full length psychology

  1. korsakoff's syndrome
    confabulation: production of distorted memory without the intention to deceive
  2. what is the function of working memory
    • reasoning and comprehension
    • also known as episodic
  3. self effacing bias
    attributing success to external factors
  4. how would a humanist treat a patient
    focuses on self actualization, helping patients become more fulfilled i.e. processing and becoming aware of their emotions
  5. context effect
    better recall when at a place similar to the place where original learning took place
  6. false alarm
    incorrectly identifies a yes when a stimulus was not present i.e. track was not part of the train vocabulary
  7. when someone is a moderate supporter for a cause is presented with supporting and dissent views what will she do?
    belief perseverance, become a stronger supporter
  8. demand characteristics
    study participants are aware of hypothesis and changes behavior to match it
  9. if an individual believes that his destructive behavior will yield positive results from others, what personality theory does this support?
    • social cognitive is based on expectation of others (correct)
    • humanistic perspective is based on free will and how best to apply it
    • behaviorist is based on stimuli
  10. behavioral modeling
    participants consciously or unconsciously imitate the behavior or someone else (walk into a silent vs. conversational room)
  11. education reforms harms individuals because it is adaptive for some and maladaptive for others. what kind of perspective is this form?
    • functionalist
    • functionalism: institutions automatically alters themselves to create stability
    • conflict theory: institutions are used by capitalists to manipulate others
  12. cochlea
    • involved in pitch and intensity of sounds
    • semi circular canals deal with dizziness, poor balance and difficulty hearing
  13. maniac depressive disorder
    alternating between destructive behaviors and depression
  14. borderline personality disorder
    attention seeking and irritable when ignored
  15. schizophrenia
    isolation, social anxiety, and disorganized thought
  16. where would you see the lowest population in preindustrial to industrial society?
    in the beginning b/c t/o transition, population increases
  17. apparent movement
    not actual movement but illusion of perceived movement across empty space
  18. induced movement
    • perceived motion of one object due to the movement of another object
    • like when the moon seems to move behind clouds when it is the clouds that are moving
  19. when stationary lights are illuminated in succession
    • not real movement
    • apparent movement
  20. movement aftereffect
    • persistence of perception of motion in still objects after watching moving objects
    • the walls seem to bubble after watching spinning spiral for a few minutes
  21. in attentional blindness
    lack of attention; not associated with blindness
  22. change blindness
    when a change is introduced and the observer does not notice
  23. attentional blink
    a second stimulus cannot be perceived if it occurs close in time to the first
  24. regulatory gene
    involved in controlling the expression of one or more genes
  25. adaptive value of behaviors
    the combined influence of all characters which affect the fitness of individual or group
  26. conflict theory
    dissatisfaction based on inequality
  27. social constructionism
    • based on choices rather than judgments 
    • symbolic interactionism: how people act based on meaning and interpretation
  28. construct validity
    • the degree in which the study measures what it claims to measure
    • participants are only giving play money, no consequence, not measuring what it claims to measure, lacks construct validity
  29. catharsis
    • purging, providing relief from strong or repressed emotions
    • allowing the patient to express his feelings and share experiences
    • psychodynamic approach
  30. psychoanalytic approach to helping patient suffering from depression and pessimistic explanatory style
    uncovering the roots of pessimism
  31. token economy
    • giving tokens for completing tasks, behavioral modification based on systemic reinforcement
    • operant conditioning
  32. pessimistic explanatory style
    • makes assumptions about bad things that happen to him
    • all his fault (personal)
    • happen consistently (stable)
    • affect his entire life (global)
  33. dysthmia
    depressed mood for less than 2 years
  34. how are cultural symbols given meaning?
    • assigned meaning rather than having inherent meaning
    • lamarck more accurately describes culture with his "use or disuse" model
  35. meissner corpuscles
Card Set
full length psychology