History 2B Test 1

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  1. Mesopotamian Governor and King under city-state
  2. Mesopotamian writing
    • Cuneiform
    • Written in mud that would harden
  3. Mesopotamian Temples
    • Ziggurats
    • Religious structures built reaching towards the sky and the Gods
  4. Sumerian Law
    • Lex Taliones
    • The law of the Talon
    • Shows inequality before the law and the disparity between the upper and lower classes

    Hammurabis Law Code
  5. Mesopotamian Literature
    Enuma Elish - The Creation Story

    The Epic of Gilgamesh
  6. Mesopotamian Successive Empires
    Apples Grow Sour as Knowledge Also Changes People

    • Akkadians
    • Guti
    • Sumerian Revival
    • Amorites / Babylonians
    • Kassites
    • Assyrians
    • Chaldeans
    • Persians
  7. Mesopotamian Gods
    • Enlil - Chief God (Male)
    • Ishtar - Fertility Goddess (Female)
  8. Mesopotamian Afterlife
    Sheol -afterlife

    It was denigrated not celebrated
  9. Hittites
    Mesopotamian neighbors located in Asia Minor

    Capital Hattusas

    New Weaponry - Smelted Iron
  10. Volkerwanderung (1300BC)
    • Time of the wondering people
    • Hittites
    • Causes- Geological upheaval - Earthquakes?
    • Climactic Disturbances - Flooding?
  11. Phoenicians
    • Maritime economy with trade of
    • Cedar wood
    • Glass
    • Olive Oil

    • Colonial Empire
    • Spread of the Alphabet
  12. Ancient Israel Origins
    • Mesopotamian Origin of Abraham
    • 1900 BC born during the Sumerian rvival

    Father of all Nations - Issac, Jacob, and the 12 Tribes of Israel all from Ur.
  13. King David
    • ruled 970-930 Most loved of the two
    • He followed closer to the religious values
  14. King Solomon
    • Ruler of Israel after Father David
    • Gained Great political strength - married 700 royal wives (gaining political ties) had 300 concubines - not following religious values
    • Created the Temple of Solomon
  15. How Israel was Divided after Solomon
    • Judah in the South 10 tribes
    • Israel in the North 2 tribes
  16. Fate of Judah and Israel
    Fall to the Assyrians under Sargon II 722 BC

    • Judah overrun by the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar II 586 BC
    •       Destroy Temple of Solomon

    Will return to Homeland under the Persians and rebuild Temple of Solomon

    • Greek Conquest of Jerusalem
    •         Alexander the Great 332 BC
  17. Rome and the Diaspora
    • Roman Hegemony and Diaspora
    •  Conquest of Jerusalem 63 AD
    • Jewish Revolt causes the Romans to destroy the 2nd Temple of Solemon
    • Forced exile or death for Jews
  18. Contributions of Judaism
    • Monotheism - belief in one God
    • Fatherhood of God
    • Sin and Moral Agency
    • Idea of a Messiah - political savior and messiah movements
    • Jewish Scriptures and wisdom literature - Proverbs
  19. Old Kingdom
    • 3100-2181 BC
    • Upper and Lower Egypt
  20. The Nile
    • Longest river in the world flows south to north
    • Represents everything and life to the Egyptians
  21. How did upper and lower Egypt become united
    Under Narmer founds the 1st dynasty and divides Egypt into provinces
  22. Nomarchs
    Egypt is divided into provinces and ruled by provincial governors called Nomarchs
  23. First Pyramids
    • Giza
    • Cheops
    • Kheferen
    • Mycerians
  24. Religion
    • Polytheistic and Mythopoetic
    • Believe in many gods and stories
  25. Pharaoh
    Divine Kingship - pharaoh runs church and state as one
Card Set
History 2B Test 1
Mesopotamia, Ancient Israel, Ancient Egypt, Ancient India Ancient China
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