International Intro

  1. Enforcement Mechanisms: State
    Retaliation, Reciprocity, Reputation
  2. Periods of International Law
    Classical System (1648-1918)
    Modern System (after WWII)
    • Classical System (1648-1918)
    • Peace of Westphalia (1648) after 30 years war
    • Boundaries adjusted
    • State: sovereign, equal, no right to interfere with internal affairs of States, collective security¬†
    • Focus on expanding boundaries of sovereignty
    • Sovereign State as the only subject of international law

    • Modern System (after WWII)
    • Attempt to organize international community for common good
    • Ban use of force except in self-defense Multiple actors in international law
  3. Sovereignty (naturlaist v. positivist)
    • Naturalist Perspective: there are universal principals of justice which States are bound without consent
    • Positivist Perspective: law is man-made, there is no higher authority, States are bound only if they consent
  4. Influence of World Wars (Before, WWI, WWII)
    • Up to WWI
    • Colonialism, imperialism, right on humanitarian intervention, no ban on use of force

    • WWI
    • League of Nations:¬†
    • Disarmament, collective security
    • No outright ban on use of force (3 moth cooling off period)
    • Permanent Court of Justice: attempt to codify rules of international conduct & upheld by court

    • WWII
    • United Nations:¬†
    • Ban use of force except self-defense
    • Power to use economic, military sanctions on aggressor States
    • Protection and extension of dignity to people (telling States how to behave towards citizens
    • International Court of Justice
Card Set
International Intro
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