HEDU 2200 health assessment midterm exam

  1. What is an HRA
    Health Risk Assessment
  2. What are some guidelines for HRA
    Ethics:  data security, confidentiality, proper employee communication to explain the risks, informed consent from the participants

    Type of Feedback:  Give them a result and suggest a program. Give counseling or not
  3. What is fasting glucose
    • You do fasting glucose because you don't get an accurate reading if you have eaten because your blood sugar spikes when you eat.
    • You can assess for diabetes
    • Ideally it's below 100mg/DL (deciliter of blood) so between 70-100
    • 101-125 prediabetes
    • 125 diabetes
  4. What are triglycerides
    • The chemical form of fat in food and the body
    • Excess can lead to coronary heart disease
    • less than 150 is normal
    • greater than 200 mg/dL is high
    • Need them because body needs energy and gets it from fat. if you have too much fat you get blockages
  5. What is cholesterol
    Some is healthy because it's essential for the health of the bodies circulation system and production of key hormones
  6. HDL Cholesterol
    • High density level protein
    • Theses are to good ones they remove excess LDLs from arteries
    • If this one is low that is not good
    • less than 40 mg/dL is major risk factor
    • 40-60 mg/dL is good
  7. LDL cholesterol
    • low density level protein
    • too much LDL causes arteries to be blocked and can lead to coronary heart disease
    • less than 100 is optimal
    • greater than 160 mg/dL is high
  8. What are vital signs
    • Heart rate and blood pressure
    • heart rate is an indicator of heart functioning and physical fitness
    • blood pressure tells us the force of blood on your vessels as it 's being pumped through the body
  9. What is a glucometer and how do you use it
    • glucometer measures glucose. Can help us identify diabetes or keep diabetes in check
    • you calibrate the glucometer by inserting a test strip the way the arrow points
    • you prick the finger and wipe the first bit of blood off
    • you use the second blood after you squeeze the finger
    • glucometer reads the test strip
  10. what is normal resting heart rate RHR and when is the best time to calculate
    • 60-100 bpm
    • When you wake up
  11. What could it mean if you heart rate is very low
    it depends on if you feel fine or you don't feel good. if you feel fine it means you have an efficient heart rate. If you don't feel good it could mean dehydrated of other heart problems
  12. What could it mean if you heart rate is very high
    Your heart is not efficient it has to pump harder to get the blood through your body.  It is associated with increased risk of heart disease
  13. What is a healthy blood pressure range
  14. What could it mean if your blood pressure is very low
    It is only a problem if you have symptoms like dizziness or lightheadedness fainting or dehydration
  15. What is considered high blood pressure and what could it mean if your blood pressure is high
    140/90 which is hypertension which can weaken the arteries and cause ruptured arteries because it forces the left ventricle to work harder
  16. Explain what blood pressure is
    Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood on the blood vessels arteries.
  17. Why is blood pressure important for health
    it's critical for proper gas exchange between the capillaries and the tissue fluid.  It can tell if the blood is flowing smoothly through the arteries of if there are possible obstructions which could lead to health problems
  18. Why do we use the cuff to take blood pressure
    • because it partially blocks the blood flow which causes a vibration which is not otherwise audible.
    • Vibrations occur when the cuff pressure is higher than diastolic but less than systolic.
    • The higher number is systolic
  19. How do you interpret 134/76 as a blood pressure reading
    The pressure of the blood on the vessel walls when the heart is contracting is 134 millimeters of mercury and the pressure of the blood on the vessel walls when the heart is filling is 76 milimeters of mercury
  20. Why would you choose to conduct placatory Blood pressure over osculatory blood pressure
    • If you don't have a stethoscope
    • if the environment is too loud
  21. What is cardiorespiratory endurance
    the ability of the heart and lungs to deliver oxygen to the cells in support of prolonged physical activity
  22. Why does cardiorespiratory endurance matter
    • It can tell you if your heart and lungs are in good shape
    • You have faster recovery times between exercise sessions
    • decreased blood pressure and lipids
    •  increased ability to use oxygen during exercise
    • increase red blood cells
  23. What is the most common measure of Cardiorespiratory endurance
  24. What does VO2 max stand for
    • the maximum volume (v) of oxygen (o2) in milliliters that you can use in one minute per kilogram of body weight.
    • The maximum amount of oxygen that the body can use per minute of activity
  25. What is the difference between absolute and relative VO2max
    • Absolute VO2max does not consider a persons weight so is not as accurate as relative VO2max
    • Relative VO2max is measure in ml/kg/min - this one takes weight into account
  26. How do you calculate target heart rate
    • Max Heart rate MHR = 220 - age
    • RHR - you take it with pulse x 2 for 30 sec (usually given to you)
    • Intensity = percentage given to you
    • First you calculate your Heart Rate Reserve HRR = Max HR - RHR
    • Then you figure target heart rate
    • (HRR * percent) + RHR =
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HEDU 2200 health assessment midterm exam
health assessment midterm exam review