Chapter 3 (Hinduism)

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  1. The word that means "illusion" is
    Maya
  2. The Vedas, the earliest Hindu Scripture
    reconcile innumerable gods as a single Ultimate
  3. The Hindu pantheon is said to include
    330 million gods
  4. A characteristic symbolic object associated with Krishna, indicative of the attractive power of the divine, is a
    flute
  5. A mantra is a
    short chant
  6. What animal is treated with special devotion and care by Hindus?
    Cow
  7. The term for the divine nature of each person is
    Atman
  8. The Vedic god of fire was
    Agni
  9. Which of the following IS NOT part of Natural Law or Rita?
    Everything in the universe in unrelated
  10. The oldest and most important of the Vedas is
    Rig Veda
  11. The Upanishads are
    about 100 written works that discuss the nature of spiritual reality
  12. Karma Yoga is
    doing your duty without desiring any reward
  13. The Bhagavad Gita is part of a long Indian epic poem called
    Mahabharata
  14. The prince who is counseled by Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita is
    Arjuna
  15. For Hindus, time
    is without beginning or end
  16. Bhakti means
    devotion to a god
  17. The god Rama is frequently paired with
    Sita
  18. The Vedic god of storm and war was
    Indra
  19. What god, ordinarily shown with the face of a monkey, is a
    Hanuman
  20. The North Indian Aryans were
    devotees of gods like Indra and Agni
  21. The modern Indian who used nonviolent means to help lead India to independence in 1947 was
    Mohandas Gandhi
  22. The religious practice of ordinary Hindus is primarily
    bhakti yoga or devotion to deities
  23. The law of moral cause-and-effect is called the law of
    karma
  24. A Hindu social class, sanctioned by religion, is called a
    caste
  25. Raja yoga is the yoga of
    meditation
  26. A brahmin is a
    priest
  27. This god is associated with destruction and rebirth
    Shiva
  28. A major city of the pre-Vedic culture of the Indus River Valley was
    Harappa
  29. Om is a well-known example of a
    Mantra
  30. What deity is often shown with dark blue skin?
    Krishna
  31. A guru is a
    spiritual guide
  32. Hindus believe the Devil
    doesn't exist
  33. In Hinduism, dharma refers to
    one's social duty
  34. The absolute or divine reality is known as
    Brahman
  35. If an elephant charges, a jnani devotee should
    get out of the way
  36. The city of India considered most sacred by the Hindus and Lord Shiva's favorite city is
    Benares (Kashi)
  37. In Hinduism, the dead body is disposed of by
    cremation
  38. The river that lies northwest of India is
    Indus
  39. Hinduism is the state religion of
    Nepal
  40. The goal of ultimate liberation from egotism and from rebirth is called
    Moksha
  41. Puja is
    devotional ritual
  42. Krishna is considered an incarnation of
    Vishnu
  43. The philosopher Shankar, described God as
    "neti, neti" ("not this, not that")
  44. The elephant-headed god who is the remover of obstacles is
    Ganesha
  45. The great warrior goddess of Hinduism is
    Durga
  46. Hinduism is
    • -the 3rd largest Religious tradition in the world
    • -the most inclusive major religious tradition¬†
    • -the most complex of the World's Religions¬†
    • (all of the above)
  47. India's population is one billion souls. How many are practicing Hindus?
    800,000,000
  48. The more traditional term for native religion in India is
    Sanatana Dharma
  49. Which of the following IS NOT one of the ten avatars of Vishnu?
    Viktor (Jack Russel Terrier)
  50. The goddess who sticks her tongue out and wears a garland of skulls and a belt of hacked limbs is
    Kali
  51. Mohandas Ghandi renamed the Dalit or Untouchables as
    Children of God
  52. The Hindu greeting "Namaste" or "Namaskar" means
    I bow to the divinity in you
  53. In the four stages of life, students and enunciates are
    to be celibate
  54. In the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna counsels Arjuna to
    go to war
  55. The Trimurti speaks of
    creation, preservation, and destruction
  56. Transcendentalism is the name for
    an American movement in literature that was influenced by Hinduism
  57. The three main sects of Hinduism are
    Shaktism, Shivaism, and Vaishnavism
  58. Four great religions which separated from Hinduism are
    Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism
  59. Haha yoga postures were originally designed to
    Help you sit in meditation comfortably for hours
  60. The primary place of worship for Hindus is
    in their own homes
  61. Nonviolence or non harm is
    Ahimsa
  62. A spiritual teacher who often has many followers is called a
    guru
  63. A spiritual discipline or practice for attaining union with the divine
    Yoga
  64. Such figures as Rama and Krishna are called __________, meaning the earthly embodiment of a deity
    avatar
  65. A spiritual community where devotees live and study is called a
    ashram
  66. Devotional practices to a deity or teacher fall under the heading of
    Bhakti
  67. The moral law of cause and effect that governs one's rebirth is called
    karma
  68. The great literacy work about Krishna that explains the fourth paths is
    Bhagavad Gita
  69. The state of complete inner peace emerging in the deepest meditation is called
    Samadhi
  70. The ancient scriptures of India are called the
    Vedas
  71. Hinduism has a(n) ___________ system with five main social classes
    caste
  72. The word yoga means
    spiritual discipline
  73. When linked together, Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva are often called
    Trimurti
  74. The everyday world of change and suffering leading to rebirth is
    samsara
  75. ______________ is liberation from personal limitation, egotism, and rebirth
    Moksha
  76. ____________ is the spiritual essences of the universe while, ____________ is a member of the priestly caste
    • Brahman
    • Brahmin
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Chapter 3 (Hinduism)
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Exam 1 (Hinduism and Buddhism)
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