Jewish History Quiz

  1. Who was Abraham and who was he married to?
    • Patriarch, married to Sarah
    • Covenant - make a great nation from his descendants
    • Sarah has Isaac in old age
  2. Who was Isaac and who was he married to?
    • Patriarch, married to Rebekah
    • son of Abraham & Sarah
    • Akidah
  3. Who was Jacob and who was he married to?
    • Patriarch, son of Isaac & Rebekah
    • married to (Leah) and Rachel
    • worked for Laban for both wives;
    • tricked into marrying Leah first
    • had 12 sons = 12 tribes
    • aka Israel
  4. Who was the 11th son?

    What happened to him?
    • Joseph
    • sold into slavery
    • ended up in the court of Pharoah
  5. When is the age of the Patriarchs?

    What was established?
    • 1750 - 1400 BCE
    • circumcision mark of the covenant
    • chosen people
    • monotheism
  6. Who was Moses?
    • baby in the basket, raised in the court
    • prophet
    • "leads" Israel out of slavery in Egypt
    • Mt. Sinai - 10 words (Torah)
  7. Who was Miriam?
    • poet, musician (oral history)
    • Moses' sister
    • gift of bringing water out of stone
  8. Who was Aaron?
    • brother to Moses
    • spokesperson
    • facilitated golden calf incident
    • first priest
  9. What is the date of the Exodus?
    1200 BCE
  10. When was the Conquest and Settlement? 

    What was it?
    1200 - 1020 BCE

    establishment in Canaan (promised land)
  11. What is the date of the UNITED KINGDOM?

    What was it?
    1020 - 928 BCE

    golden age of Israel
  12. When was the golden age of the Israelites?
    The United Kingdom, 1020 - 928 BCE
  13. Who were the kings in the United Kingdom?


  14. Who is Solomon?
    • David's son
    • king of Israel
    • 700 wives, 300 concubines
    • caused instability politically & religiously
    • built the Temple
  15. Who was David?
    • King of Israel
    • defeated Goliath
    • major bromance with Jonathan
    • committed adultery with Bathsheba, murdered her husband
  16. When was the Divided Kingdom?

    Why is it significant?
    928 - 586 BCE

    Solomon's son wasn't too bright and caused the nation to be over-run by Assyrians

    10 northern tribes into exile

    Joseph & Manasseh = the remnant
  17. When was the Babylonian Exile?

    Why is it significant?
    586 - 538 BCE

    Babylon wants the land bridge

    the educated/leaders get exiled to Babylon

    • Genesis possibly written during this exile in order to answer:
    • 1. Who are we?
    • 2. How do we stay different in exile?
  18. When was the Syrian Empire and who was in charge?
    550-ish - 530 BCE

    • took over Babylon
    • Cyrus the Great
    • let Israelites return home
  19. When was the Restoration Community?

    What was significant about it?
    536 - 531 BCE

    • reclaim the land
    • rebuilt Temple (2nd Temple)
    • reestablish homeland/city/communities
  20. When were the Ptolemies & Seleucids?

    Why are they significant?
    331 - 140 BCE

    • Israel overtaken by Alexander the Great (Macedonian)
    • put Seleucids (Greeks) to rule over Israel
    • outlawed Judaism
    • put Zeus in the Temple
  21. What was the only successful Jewish revolt?
    Hasmonean Revolt = Maccabees, Hanukkah story
  22. When was the Hasmonean Rule?
    140 - 63 BCE
  23. When was the Roman Rule?

    What was significant about it?
    63 BCE - 600 CE

    • destruction of the 2nd Temple in 70 CE
    • response to Jewish revolt (Bar Kochbah)
  24. Who is Bar Kochbah?
    thought to be a military-type messiah, led a failed revolt resulting in the destruction of the 2nd Temple and Jews being exiled
  25. What are the countries of the Diaspora after the destruction of the Temple?
    • North Africa
    • Europe
    • Persia
    • Egypt
  26. What are the two types of post-Exilic Judaism?
    Hellenistic Judaism

    Rabbinic (or Talmudic) Judaism
  27. Describe Hellenistic Judaism
    • Jewish/Greek philosophical thought
    • God = mind of the universe
    • lovingkindness = temple sacrifices
    • prevalent in Alexandria, Rome, Athens, Croatia
    • had heavy influence on Xty
  28. Describe Rabbinic Judaism
    • Study of Torah + observing the Law = temple sacrifices
    • rabbis replace priests; interpreters of the Law
    • keep the 613 to maintain distinction/difference; purity laws, social cohesion
  29. What is the order of Empires overtaking Israel?
    • Egyptians - 13th century
    • Assyrians - 10th century
    • Babylonians - 6th century
    • Macedonians - 4th century
    • Romans - 1st century
  30. What is the Talmud?

    What are its two parts?
    • Talmud - commentary on Torah
    • consists of the Mishnah (commentary on Torah, 200 BCE - 200 CE) and the Gemara (commentary on the commentary, 400 CE - 500 CE)
  31. Who is Yohanan ben Zakkai?
    Important Jewish sage in the era of the Second Temple, and a primary contributor to the core text of Rabbinical Judaism, the Mishnah
  32. Who is Justin Martyr?

    Why is he significant?
    Early Xtian Father, 135 CE

    • wrote first statement against the Jews
    • that Jews should be punished for rejecting XP
    • they cannot be the chosen people
    • guilty of killing XP
  33. What is the Torah?

    What is the Tanakh?
    Torah - 5 books of Moses, Pentateuch

    Tanakh = Torah, Nevi'im, Ketuvim (Torah, writings, prophets)
  34. Who is John Chrysostom?

    Why is he significant?
    • Early Xtian Father, 334 CE - 407 CE)
    • very anti-semitic
    • no Xtian should attend synagogue or go near a Jew
    • made statements against Jewish practice as a perversion
    • Jews are XP killers, demonic, orgies in the synagogues
  35. When and what were the legal codes that spread across Europe concerning Jews?
    • 483 - 565 CE
    • Byzantium Justinian Law
    • Jews are not full members of society
    • Cannot own property, 
    • practice law or hold public office,
    • testify in court,
    • read Torah publicly.
    • It is OK to kill a Jew if they deny the resurrection of XP
  36. What was the later addition(s) to the legal codes?

    Why is this significant?
    A Jew could not be a member of a trade guild.

    • Jews were greatly restricted in vocation - basically could only be bankers or tax collectors.
    • Sometimes they were physicians or historians as well.
  37. Why are the Crusades significant to Jewish history?
    in preparation of arriving in the Holy Land, crusaders would practice on Jewish villages on the way, killing Jews
  38. What is Host Desecration?
    Jews were accused of stealing communion wafers from churches; common belief was that Jews stole into churches to stab wavers with knives (symbolic of killing XP repeatedly)
  39. What is Blood Libel?
    Xtians believed that Jews killed XP, therefore were accused of kidnapping, torturing and killing boys and using their blood to make their matzah.
  40. Why is Martin Luther significant to Jewish history?
    • ML wrote two treatise concerning the Jews:
    • 1. he felt that they should be respected and welcomed into Protestantism (1523)
    • 2. when they weren't converting due to the reformation, he got discouraged and wrote "The Jews and their Lies." 
    • 3. Unfortunately, Hitler used this second writing to justify his 'final solution'
  41. When is the Spanish Golden Age?

    Why is it significant?
    • 711 - 1360 CE
    • Jews were accepted in Spain under the rule of the Moors - "dhimmi status" protected
    • Jews prospered as bankers and tax collectors until Spanish Monarchs converted to Xty in 1370s
  42. What is a converso (marrano)?
    • The name for a Jewish person who converted (forced) to Xty in Spain under the Xtian monarchy
    • marrano - derogatory term for converso
  43. When and what is Limpieza de Sangre?
    • c. 1440s
    • a concern about blood cleansing, blood purity (or rather not having Jewish blood)

    a result of questioning whether or not conversos actually converted or just did it to survive (and were secretly still Jewish)
  44. When and what is the Spanish Inquisition?
    1480s - 1490s

    • Questioning (through torture) those of Jewish descent (and others) about their conversion and religious beliefs
    • restricted conversos and those in mixed families
  45. What and when was the Spanish Exile?
    • 1492
    • Jews exiled from Spain
    • emigrated from Spain to Amsterdam where they became bankers and merchants
    • some emigrated from Amsterdam to New Amsterdam (New York)
  46. Identify four key persons/events in regards to EXILE AND DIASPORA
    • Egypt
    • Assyrian Empire
    • Babylonia
    • Macedonia
    • Rome
  47. Identify four key people/events in regards to the theme of UNDERDOG
    • Joseph (young son sold to slavery --> Pharaoh's court
    • the Exodus (slaves --> delivered by God)
    • David (simple shepherd --> king)
    • The Jews always being expelled from European communities
  48. Identify four key people/events in regards to the theme of anti-semitism
    • Byzantium Justinian Law Code
    • restriction from merchant guilds
    • accused of horrific lies (such as killing children)
    • accused of killing XP b/c of their denial of Jesus being a/the messiah
  49. Identify four key people/events in regards to the theme of CHOSEN
    they are chosen people according to covenant despite being the underdogthey were given the 'promised land' of milk & honey
Card Set
Jewish History Quiz
Jewish History Quiz