The distance north or south of the Equator (AKA parallels)
the study of the ways of life of early peoples by examining their physical remains
the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian (AKA meridians)
- **HINT: Remember that longitude is long.
tools and skills people use to meet their basic needs
- **HINT: you need your cell phone, you need your iPod...examples of technology!
objects made by people
Relative location is a term used to indicate...
- where one place is located in relation to another
- **HINT: if you're in a mall and you ask where Victoria's Secret is, the cashier is not going to tell you a latitude and longitude or a store number. She's going to tell you it's downstairs between Aldo and Express. See? Relative location.
Archaeologists refer to the period of time before people invented a writing system as...
- **HINT: Remember, since they didn't have writing systems, they couldn't write their history down. It was literally before history.
List the five themes of geography.
- 1) Place
- 2) Region
- 3) Interaction
- 4) Location
- 5) Movement
- **HINT: Remember PRILM.
study of the origins and development of people and their societies
- **HINT: Remember anthro= Greek for "man"
way of life of a society that is handed down from one generation to the next by learning and experience
study of people, their environments, and their resources
- **HINT: geo=earth
a person who studies how people lived in the past
- **HINT: Remember history=past, historian=person who studies history
- On the Christian calendar, Anno Domini (literally "year of the Lord")
- **HINT: this is used for years after the year that we believe Christ died, so remember AD=After Death
shown by an address or a latitude/longitude coordinate
Absolute or Specific location
how people have been changed by their environment
- Before the Common Era (an atheist way of saying BC)
- **HINT: BC and BCE both mean basically the same thing, they both refer to the same time period
- Common Era (atheist way to say AD)
- **HINT: BCE is longer than CE, therefore it was a longer time before now. Plus CE is now.
- **for anyone in Mrs. Zurliene's period 6 English class, you better know this...
hardened remains of life forms
served by a particular service,
ex St. Rose is served by St. Rose Fire Department
- study of earth science and crust
- **HINT: again, remember geo=earth
grouped together in general terms
loosely defined region
defined by government or physical characteristics
ex the US has certain lines as defined by the Canadian, Mexican, and US governments, but it is also confined by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (physical characteristics)
- uniform region
- **HINT: government people wear uniforms
tame animals and adapt crops for the purpose of cultivation
belief that spirits or forces may live in animals, objects, or dreams
- **HINT: animism, spirits live in animals...
thick sheet of ice that covered parts of the earth during the Ice Age
person who moves from place to place in search of food, often viewed as "uncivilized"
a human-like primate
- **HINT: homo-Latin for "human"
a young female skeleton, estimated at about 3.2 million years old and about 3 ft 6 in (making her just slightly shorter than me) found by Donald Johanson in Ethiopia (Africa)
English paleontoligist couple whose account of fossil discoveries in Tanzania changed theories of human evolution
Louis and Mary Leakey
the time period from about 10,000 to about 3,000 BC, AKA the New Stone Age
- Neolithic Age
- **HINT: neo= from Greek neos, meaning new or fresh
2 million to 10,000 BC, AKA the Old Stone Age
- Paleolithic Age
- **HINT: paleo=Greek for old or ancient
- **HINT: if you're skilled at your art, you're an artisan
political unit made up of a city and surrounding lands
complex, highly organized social order
spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
- cultural diffusion
- **HINT: diffuse=to spread
group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
drawing used to represent words
believing in many gods
- **HINT: poly=Greek for many; theo=Greek for god
in ancient civilizations, specially trained person who knew how to read, write, and keep records
sparse, dry grassland
management of a government by departments run by elected officials
a worker with knowledge/skills in numerous crafts/jobs
characteristics of a civilization
- 1) arts and architecture
- 2) central government
- 3) cities
- 4) complex religions
- 5) job specialization
- 6) public works
- 7) social classes
- 8) writing
- **HINT: remember ACCCJPSW