Chapter 5

  1. IT infrastructure technology is the set of physical devices required to operate the entire enterprise.
  2. Today, most system and application software is custom built by in-house programmers.
  3. Systems integration means ensuring the legacy systems work with new elements of the infrastructure.
  4. A mainframe is a type of legacy workstation.
  5. Client/server computing is the most widely used form of centralized processing.
  6. Application server software is responsible for locating and managing stored Web pages.
  7. Using an online storage service such as DropBox is a type of virtualization.
  8. In cloud computing, rapid elasticity refers to the ability of computing resources to be quickly altered to meet demand.
  9. A private cloud is operated by a single organization but may be managed by a third party and be located off premises.
  10. A computer language translation program is an example of system software.
  11. Hypertext markup language specifies how text, graphics, video, and sound are placed on a document.
  12. HTML5 is the latest evolution of HTML, and is designed to make it much easier to embed third-party add-ons, such as Flash animations, in web pages.
  13. Web services can exchange information between two different systems regardless of the operating system or programming languages on which the systems are based.
  14. XML is limited to describing how data should be presented in the form of Web pages; HTML can perform presentation, communication, and storage of data.
  15. The collection of Web services that are used to build a firm's software systems constitutes what is known as a service-oriented architecture.
  16. SaaS providers deliver and provide Web-based, remote access to storage.
  17. Allowing departments to make their own software and hardware purchases increases efficiency and minimizes the need for centralized support.
  18. Total cost of ownership components include costs for downtime, training, and support.
  19. One of the main benefits of moving to mobile business computing platforms is the dramatically lower costs of hardware.
  20. Software localization refers to the entire process of converting software to operate in a second language.
  21. In a(n) ________ computing model, companies use their own infrastructure for essential computing tasks and adopt public cloud computing for less critical operations or additional processing during peak business periods.
    hybrid cloud
  22. Software that manages the resources of the computer is called:
    system software.
  23. Software used to apply the computer to a specific task for an end user is called:
    application software.
  24. Software that organizes, manages, and processes business data, such as data concerned with inventory, customers, and vendors, is called:
    data management software.
  25. Legacy systems are still in use today because:
    they are too expensive to redesign.
  26. What would be a reason for using a workstation rather than a personal computer?
    When you need more powerful computational abilities
  27. Which of the following types of computer would you use to support a computer network?
  28. Which of the following types of computer is used for weather forecasting?
  29. Connecting geographically remote computers in a single network to create a "virtual supercomputer" is called:
    grid computing.
  30. The use of multiple computers linked by a communications network for processing is called:
    distributed processing.
  31. The business case for using grid computing involves all of the following except:
    centralized maintenance.
  32. In client/server computing, the client is:
    the computer that acts as the user point of entry.
  33. In a multitiered network:
    the work of the entire network is balanced over several levels of servers.
  34. A client computer networked to a server computer, with processing split between the two types of machines, is called a(n) ________ architecture.
    two-tiered client/server
  35. The primary storage technologies are:
    storage networks, magnetic tape, magnetic disk, and optical disk.
  36. Which of the following is a type of optical disk storage?
  37. Which of the following storage technology stores data sequentially?
    Magnetic tape
  38. A high-speed network dedicated to storage that connects different kinds of storage devices, such as tape libraries and disk arrays so they can be shared by multiple servers, best describes:
  39. What type of device gathers data and converts them into electronic form for use by the computer?
    Input device
  40. Which of the following devices collects data directly from the environment for input into a computer system?
  41. Which of the following is not a type of output device?
  42. Virtualization:
    can boost server utilization rates to 70% or higher.
  43. Which of the following statements is not true about cloud computing?
    It removes the concern about data and systems security for businesses.
  44. Purchasing computing power from a central computing service and paying only for the amount of computing power used is commonly referred to as:
    utility computing.
  45. ________ describes the practices and technologies used minimize the environmental effects of manufacturing and managing computing devices.
    ) Green computing
  46. An example of autonomic computing is:
    virus protection software that runs and updates itself automatically.
  47. An industry-wide effort to develop systems that can configure, optimize, tune, and heal themselves when broken, and protect themselves from outside intruders and self-destruction is called:
    autonomic computing.
  48. The interactive, multiuser operating system developed by Bell Laboratories in 1969 to be highly supportive of communications and networking is:
  49. Linux is:
    an example of open-source software.
  50. Linux plays a major role in supporting business information systems, and has garnered about ________ of the U.S. server market.
    25 percent
  51. Which of the following is not one of the most important programming languages for business?
  52. The toy manufacturer you work for wants to exchange data with a chain of toy stores in order to improve their distribution and speed to market. The toy stores use different software than your firm. Which of the following tools or technologies presents the best solution?
    Web services
  53. Apps:
    require the user to have an online connection.
  54. Microsoft Word is an example of:
    word-processing software.
  55. Linux:
    is a Windows-like operating system.
  56. Microsoft Excel is an example of:
    spreadsheet software.
  57. Which type of software provides more control over text and graphic placement in the layout of a page than word processing software?
    Desktop publishing software
  58. The main challenge coming to Microsoft's Office software suite will be:
    Web-based productivity software such as Google Apps.
  59. A software suite:
    includes full-featured versions of application software bundled as a unit.
  60. Running a Java program on a computer requires:
    a Java Virtual Machine to be installed on the computer.
  61. What is the foundation technology for Web services?
  62. A set of self-contained services that communicate with each other to create a working software application is called:
  63., which combines Google Maps with crime data for the city of Chicago, is an example of:
    a mashup.
  64. Software applications that combine different components of online software applications are referred to as:
  65. All of the following place strain on system capacity, except for:
    minimized response time for transaction processing.
  66. Which of the following refers to the ability of a computer, product, or system to expand to serve a larger number of users without breaking down?
  67. To analyze the direct and indirect costs and determine the actual cost of specific technology implementations, you would use a:
    total cost of ownership model.
  68. Translating software to different languages is commonly referred to as:
    software localization.
  69. In order to manage their relationship with an outsourcer or technology service provider, firms need a contract that includes a(n):
  70. In co-location, a firm:
    purchases and owns their Web server but locates the server in the physical facility of a hosting service.
  71. Which of the following is an open-source operating system designed for mobile devices?
  72. Nanotechnology uses individual atoms and molecules to create computer chips and other devices that are thousands of times smaller than current technologies permit.
  73. A(n) ________ allows users to interact with a computer by using several fingers to perform gestures without using a mouse or keyboard.
    multitouch interface
  74. A software package for a mainframe usually requires a programmer to install it.
  75. ________ is an operating system-independent, processor-independent, object-oriented programming language that has become a leading interactive programming environment for the Web.
  76. Web browsers are the primary interface for accessing the Internet.
  77. XML provides a standard format for data exchange, enabling Web services to pass data from one process to another.
  78. ________ is free software created and updated by a worldwide community of programmers.
    Open-source software
  79. You use ________ to predict when a computer hardware system becomes saturated.
    ) capacity planning
  80. An SaaS provider maintains a large Web server, or series of servers, and provides fee-paying subscribers with space to maintain their Web sites.
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Chapter 5