Skill 2 - FTCE Developmental Knowledge

  1. According to Piaget, what is the first stage of how humans learn and what do they learn?
    Sensorimotor stage - Children begin to understand their senses.
  2. According to Piaget, what is the third stage of how humans learn and what do they learn?
    Concrete Operational Stage - How to manipulate symbols, objects, and other elements.
  3. According to Piaget, what is the fourth stage of how humans learn and what do they learn?
    Formal Operational Stage - Critical thinking, hypotheses, systematic organization of knowledge, and so on.
  4. What was the goal of Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy?
    To motivate teachers to teach at all levels of critical thinking, not just the most common level.
  5. Lawrence Kohlberg outlined what is known as
    Kohlberg's stages of moral development
  6. What are the 3 levels of moral development as laid out by Kohlberg?
    • Pre-conventional
    • Conventional
    • Post Conventional
  7. In this curriculum model there are one or two uninterrupted three-hour work periods where children are engaged in working at centers in mixed-age groups.
    Montessori Method
  8. The focus of this curriculum model is on constant interaction, problem solving, and socialization. The children are constantly challenged and not bored.
    Montessori method
  9. This type of curriculum focuses on thematic units as a way to teach young learners. Concepts are integrated across all subject areas. Students are engaged and able to reflect on the information in various cross curricular ways.
    Creative curriculum
  10. In this type of curriculum, the teacher is seen as a facilitator of learning, while children are actively engaged in their own problem-solving and discoveries.
    High/ scope curriculum
  11. What are conceptual frameworks that are structurally organized to impact and inform educational decision-making and policy direction?
    Curriculum models
  12. What is the goal of curriculum models?
    To provide consistency in instruction and create evaluation criteria for uniformity in programs.
  13. What strategies should be used in the design and implementation of effective curriculum models?
    • - Diversified lesson concepts 
    • - Differentiated instruction 
    • - Best practices and instructional approaches.
    • - Enhanced curriculum design  
    • - Portfolio of evaluation assessments 
    • - Reading and writing level testing 
    • - Worldwide application
  14. No matter how little English a student knows, the teacher should teach with what in mind?
    The student's developmental level
  15. Many ESOL approaches are based on
    social learning methods.
  16. What level groups and pairing works best in order for ESOL students to practice English in a natural, nonthreatening environment?
    Mixed-level groups and pairing with a student from another ability level.
  17. This law ensures that all children with disabilities and their families receive the help and support they need.
    IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act)
  18. This law governs how states and public agencies can provide intervention services and how schools can provide special education services for these children.
    IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act)
  19. A comprehensive professional organization for effectively preparing teachers and educators for reading instruction.
    International Reading Association (IRA)
  20. Their position statement is a collaborative one that extends its vision and mission of educational development for students into the global community.
    Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI)
  21. Their focus is improving and developing programs and services for children from both through age eight. They have a governing board that deals with educational issues relevant to childhood education policy and practices.
    National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)
  22. Their governing position directly impacts educational decision-making of administrators, teachers, and other professional staff in school communities.
    National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
  23. The principal positions for the NCTM are governed under what six overarching themes impacting mathematics standards for PK - 12?
    • Equity
    • Curriculum 
    • Teaching
    • Learning
    • Assessment
    • Technology
  24. This association believes that literacy is collaborative and inclusive of all stakeholders in a young child's life: parents, teachers; invested adults, and neighborhood communities.
    Southern Early Childhood Association
  25. What instruction trend will seek to connect all students to the subject matter through multiple techniques, with the goal that each student, through his or her own abilities, will relate to one or more techniques and excel in the learning process?
    Differentiated Instruction
  26. Differentiated instruction encompasses what three areas? And briefly describe them.
    • Content - What the teacher wants the students to learn.
    • Process - Classroom management
    • Product - The exceptions and requirements placed on students
  27. An assessment in which students create an answer or a response to a question or task.
    Alternative assessment
  28. What are some of the characteristics that an alternative assessment approach will exhibit?
    • Higher-order thinking and problem-solving.
    • Self-reflection and self-assessment.
    • Real-world applications 
    • Opportunities for students to learn and examine subjects on their own and with peers.
    • Encourages students to continuing learning beyond the requirements of the assignment.
    • Clearly defines objective and performance goals.
  29. Performance based learning in which students are actively involved in the learning process and in the construction of new knowledge.
    Inquiry-based learning
  30. In this learning format, students are shown how to apply mathematical learning and are actively involved in real-life application of newly constructed knowledge.
    Inquiry-based learning
  31. What are some activities that teachers can use in elementary classrooms to develop character and ethical responsibility?
    • Artistic designs to help students think about everyday ethical dilemmas 
    • Ethical journals in which students keep a record of daily school experiences
    • Cooperative team activities to build character education, such as role-playing school dilemmas and outcomes
    • Assessments that provide students with scenarios to evaluate and apply solutions in ethical dilemmas and character education issues
    • Classroom discussions on student-centered ethical issues
Card Set
Skill 2 - FTCE Developmental Knowledge
FTCE Developmental Knowledge Skill 2