1. emotion
    constant feeling of pleasantness accompanied by biological acgtivation
  2. components of emotion
    cognitive, physiological, behavioral, emotion
  3. two dimensions of emotion are
    • arousal or intensity
    • positive/ negative qualities
  4. evolutionary psychologists suggest what about emotions
    humans fear people displaying angry faces which causes humans to focus attention and energize action to protect themselves so the species may survive
  5. what does the amygdala do
    • influence aggression and fear
    • interacts with hypothalamus
  6. what hemisphere of the brain is associated with positive emotions
    • left - positive
    • right - negative
  7. paul ekman
    • found six facial expressions universally recognized
    • surprise, fear, disgust, anger, happiness, sadness, and contempt
  8. what did Charles Darwin state
    facial expressions are inborn and universal
  9. what do cultural norms differ in regulating
    emotional expression
  10. William james
  11. james lang theory
    • we physically respond to stimuli, then we feel it
    • we can change feelings by changing behavior
  12. cannon bard theory
    • we react physically and emotionally at the same time
    • thalamus sends info simultaneously (relays sensory info to amygdala¬† and hypothalamus)
  13. opponent process theory
    • emotion disrupts homeostasis
    • emotions occur in pairs (pleasure- pain, fear-relief)
  14. Schachter -singer two factor theory
    if we feel aroused we will interpret emotion based on environmental cues
  15. cognitive- appraisal theory
  16. think before we act
  17. against cognitive- appraisal theory
    • evolutionary psychologists
    • ¬†feel before thinking
  18. stress
    how we respond to environmental threats and daily pressures
  19. stressors
    cause stress
  20. anxiety
    • can be effect of stress
    • person becomes scared of future
  21. how long must you have anxiety for it to be diagnosed
    six months
  22. seyles general adaption syndrome
    • Are you full of gas
    • three stages
    • alarm, resistance, exhaustion

    • gas
    • general adaption syndrom
  23. alarm stage
    body turns on sympathetic NS which activates adrenal glands and preapares for fight or flight
  24. resistance stage
    • temp, blood pressure, respiration remain high and hormones begin to rise
    • if problem isn't solved exhaustion may occur
  25. exhaustion
    • depletion of resources
    • decresed immunity
    • illness occurs
  26. stressful life events
    catastrophes, significant life changes, daily hassles
  27. type A personality
    high achievers, competitive, impatient, multitaksers
  28. Type B personality
    relaxed, clamer
  29. adaptive coping strategies
    remove stressor or allow us to better tolerate them
  30. maladaptive
    doesn't remove stressor and substitutes one stressor for another
  31. examples of adaptive strategy
    • problem solving
    • exercising
    • accepting problem
    • relaxation, visualization, meditation
  32. examples of maladaptive strategies
    • aggression
    • overeating
    • drugs
    • spending money
    • sleeping too much
    • defense mechinism
Card Set
notes 80-82