MOHD3 Drugs Test 1

  1. Norethindrone
    • oral progestin
    • taken daily
  2. Copper IUD
    • Among most effective contraception
    • copper = spermicidal effect
    • Adverse effects: ectopic pregnancy, uterine perforation, cramps, menstrual pain
  3. Norgestrel
    • oral progestin
    • taken daily
    • Also used as postcoital contraceptive (2-4x dose)
  4. Medroxyprogesterone acetate
    • IM progesterone injection
    • 3 months
  5. Etonogestrel
    • SubQ implant
    • 3 years
  6. Progestins (adverse effects)
    • headaches
    • abnormal menstrual bleeding
    • decreased bone density (unique to medroxyprogesterone IM injections)
  7. Norethindrone and ethinyl estradiol
    • progestin + estrogen contraceptive agent
    • oral
    • 21days on, 7 days off
    • Adverse effects: nausea, headaches, cardiovascular effects (mostly in smokers 35 and older), decreased glucose tolerance, weight gain, hyperkalemia (unique to drospirenone)
  8. Ulipristal
    • Selective progesterone receptor modulator
    • more effective than norgestrel
    • oral, rx needed
    • drug of choice in emergency rooms
    • Acts as a progesterone receptor antagonist in granulosa cells
  9. Mifepristone
    • oral
    • Progesterone receptor antagonist
    • Induces abortion (if followed by oral prostaglandin E1)
    • glucocorticoid antagonist (can be used to treat Cushing's and DMII)
  10. Finasteride
    5alpha reductase inhibitor
  11. Dutasteride
    5alpha reductase inhibitor
  12. Flutamide
    Androgen receptor antagonist
  13. bicalutamide and nilutamide
    androgen receptor antagonists
  14. Ketoconazole, spironolactone, abiraterone
    inhibitor of steroid synthesis
  15. Gonadorelin
    • Synthetic GnRH
    • Can be used as agonist or antagonist (long-acting use)
    • Antagonist effect: surpasses gonadotropin secretion - treats endometriosis and dysmenorrhea in women
  16. Luprolide
    • Injectable GnRH agonist
    • Can be used as antagonist
  17. Cetrorelix
    • GnRH antagonist
    • injectable
Author
jboi
ID
317889
Card Set
MOHD3 Drugs Test 1
Description
Drug names and actions
Updated