GI2- LA Nutrition

  1. When is the transition period?
    last 3 weeks of pregnancy and first 3 weeks of lactation
  2. 3 main periparturient cow disorders [gateway conditions].
    ruminal acidosis, subclinical ketosis, hypocalcemia
  3. 5 specific diseases that occur in the periparturient period.
    RFM/metritis, DA, lameness, impaired immune function, reproductive dysfunction
  4. Alfalfa hay is a source of __(2)__; if it's fertilized with _________, it may have too much _______.
    protein and Ca2+; manure; K+
  5. K+ excess in alfalfa results in ___________.
  6. Slug feeding of grain leads to... (5)
    rumen acidosis--> indigestion, liver abscesses, abomasal ulcers, laminitis
  7. Dry cow nutrition and feeding management should optimize nutrient intake of... (3)
    energy, protein, vitamins/minerals
  8. Energy balance during _________ is key to animal health and production; energy balance should be kept _________ to prevent disease.
    transition period; as close to neutral (NOT negative energy balance)
  9. Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism is a result of...
    deficient Ca2+, Vit D or excess Ph, oxalates
  10. Elevated dietary Ph ________ intestinal Ca2+ absorption, __________ of soft tissues, _________ serum PTH, and __________ activation of Vit D.
    decreases; mineralization; increased; decreased
  11. Dietary Ca:P < 1:3 causes __________ in horses.
    Bran Disease (bone loss, replacement with unmineralized connective tissue, facial enlargement, lameness/weakness)
  12. Don't feed _________ to camelids because it causes bloat.
    alfalfa hay
  13. What can you add to the camelid diet to increase Ca2+ intake?
    ground limestone- CaCO3, beet pulp w/ molasses
Card Set
GI2- LA Nutrition
vetmed GI2