Ecology 4.2: Waste Removal and Recycling

  1. What is a material that can be harmful to human health or the environment if it is not properly disposed of?
    hazardous waste
  2. _______________________wastes are wastes that contain unstable atoms. These atoms can give off radiation that can cause cancer and/or other diseases.
  3. What are wastes that dissolve or eat through many materials? (Examples: nail polish or paint thinner)
    Corrosive wastes
  4. What kind of wastes catch fire easily and can begin burning at fairly low temperatures?
    Flammable wastes
  5. __________________is the process of helping the natural decomposition processes break down many forms of waste.
  6. When oil is refined to make gasoline and other petroleum products, solid materials called ___________ are left over.
  7. A ___________________substance is one that can be broken down and recycled by bacteria and other decomposers.
  8. A__________________holds municipal solid waste, construction debris, and some types of agricultural and industrial waste.
    sanitary landfill
  9. ____________________is the burning of solid wastes.
  10. The waste materials produced in homes, businesses, schools, and other places in a community are called___________________,
    municipal solid waste
  11. What are the 4 MAJOR categories or types of waste products?
    • 1.metal
    • 3.paper
    • 4.plastic
  12. What are the 4 main categories of HAZARDOUS wastes?
    • 1.toxic
    • 2.explosive
    • 3.flammable
    • 4.corrosive
  13. What are 3 safe METHODS to DISPOSE of hazardous wastes?
    • 1.burial in landfills
    • 2.incineration
    • 3.breakdown of living organisms or or storing liquid waste in deep rock layers
  14. What are the 3 ways people can help CONTROL the solid waste problem on earth?
    • The 3 "R's" :
    • reduce
    • reuse
    • recycle
  15. A place to contain waste to prevent it from polluting the surrounding land and water is called a ________________.
    sanitary landfill
  16. What does toxic mean?
  17. What can be recycled only a FEW times?
  18. Long-term exposure to a ______________can cause diseases such as cancer.
    hazardous waste
  19. What is made from sand, soda ash, and limestone mixed together and heated?
  20. Fleece jackets, carpeting, rugs and trash cans are made of this?
  21. What are some SHORT-TERM effects of exposure to hazardous wastes on human health?
    • cause irritation
    • breathing difficulties
    • internal bleeding
    • paralysis
    • coma
    • death
  22. What are some LONG-TERM effects of exposure to hazardous wastes on human health?
    • 1. Disease like cancer
    • 2.Death
  23. By creating a ______________________ people can reduce the amount of solid waste produced in the home.
    compost pile
  24. What things can be put into a compost pile?
    • grass clippings
    • leaves
    • sticks
    • branches
    • food scraps
  25. What are some types of FOOD scraps from your kitchen that can be put in a compost pile?
    • pieces of fruit
    • vegetables scraps
    • egg shells
    • coffee grounds
Card Set
Ecology 4.2: Waste Removal and Recycling
Waste Removal and Recycling