business ethics

  1. What is the subject matter of philosophy?
    What are the three major questions and the areas of philosophy to which they
    • what is real- metaphysics
    • what is knowledge-epistemology
    • what should i do- value theory- ethics
  2. - What are the two major questions of ethics?
    • what is right/wrong
    • how do i know if wrong
  3. What is the method of philosophy?
    How does this method differ from religion and science?
    Why use this method?
    • thinking and discussion 
    • Proofs --->reasons -->arguments
    • challenging commonly held beliefs
  4. What is an argument?
    How is an argument structured?
    comprised of one or more premise and a conclusion
  5. What is validity?
    Give an example of a valid argument

    What is invalidity?
    Give an example of an invalid argument
    • If the premises are true then the conclusion is 
    • Joe Torre has received a BC degree

    • No one can receive a BC degree unless they have paid tuition
    • Joe Torre has received a BC degree
    • Joe Torre paid tuition
    • Valid but not sound
  6. What is soundness?
    Give an example of an unsound argument

    What is unsoundness?
    Give an example of an unsound argument
    valid and premises are true
  7. What is morality, according to Rachels?
    Minimum conception of morality
    • conduct guided by reason 
    • Minimum conception of morality
    • 1 moral principles
    • 2 ethical reasoning
  8. What is the benefits argument with relation to Baby Theresa?
     Now that we know more about moral philosophy, what kind of argument is this
    (Kantian, Utilitarian, Virtue Ethicist, Relativist…)?
    • The benefits arguments- consequentialism 
    • If we can benefit someone without harming anyone else, we ought to 
    • Transplanting the organs would benefit other children without harming anyone 
    • Therefore we ought to transplant
  9. What is the argument that we should not use people as means with relation to Baby
    o What kind of argument is this?
    • The argument that we should not use people as means- Kantian- Deontology
    • Its wrong to use people merely as means to others ends
    • Taking Theresa's organs would be using her as a means
    • Therefore it shouldn't be done
  10. What is the argument from the wrongness of killing?
    o Evaluate this argument
    killing to save other lives?
  11. What is impartiality?
    o Does ethics need it? (Possible long answer question)
    not making yourself more important than anyone else.  Equality. Needed
  12. What is cultural relativism?
    o How does it differ from ethical universalism?
    • Different cultures have different moral codes
    • There are no universal truths 
    • Right Action: culturally approved action
  13. What are the negative consequences of accepting cultural relativism (hint: there are
    • You cant judge other cultures
    • you cant criticize  your own culture
    • there is no more progress
  14. - What is the cultural differences argument?
    o Is this argument valid? Sound?

    - List the five claims of cultural relativists?

    - Analyze the relationship between cultural relativism and tolerance. (This is a potential
    long answer question).
  15. What is ethical subjectivism?
  16. According to the simple subjectivism, what are we actually expressing when we say
    things like: “X is morally acceptable”, “X is right”, “X ought to be done” o What about:
    “X is morally unacceptable”, “X is wrong”, “X ought not to be done”
    you approve of x or x is right
  17. List the problems for simple subjectivism.
    Explain why disagreement causes a problem for simple subjectivism o Explain
    • implies that we are always right.
    • if s.s. is true no one could be wrong, there could be no disagreement. everyones is entitled to their opinion and it is not wrong
  18. What is emotivism?
    o According to emotivism, what are we actually expressing when we say “X is
    morally acceptable”...?
  19. How does emotivism distinguish between the different uses of language?
    How does this allow emotivism to avoid the problems faced by subjectivism?
  20. What are the problems for emotivism?
  21. Does Morality Depend on Religion?
  22. What is divine command theory?
  23. What is the ‘euthyphro’ problem? (potential long answer question) o What kind of
    dilemma does it present the divine command theorist?
    How could the divine command theorist respond to this dilemma? Evaluate the
  24. What are the three features of natural law theory?
    On the basis of these features, how does natural law theory define good and bad?
  25. List the problems for divine command theory.
  26. What is the is/ought distinction? (Hint: difference between descriptive and normative)
    (Potential long answer question)
Card Set
business ethics
ethics midterm