staging and rehab will be in the cold zone
Describe a snatch rescue , considerations and procedure.
- Assess situation and balance risk vs reward
- transmit sit rep to comms including; Emergency rescue of a contaminated casualty in progress, confirm ambulance is attending
- Level 2 PPE with SCBA and PVC gloves
- High pressure line must be laid out
- Emergency rescue team to administer first aid to avoid cross contamination
- All personnel in hot zone isolated until decontaminated
- Rescuers treated as potential casualties and not be redeployed until cleared medically.
Name 7 people who may make up the Hazmat management team
- BA support officer
- On call hazmat CBR officer
- Technical Advice coordinator (TAC)
- On sitre technical advice
- Bureau of meteorology (BOM)
- Other advisors as required
what is WET decontamination?
Is the removal of contaminants through dilution, washing and scrubbing.
What is DRY Decontamination?
- Used if powders, granuals or water reactive materials are involved
- Contaminant must not be shaken or blown of clothing only a vacuum which is fitted with a HEPA (high efficiency particle absorbent) filter can be used
- If dry decontamination is required and the material is not reactive to water then WET decor will follow
- The appropriate decor procedure will be indicated by information systems or technical advise.
What is a FULL decontamination?
- Full decor is for any persons who is directly contaminated with a hazardous substance
- Emergency service personnel shall undergo full decon if the hazardous substance has penetrated the CPC or if the normal firefighting clothing or body has become contaminated.
what is a SP140 and when and why is it used?
An SP140 is used for emergency personnel who are suspected of being contaminated by a dangerous substance. This is filled out and they are given a wrist band.
Draw a Decontamination zone layout.