Unit 13-15

  1. Abstruse
    • (adj.) extremely difficult to understand
    • S: arcane, recondite, occult
    • A: simple, straightforward
  2. Affront
    • (n.) an open or intentional insult; a slight;
    • (v.) to insult to one's face; to face in defiance , confront
    • S: offense, offend
    • A: compliment, praise
  3. Canard
    • (n.) a false rumor, fabricated story
    • S: Hoax
  4. captious
    • (adj.) excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse, or show up
    • S: faultfinding, carping
    • A: uncritical
  5. cognizant
    • (adj.) aware, knowledgeable, informed; having jurisdiction
    • S: acquainted, 
    • A: unaware, unconscious, oblivious
  6. contrite
    • (adj.) regretful for some misdeed or sin; plagued by a sense of guilt; thoroughly penitent
    • S: remorseful, rueful
    • A: unapologetic, impenitent
  7. cynosure
    • (n.) the center of attraction, attention, or interest; something that serves to guide or direct
    • S: focus
  8. decorous
    • (adj.) well behaved, dignified, socially proper
    • S: seemly, becoming, tasteful
    • A: unbecoming, improper, tasteless
  9. deign
    • (v.) to think it appropriate or suitable to one's dignity to do something; to condescend
    • S: deem
  10. desiccated
    • (adj.) thoroughly dried out; arid and uninteresting; divested of spirit or vitality
    • S: dehydrated, shriveled
    • A: sodden, waterlogged, drenched
  11. efficacy
    • (n.) the power to produce a desired result
    • S: effectiveness, potency, reliability
    • A: impotence
  12. engender
    • (v.) to bring into existence, give rise to, produce; to come into existence, assume form
    • S: generate, cause, form
    • A: stop, deter
  13. ethereal
    • (adj.) light, airy, delicate; highly refined; suggesting what is heavenly (not earthbound)
    • S: heavenly, celestial, gossamer
    • A: infernal, hellish, thick, heavy
  14. facade
    • (n.) the front of a building; a surface appearance
    • S: exterior, surface, mask
    • A: interior
  15. ghoulish
    • (adj.) revolting in an unnatural or morbid way; suggestive of someone who robs graves or preys on the dead. 
    • S: barbarous, monstrous
  16. incongruous
    • (adj.) not in keeping, unsuitable, incompatible
    • S: discordant
    • A: compatible, harmonious, consistent
  17. machination
    • (n.) a crafty, scheming, or underhanded action designed to accomplish some (usually evil) end
    • S: plot, maneuver
  18. mesmerize
    (v.) to hypnotize, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch
  19. opprobrium
    • (n.) disgrace arising from shameful conduct; contempt, reproach
    • S: infamy, dishonor, odium
    • A: acclaim, honor, glory, renown
  20. putative
    • (adj.) generally regarded as such; reputed; inferred, hypothesized 
    • S: supposed, presumed
    • A: corroborated, confirmed
  21. Beatific
    • (adj.) blissful; rendering or making blessed
    • S: rapturous, ecstatic
    • A: disconsolate, dejected, doleful
  22. behemoth
    • (n.) a creature of enormous size, power, or appearance
    • S: whale, elephant, colossus
    • A: dwarf, pygmy, midget
  23. blandishment
    • (n.) anything designed to flatter or coax; sweet talk, apple-polishing
    • S: allurement, cajolery
    • A: intimidation
  24. cacophonous
    • (adj.) harsh-sounding, raucous, discordant, dissonant
    • A: harmonious, melodious, mellifluous
  25. chicanery
    • (n.) trickery, deceptive practices or tactics, double-dealing
    • A: fair dealing
  26. consign
    • (v.) to give over to another's care, charge, or control; to entrust, deliver; to set apart for a special use
    • S: remit, convey
  27. coup
    • (n.) a highly successful stroke, masterstroke, tour de force, act, plan, or stratagem; a sudden takeover of power or leadership
    • A: blunder, faux pas, gaffe
  28. euphemism
    (n.) a mild or inoffensive expression used in place of harsh or unpleasant one; a substitute
  29. febrile
    • (adj.) feverish; pertaining to or marked by fever; frenetic
    • A: leisurely
  30. gainsay
    • (v.) to deny, contradict, controvert; to dispute, oppose
    • A: confirm, corroborate, support, admit
  31. imminent
    • (adj.) about to happen, threatening
    • S: looming
    • A: distant, remote, faraway
  32. innate
    • (adj.) natural, inborn, inherent; built-in
    • S: congenital
    • A: learned, acquired, extrinsic, accidental
  33. loath
    • (adj.) unwilling, reluctant, disinclined
    • S: averse, indisposed
    • A: eager, inclined
  34. manifest
    • (adj.) clear, evident to the eyes or mind;
    • (v.) to show plainly, exhibit, evince;
    • (n.) a list of cargo and/or passengers
    • S: apparent, reveal, disclose
    • A: unrevealed, hidden, hide, conceal
  35. minutiae
    • (pl. n.) small or trivial details, trifling matters
    • S: trifles
    • A: essentials
  36. moratorium
    • (n.) a suspension of activity; an official waiting period; an authorized period of delay
    • S: postponement, stoppage
    • A: escalation
  37. nostrum
    • (n.) an alleged cure-all; a remedy or scheme of questionable effectiveness
    • S: elixir
  38. pariah
    • (n.) one who is rejected by a social group or organization
    • S: untouchable, persona non grata
  39. visionary
    • (adj.) not practical, lacking in realism; having the nature of a fantasy or dream;
    • (n.) one given to far fetched ideas; a dreamer or seer characterized by vision or foresight
    • S: Utopian, idealistic, impractical
    • A: practical
  40. Wizened
    • (adj.) dry, shrunken, and wrinkled (often as the result of aging)
    • S: withered, shriveled
    • A: bloated, distended
  41. amenity
    • (n.) that which is pleasant or agreeable
    • (pl.) attractive features, customs, etc.
    • A: unpleasantness, disagreeableness
  42. aperture
    • (n.) an opening, gap, hole; orifice
    • A: closure, blockage, occlusion
  43. dissidence
    • (n.) a difference of opinion; discontent
    • S: disagreement, disaffection 
    • A: harmony, concord
  44. epicurean
    • (adj.) devoted to the pursuit of pleasure; fond of good food;comfort and ease;
    • (n.) a person with discriminating taste
    • S: sybaritic, discriminating
    • A: ascetic, self-denying, abstemious
  45. improvident
    • (adj.) not thrifty, failing to plan ahead
    • S: prodigal, spendthrift, extravagant
    • A: frugal, economical, cautious
  46. iniquity
    • (n.) wickedness, sin; a grossly immoral act
    • S: evil, crime
    • A: probity, rectitude, uprightness
  47. inviolable
    • (adj.) sacred; of such a character that it might not be broken, injured, or profaned
    • S: unassailable
    • A: vulnerable, assailable
  48. mutable
    • (adj.) open to or capable of change; fickle
    • S: changeable, variable
    • A: changeless, steadfast, constant
  49. nascent
    • (adj.) just beginning to exist or develop; having just come into existence
    • S: incipient, embryonic
    • A: dying, moribund, senescent
  50. obeisance
    • (n.) a deep bow or other body movement indicating respect or submission; homage, deference
    • S: honor
    • A: disrespect, irreverence
  51. panegyric
    • (n.) formal or elaborate praise; a tribute
    • S: tribute, encomium, testimonial
    • A: tirade, philippic
  52. pillory
    • (n.) a device for publicly punishing offenders; a means for exposing one to public contempt or ridicule
    • (V.) to expose to public contempt or ridicule
    • A: extol, laud, acclaim
  53. pittance
    • (n.) a woefully meager allowance, wage, or portion
    • S: trifle
    • A: fortune
  54. presage
    • (v.) to foreshadow and point to a future event; to predict;
    • (n.) a warning or indication of the future
    • S: augur, foretell
  55. progeny
    • (n.) descendants, offspring, children, followers, disciples
    • S: issue, posterity
    • A: forbears, antecedents
  56. promulgate
    • (v.) to explain or issue officially; to make known far and wide
    • S; announce
    • A: withdraw, retract, abrogate, nullify
  57. rectitude
    • (n.) uprightness, righteousness; correctness
    • S: probity, integrity
    • A: iniquity, heinousness
  58. restive
    • (adj.) restless, hard to manage, balky
    • S: uneasy, recalcitrant
    • A:serene, unruffled, docile
  59. seraphic
    • (adj.) angelic, heavenly, celestial
    • S: cherubic
    • A: devilish
  60. subsist
    • (v.) to have existence; to remain alive, manage to make a living or maintain life; to persist or continue
    • S: last, sustain
Card Set
Unit 13-15
units 13-15