Developmentally oriented teachers approach classroom groups and individual students with a respect for their
Developmentally oriented teachers know that variance in the school performance of different children often results from differences in their
A child centered educational program will address the abilities and needs of the students because it takes its cues from students'
interests, concerns, and questions.
Making an educational program child-centered involves building on the
natural curiosity children bring to school and asking children what they want to learn.
Well-thought-out planning includes specifying
behavioral objectives, students' entry behavior, selecting and sequencing learning activities to move students from entry behavior to objective, and evaluating the outcomes of instruction to improve planning.
Planning is a multifaceted activity that includes
- Determining the order in which activities will be completed.
- Specification of the component parts of an activity (Including order, materials needed, students & teacher roles, time per activity, number of activities)
- Judgement of the appropriateness of an activity for a particular situation
- Specifications of the organization of the class for the activity.
What are some examples of items that hinder teachers from beginning instruction immediately?
- Settling down students
Shifts from one activity to another in a systematic academically oriented way is called,
Smoothly transitioning students in groups and clusters rather than one by one is called
Academic transition signals that indicate movement of the lesson from one topic or activity to another by indicating where the lesson is and where it is going is called
These type of interruptions happen when a teacher enforces rules and procedures to be followed by students who are tardy to classier do not have their supplies and so on,
What is it called when a teacher specifies rules of conduct, explains them, provides practice in their use, and consistently checks student conduct by the rules?
Rule explication and monitoring
What is it called when a teacher routinizes activities such as passing out papers, moving to get books, writing on the board, etc, and has materials prepared, procedures worked out and everything in order?
Environmental preferences such as lighting, noise level, and room temperature are factors that can affect students in various ways and are often directly related to
Individual leraning styles.
A clear statement of the planning that is needed to develop teacher's objectives that are in accordance with required standards is called
Effective lesson plans aid the teacher in preparing the lessons and provide the means for implementing
the instructional material
What should be included when writing the introduction portion of lesson plans?
- An outline which instructs the students what they will be learning.
- Elements which will spark the students' interest in the subject, motivating them to eagerly learn.
- It should flow smoothly and effortlessly into the body of the lesson.
What should the conclusion portion of lesson plans do?
Emphasize the main points of the lesson.
What should teachers do once a lesson has been completed?
Reflect on it, making notes of what to adapt and to evaluate for themselves if they feel the lesson achieved the objective.
According to Marshall Rosenberg, students can be categorized as:
How does Rosenberg describe the creative learner?
As an independent thinker, one who maximizes his/her abilities, can work alone, enjoys learning, and is self-critical.
What are some of the weaknesses found in textbooks?
- Lots of pictures and illustrations
- Avoidance of controversy in social studies textbooks
- Lack of emphasis on problem solving in science textbooks
What type of tests are usually found in textbooks? What do these tests not measure?
- Achievement tests
- The students' inherent ability or aptitude
What are some reasons that students may learn at different paces?
- Prior experiences
- Personal situations
What are teacher-led groups?
- Whole-class instruction such as lectures or mini-lessons.
- Small-group instruction such as guided reading.
- Teacher-directed activities such a workshops.
What are student groups?
- Collaborative groups such as circle sharing
- Performance-based groups such as group study or interviews
- Student dyads (pair work) such as "think, pair, share"
This program of study, describes a movement toward integrated lessons that enables students to make connections across curricula.
Characteristics of integrated curriculum:
- A combination of subjects
- An emphasis on projects
- Sources that go beyond textbooks
- Relationships among concepts
- Thematic units as organizing principles
- Flexible schedules
- Flexible student groupings
This type of curriculum views learning and teaching in a holistic way and reflects the real world, which is interactive.
Play is a very important part of human development which helps to teach
- Basic values such as sharing and cooperation
- That taking care of oneself is good for human beings and further creates a more enjoyable society
The stages of play development move from what (in infancy) to what (in early childhood)?
Solitary to cooperative