Smeltzer & Bare Definitions

  1. Advanced Practice Nurse (APN): Ch.1
    a title which encompasses the nurse practitioners (NPs), clinical nurse specialists (CNSs), certified nurse midwives (CNMs) and certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs).
  2. Collaborative practice model: Ch. 1
    involves nurses, physicians, and ancillary health personnel functioning within a decentralized organizational structure and collaboratively making clinical decisions.
  3. Community-oriented nursing practice: Ch.1
    nursing intervention that promotes wellness, reduces the spread of illness, and improves the health status of groups of citizens or the community at large with emphasis on primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.
  4. Continuous quality improvement (CQI): Ch.1
    the ongoing examination of processes used to provide care, with the aim of improving quality by assessing and improving those processes that might improve patient care outcomes and patient satisfaction.
  5. Health–illness continuum: Ch. 1
    description of a person’s health status as a range with anchors that include poor health or imminent death on one end of the continuum to high level wellness on the other end.
  6. community-based nursing: Ch. 2
    nursing care of individuals and families that is designed to (1) promote and maintain health and (2) prevent disease. It is provided as patients transition through the health care system to health related services outside of the hospital setting
  7. primary prevention: Ch. 2
    health care delivery focused on health promotion and prevention of illness or disease
  8. secondary prevention: Ch. 2
    health care delivery centered on health maintenance and aimed at early detection of disease, with prompt intervention to prevent or minimize loss of function and independence
  9. tertiary prevention: Ch. 2
    • health care delivery focused on minimizing
    • deterioration associated with disease and improving quality of life through rehabilitation measures
  10. Assessment: Ch. 3
    The systematic collection of data to determine the patient's health status and any actual or potential health problems
  11. collaborative problems: Ch. 3
    specific pathophysiologic manifestations that nurses monitor to detect onset or changes in status
  12. critical thinking: Ch. 3
    a process of insightful thinking that utilizes multiple dimensions of one's cognition to develop conclusions, solutions and alternatives that are appropriate for the given situation.
  13. deontologic or formalist theory: Ch. 3
    an ethical theory maintaining that ethical standards or principles exist independently of the ends or consequences
  14. Ethics: Ch. 3
    the formal, systematic study of moral beliefs
  15. evaluation: Ch. 3
    determination of the patient's responses to the nursing interventions and the extent to which the outcomes have been achieved.
  16. what is implementation: Ch. 3
    actualization or carrying out of the plan of care through nursing interventions.
  17. What is a moral dilemma? Ch. 3
    a situation in which a clear conflict exists between two or more moral principles or competing moral claims
  18. what is moral distress? Ch. 3
    a conflict that arises within oneself when a person is aware of the correct course of action but institutional constraints stand in the way of pursuing the correct action
  19. What is a moral problem? Ch. 3
    competing moral claim or principle; one claim or principle is clearly dominant.
  20. what is moral uncertainty? Ch. 3
    a conflict that arises within a person when he or she cannot accurately define what the moral situation is or what moral principles apply but has a strong feeling that something is not right.
  21. What is morality? Ch. 3
    the adherence to informal personal values.
  22. what are nursing diagnoses? Ch. 3
    actual or potential health problems that can be managed by independent nursing interventions.
  23. What is the nursing process? Ch. 3
    a deliberate problem-solving approach for meeting peoples health care and nursing needs; common components are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation.
  24. what is planning? Ch. 3
    development of goals and outcomes, as well as a plan of care designed to assist the patient in resolving the diagnosed problems and achieving the identified goals and desired outcomes.
  25. What is the teleologic theory or  consequentialism? Ch. 3
    the theoretical basis of ethics, which focuses on the ends or consequences of actions, such as utilitarianism.
  26. What is utilitarianism? Ch. 3
    a teleologic theory of ethics based on the concept of "the greatest good for the greatest number."
  27. What is adherence? Ch. 4
    the process of faithfully following guidelines or directions.
Card Set
Smeltzer & Bare Definitions
Key Terms