Bai bao

  1. Former Los Angeles Sheriff Lee Baca
    Former Los Angeles Sheriff Lee Baca has pleaded guilty to federal charges of lying to investigators, the culmination of a years-long investigation into abuses by jailers that ended up focusing on the cover-up and resulted in the indictment of over a dozen officials and deputies.

    The investigation, which put an early end to Baca's career, could end with him spending time in federal prison. Baca is scheduled to be sentenced May 16. According to a plea agreement with federal prosecutors, he could face up to six months in prison. “Today’s charge and plea agreement demonstrate that illegal behavior within the Sheriff’s Department went to the very top of the organization,” United States Attorney Eileen M. Decker said, reading a prepared statement at a press conference Wednesday.

    She added that her office wasn't celebrating: "It is indeed a sad day when a leader of a law enforcement agency fails to honor his oath and instead of upholding justice chooses to obstruct it." Baca is "somber but in a good mood," his attorney, Michael Zwieback said Wednesday."

    He believes this is part of his life's journey and that it's time to put this behind him," Zweiback said and "doesn't want the men and women of the sheriff's department to continue to be under this cloud."

    He said in exchange for the guilty plea, prosecutors agreed not to charge Baca with obstruction of justice, a more serious crime.According to the plea deal, Baca "knowingly and willfully made a material false and fictitious statement and representation" on April 12, 2013 regarding his deputies' dealings with an FBI agent.Sheriff's deputies approached the agent – who was part of a team investigating allegations of inmate abuse in the jails – outside her home and threatened to arrest her. Federal investigators said the interaction was an attempt to intimidate the FBI. According to the court documents, the charges come from Baca's statement to investigators he "was not aware" deputies planned on approaching the agent, and had no knowledge of the exchange until an FBI official called him to complain."In fact," the agreement states, not only did he know it was going to happen, he directed the deputies to "do everything but put handcuffs" on her.Current Sheriff Jim McDonnell, who was traveling out of town Wednesday, issued a statement saying the waves of prosecution of Sheriff's deputies and officials have been "difficult" but that the department remains "focused and committed to moving forward."The prosecution  stems from a long-term federal investigation into civil rights abuses and corruption in the largest county jail system in the country.Federal investigators looking into abuses in the jail smuggled a cellphone into an informant at the jail. When Baca found out about it in August 2011, according to the plea deal, he asked ordered the inmate isolated and asked federal prosecutors to work with him and not the FBI.At the same time prosecutors allege deputies tried to hide the FBI jail informant from his handlers for two weeks by shifting him from cell to cell at various jails under different names and altering jail computer records. The FBI wanted the informant to testify to a grand jury.At least 17 sheriff's officials have been implicated in the FBI's investigation and the plot to obstruct it. Seven other former Sheriff’s officials already have been convicted of participating in the elaborate effort to erase the inmate’s name from computer records and hide him in a remote jail facility in San Dimas. Former Undersheriff Paul Tanaka has been accused of orchestrating the scheme. He is scheduled to go on trial March 22. In a trial of multiple deputies, Tanaka testified for the defense that he was barely involved and was following Baca's orders that he thought were lawful. Baca stepped down as sheriff in 2014 under pressure from the mounting jail scandals. In the past, Baca said any movement of the inmate was take solely to protect him from deputies who might retaliate against him for being an FBI informant. The former sheriff has consistently denied any wrongdoing, until now.Former federal prosecutor Miriam Krinsky, who headed up a county commission tasked with investigating violence in the jails, called the guilty plea a "tragic end to a long career that had so much good associated with it."She said Baca was among the first law enforcement leaders in the United States to acknowledge the country's over-reliance on incarceration."He was very passionate about those issues," she said.Yet that idealism was hard to reconcile with some of the abuses inside Baca's jails."There had been evidence over time of mistreatment of individuals," she said. "I think he simply allowed that misconduct to occur and too often looked the other way or simply delegated leadership to others."Diana Zuniga of Californians United for a Responsible Budget, has raised allegations of violence in the jails for years. She said "on paper" at least, violence inside the jails has gone down since Baca left.But she chided McDonnell for being less accessible to the public and to activists than Baca, who frequently met with critics.Wednesday's plea deal, she said, was a welcome acknowledgement of "lies" that have been perpetuated for years."How many times does law enforcement lie to protect its own?" she asked. "It's not an isolated incident."Krinsky said McDonnell's zero-tolerance policy for lying on the job has been the biggest step aimed at changing the culture of the department.This story has been updated.
  2. inmate
    • inmate
    • /ˈɪn.meɪt/ noun [C]

    Nguoi bi tam than

    a person who is kept in a prison or a hospital for people who are mentally ill
  3. plead
    • plead
    • /pliːd/ verb pleaded or US ALSO pled, pleaded or US ALSO pled
    • REQUEST➲
    • 1. [I] to make an urgent, emotional statement or request for something
    • He was on his knees, pleading for mercy/forgiveness.
    • She appeared on television to plead with the kidnappers.
    • [+ speech] "Give us more time," they pleaded.
    • plead
    • /pliːd/ verb pleaded or US ALSO pled, pleaded or US ALSO pled
    • STATE➲
    • 2. [I L only + adjective T] formal to make a statement of what you believe to be true, especially in support of something or someone or when someone has been accused in a law court
    • legal The defendant pleaded not guilty/innocent to robbery with violence.
    • legal They paid a high-powered attorney to plead their case (= argue for them in court).
    • legal The judge ruled her unfit to plead (= to answer a legal charge) on the grounds of insanity.
    • 3. plead ignorance formal
    • to say that you do not know about something
    • He pleaded ignorance when they found the package in his suitcase.
    • pleading
    • /ˈpliː.dɪŋ/ adjective
    • a pleading tone of voice
    • pleadingly
    • /ˈpliː.dɪŋ.li/ adverb
  4. culminate
    • culminate
    • /ˈkʌl.mɪ.neɪt/ verb

    Ket cuoc, ket thuc

    • culminate in/with sth
    • If an event or series of events culminates in something, it ends with it, having developed until it reaches this point
    • My arguments with the boss got worse and worse, and it all culminated in my deciding to change jobs.
    • Their many years of research have finally culminated in a cure for the disease.
    • culmination
    • /ˌkʌl.mɪˈneɪ.ʃən/ noun [U]
    • Winning first prize was the culmination of years of practice and hard work.
  5. cover-up
    • cover-up
    • /ˈkʌv.ə.rʌp/ (US) /-ɚ.ʌp/ noun [C]

    Che day

    • an attempt to prevent the public discovering information about a serious crime or mistake
    • Allegations of a cover-up of the effects of industrial pollution have been strongly denied by the Environment Minister.
  6. indictment
    • indictment
    • /ɪnˈdaɪt.mənt/ noun

    Ban cao trang

    • 1. [C usually singular] a reason for giving blame
    • This seems to me to be a damning indictment of education policy.
    • 2. [C] legal a formal statement of accusing someone
    • The charges on the indictment include murder and attempted murder.
  7. deputy
    • deputy
    • /ˈdep.jʊ.ti/ (US) /-t ̬i/ noun [C]

    Can bo, quan chuc

    • a person who is given the power to do something instead of another person, or the person whose rank is immediately below that of the leader of an organization
    • I'd like you to meet Ann Gregory, my deputy.
    • I'm acting as deputy while the boss is away.
    • She's deputy (head) of a large North London school.
    • the deputy chairperson/manager/ US sheriff, etc.
  8. plea
    • plea
    • /pliː/ noun [C]

    Tu bao chua truoc toa, tu tuyen

    • REQUEST➲
    • 1. formal an urgent and emotional request
    • He made a plea for help/mercy.
    • plea
    • /pliː/ noun [C]
    • 2. legal the answer that a person gives in court when they have been accused of committing a crime
    • Mr Wilson entered a plea of not guilty.
  9. prosecutor
    • prosecutor
    • /ˈprɒs.ɪ.kjuː.tər/ (US) /ˈprɑː.sɪ.kjuː.t ̬ɚ/ noun [C]

    Cong to vien

    a legal representative who officially accuses someone of committing a crime, especially in a court of law
  10. uphold
    • uphold
    • /ʌpˈhəʊld/ (US) /-ˈhoʊld/ verb [T] upheld, upheld

    Ton trong, thuong ton

    • to defend or keep a principle or law, or to state that a decision which has already been made, especially a legal one, is correct
    • As a police officer you are expected to uphold the law whether you agree with it or not.
    • Judge Davis upheld the county court's decision.
    • upholder
    • /ʌpˈhəʊl.dər/ (US) /-ˈhoʊl.dɚ/ noun [C]
  11. sombre
    • sombre, US somber
    • UK /ˈsɒm.bər/ (US) /ˈsɑːm.bɚ/ adjective

    Nghiem buon

    • 1. serious, sad and without humour or entertainment
    • a sombre atmosphere/voice/face
    • The funeral was a sombre occasion.
    • I left them in a sombre mood.
    • 2. dark and plain
    • He wore a sombre black suit.
    • sombrely , US somberly
    • /ˈsɒm.bə.li/ (US) /ˈsɑːm.bɚ-/ adverb
    • sombreness , US somberness
    • /ˈsɒm.bə.nəs/ (US) /ˈsɑːm.bɚ-/ noun [U]
  12. fictitious
    • fictitious
    • /fɪkˈtɪʃ.əs/ adjective

    Tuong tuong, k that

    • invented and not true or not existing
    • He dismissed recent rumours about his private life as fictitious.
    • Characters in this film are entirely fictitious.
  13. allegation
    • allegation
    • /ˌæl.əˈgeɪ.ʃən/ noun [C] formal

    To cao

    • a statement which has not been proved to be true which says that someone has done something wrong or illegal
    • Several of her patients have made allegations of professional misconduct about/against her.
    • [+ that ] Allegations that Mr Dwight was receiving money from known criminals have caused a scandal.
  14. intimidate
    • intimidate
    • /ɪnˈtɪm.ɪ.deɪt/ verb [T]

    Cuong ep

    • to frighten or threaten someone, usually in order to persuade them to do something that you want them to do
    • They were intimidated into accepting a pay cut by the threat of losing their jobs.
    • intimidation
    • /ɪnˌtɪm.ɪˈdeɪ.ʃən/ noun [U]
    • The campaign of violence and intimidation against them intensifies daily.
  15. handcuffs
    • handcuffs
    • /ˈhænd.kʌfs/ plural noun ( informal cuffs)

    Cong so 8

    • two metal rings joined by a short chain which lock around a prisoner's wrists
    • a pair of handcuffs
    • She was taken to the police station in handcuffs.
  16. amicable
    • amicable
    • /ˈæm.ɪ.kə.bl ̩/ adjective

    Em tham, em dep, on thoa

    • 1. relating to behaviour between people that is pleasant and friendly often despite a difficult situation
    • His manner was perfectly amicable but I felt uncomfortable.
    • 2. relating to an agreement or decision that is achieved without arguments or unpleasantness
    • Few people have amicable divorces.
    • Eventually we reached an amicable settlement.
    • amicably
    • /ˈæm.ɪ.kə.bli/ adverb
    • I hope we can settle this amicably.
  17. stem
    /stem/ verb [T] -mm-

    Ngan chan

    • 1. to stop something unwanted from spreading or increasing
    • These measures are designed to stem the rise of violent crime.
    • We must take action to stem the tide of resignations.
    • 2. to stop the flow of a liquid such as blood
    • She tied a handkerchief around the wound to stem the flow of blood.
    • stem from sth phrasal verb
    • to start or develop as the result of something
    • Her problems stem from her difficult childhood.
    • Their disagreement stemmed from a misunderstanding.
  18. smuggle
    • smuggle
    • /ˈsmʌg.l ̩/ verb [T usually + adverb or preposition]
    • to take things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally
    • She was caught trying to smuggle 26 kilos of heroin out of/into the country.
    • They managed to smuggle a videotape of the captive journalists out of the prison.
    • smuggling
    • /ˈsmʌg.lɪŋ/ noun [U]
    • The murdered man is thought to have been involved in drug smuggling.
  19. informant
    • informant
    • /ɪnˈfɔː.mənt/ (US) /-ˈfɔːr-/ noun [C]

    Dac tinh, tinh bao

    • someone who gives information to another person or organization
    • a police/secret informant
    • Our survey is based on information from over 200 informants.
  20. implicate
    • implicate
    • /ˈɪm.plɪ.keɪt/ verb [T]

    Lien doi, lien can

    • to show that someone is involved in a crime or partly responsible for something bad that has happened
    • Have they any evidence to implicate him in the robbery?
  21. plot
    • plot
    • /plɒt/ (US) /plɑːt/ noun [C]

    Am muu, cot truyen

    • STORY➲
    • 1. the story of a book, film, play, etc
    • The film has a very simple plot.
    • The plots of his books are basically all the same.
    • plot
    • /plɒt/ (US) /plɑːt/ noun [C]
    • 2. a secret plan made by several people to do something that is wrong, harmful or not legal, especially to do damage to a person or a government
    • The plot was discovered before it was carried out.
    • [+ to infinitive] The police have foiled a plot to assassinate the president.
    • plot
    • /plɒt/ (US) /plɑːt/ noun [C]
    • GROUND➲
    • 3. a small piece of land that has been marked or measured for a particular purpose
    • a vegetable plot
    • There are several plots of land for sale.
    • 4. US for ground plan (BUILDING)
    • The plot thickens. humorous
    • said when a situation suddenly becomes more complicated or mysterious
    • "Now there are two men phoning her up all the time." "The plot thickens!"
    • plot
    • /plɒt/ (US) /plɑːt/ verb -tt-
    • MARK➲
    • 1. [T] to mark or draw something on a piece of paper or a map
    • 2. [T] to make marks to show the position, movement or development of something, usually in the form of lines or curves between a series of points on a map or piece of paper
    • Radar operators plotted the course of the incoming missile.
    • We've plotted our projected costs for the coming year, and they show a big increase.
    • plot
    • /plɒt/ (US) /plɑːt/ verb -tt-
    • 3. [I or T] to make a secret plan to do something wrong, harmful or illegal
    • The army is plotting the overthrow of the government.
    • I can't believe that he's plotting against his own father.
    • [+ to infinitive] They're plotting (together) to take over the company.
    • 4. [T] humorous to make a secret plan to do something funny or fun to or for someone
    • [+ to infinitive] They're plotting to play a trick on their brother.
    • He's plotting a surprise party for his wife's birthday.
    • plot
    • /plɒt/ (US) /plɑːt/ verb -tt-
    • STORY➲
    • 5. [T] to write the plot for something
    • So far I've only plotted (out) the story in a rough form.
  22. convict
    • convict
    • /kənˈvɪkt/ verb [T usually passive]

    Bi buoc toi

    • to decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime
    • He has twice been convicted of robbery/arson.
    • Compare acquit
    • convicted
    • /kənˈvɪk.tɪd/ adjective
    • a convicted murderer
    • convict
    • /ˈkɒn.vɪkt/ (US) /ˈkɑːn-/ noun [C]
    • someone who is in prison because they are guilty of a crime
    • an escaped convict
  23. elaborate
    • elaborate
    • /ɪˈlæb.ər.ət/ (US) /-ɚ-/ adjective

    Ti mi, chu dao, ky luong

    • containing a lot of careful detail or many detailed parts
    • You want a plain blouse to go with that skirt - nothing too elaborate.
    • They're making the most elaborate preparations for the wedding.
    • He came out with such an elaborate excuse that I didn't quite believe him.
    • elaborately
    • /ɪˈlæb.ər.ə (US) /-ɚ-/ adverb
    • It was the most elaborately decorated cake - all sugar flowers and bows.
    • elaborate
    • /ɪˈlæb.ə.reɪt/ verb [I] slightly formal
    • to add more information to or explain something that you have said
    • The minister said he was resigning, but refused to elaborate on his reasons for doing so.
    • elaboration
    • /ɪˌlæb.əˈreɪ.ʃən/ noun [C or U]
    • This point needs greater elaboration.
  24. sheriff
    • sheriff
    • /ˈʃer.ɪf/ noun [C]
    • 1. in the US, an official whose job is to be in charge of performing the orders of the law courts and making certain that the laws are obeyed within a particular county
    • 2. in England and Wales, a person who represents the king or queen in a particular county , and whose duties are mainly in official ceremonies
    • 3. the most important judge of a county in Scotland
  25. orchestrate
    • orchestrate
    • /ˈɔː.kɪ.streɪt/ (US) /ˈɔːr-/ verb [T often passive]

    Dan dung, dao dien

    • MUSIC➲
    • 1. to arrange or write a piece of music so that it can be played by an orchestra
    • orchestrate
    • /ˈɔː.kɪ.streɪt/ (US) /ˈɔːr-/ verb [T often passive]
    • ARRANGE➲
    • 2. to arrange something carefully, and sometimes unfairly, so as to achieve a wanted result
    • Their victory was largely a result of their brilliantly orchestrated election campaign.
    • orchestration
    • /ˌɔː.kɪˈstreɪ.ʃən/ (US) /ˌɔːr-/ noun [C or U]
  26. trial
    • trial
    • /traɪəl/ noun

    Phien toa

    • 1. [C or U] the hearing of statements and showing of objects, etc. in a court of law to judge whether a person is guilty of a crime or to decide a case or a legal matter
    • trial proceedings
    • Trial by jury is a fundamental right.
    • It was a very complicated trial that went on for months.
    • She's going on/standing trial for fraud.
    • See also try
    • trial
    • /traɪəl/ noun
    • TEST➲
    • 2. [C or U] a test, usually over a limited period of time, to discover how effective or suitable something or someone is
    • They're doing clinical trials on a new drug.
    • They've employed her for a six-month trial (period).
    • mainly UK You can buy any of their garden equipment on trial/ US usually on a trial basis, and if you don't like it you can give it back.
    • trial
    • /traɪəl/ noun
    • PROBLEM➲
    • 3. [C] a person or thing that is annoying and causes a lot of problems
    • She was a real trial to her parents when she was younger.
    • The book is all about the trials of growing up.
    • trial
    • /traɪəl/ noun
    • 4. [C] Australian a mock (= examination taken at school for practice before a real examination)
    • In Australian schools, trials take place in July.
    • trials and tribulations literary or humorous
    • troubles and events that cause suffering
    • the trials and tribulations of marriage
    • trial
    • /traɪəl/ verb [T] -ll- or -l-
    • to test something in a formal way to discover how effective or suitable it is
    • We're trialing the new drug in several hospitals.
  27. testify
    • testify
    • /ˈtes.tɪ.faɪ/ verb [I or T]

    Khang dinh truoc toa

    • to speak seriously about something, especially in a court of law; to give or provide proof
    • [+ that ] He testified that he had seen the man leaving the building around the time of the murder.
  28. mount
    • mount
    • /maʊnt/ verb
    • 1. [I] to gradually increase, rise, or get bigger
    • The children's excitement is mounting as Christmas gets nearer.
    • mount
    • /maʊnt/ verb
    • GET ON➲
    • 2. [I or T] to get on a horse, bicycle, etc. in order to ride
    • She mounted her horse and rode off.
    • mount
    • /maʊnt/ verb
    • GO UP➲
    • 3. [T] to go up or onto
    • He mounted the platform and began to speak to the assembled crowd.
    • formal Queen Elizabeth II mounted the throne (= became queen) in 1952.
    • mount
    • /maʊnt/ verb
    • 4. [T] to organize and begin an activity or event
    • to mount an attack/campaign/challenge/protest
    • to mount an exhibition/display
    • mount
    • /maʊnt/ verb
    • FIX➲
    • 5. [T] to fix something on a wall, in a frame etc., so that it can be viewed or used
    • The children's work has been mounted on cards and put up on the walls of the classroom.
    • The CCTV camera is mounted above the main door.
    • mount
    • /maʊnt/ verb
    • GUARD➲
    • 6. [T] to place someone on guard
    • Sentries are mounted outside the palace at all times.
    • 7. mount guard (on/over sb)
    • to guard someone
    • Armed security officers are employed to mount guard over the president.
    • mount up phrasal verb
    • to gradually become a large amount
    • It isn't a good idea to let bills mount up.
    • mount
    • /maʊnt/ noun [C]
    • HORSE➲
    • 1. formal a horse
    • an excellent mount for a child
    • mount
    • /maʊnt/ noun [C]
    • 2. something, such as a piece of card, that you put something on to show it
    • I'm looking for a piece of card I can use as a mount for this picture.
  29. retaliate
    • retaliate
    • /rɪˈtæl.i.eɪt/ verb [I]

    Tra dua

    • to hurt someone or do something harmful to them because they have done or said something harmful to you
    • If someone insults you, don't retaliate as it only makes the situation worse.
    • The demonstrators threw rocks at the police, who retaliated by firing blanks into the crowd.
    • The terrorists retaliated against the government with a bomb attack.
    • retaliation
    • /rɪˌtæl.iˈeɪ.ʃən/ noun [U]
    • The bomb attack was in retaliation for the recent arrest of two well-known terrorists.
  30. incarcerate
    • incarcerate
    • /ɪnˈkɑː.sər.eɪt/ (US) /-ˈkɑːr.sə.reɪt/ verb [T]

    Giam giu, cam tu

    • 1. formal to put or keep someone in prison or in a place used as a prison
    • Thousands of dissidents have been interrogated or incarcerated.
    • 2. to keep someone in a closed place and prevent them from leaving it
    • We were incarcerated in that broken elevator for four hours.
    • incarceration
    • /ɪnˌkɑː.sərˈeɪ.ʃən/ (US) /-ˌkɑːr.səˈreɪ-/ noun [U]
  31. reconcile
    • reconcile
    • /ˈrek.ən.saɪl/ verb [T]

    Hoa hop

    • 1. to find a way in which two situations or beliefs that are opposed to each other can agree and exist together
    • It is sometimes difficult to reconcile science and religion.
    • It's difficult to reconcile such different points of view.
    • How can you reconcile your fur coat and/with your love of animals?
    • 2. be reconciled
    • When two people are reconciled they become friendly again after they have argued
    • They were finally reconciled with each other, after not speaking for nearly five years.
    • reconcile yourself to sth phrasal verb
    • to accept a situation or fact although you do not like it
    • She must reconcile herself to the fact that she must do some work if she wants to pass her exams.
  32. chide
    • chide
    • /tʃaɪd/ verb [T] formal

    La mang, mang von

    • to speak to someone severely because they have behaved badly
    • She chided him for his bad manners.
  33. perpetuate
    • perpetuate
    • /pəˈpetʃ.u.eɪt/ (US) /pɚˈpetʃ-/ verb [T] formal

    Keo dai, tiep noi

    • to cause something to continue
    • Increasing the supply of weapons will only perpetuate the violence and anarchy.
    • The aim of the association is to perpetuate the skills of traditional furniture design.
    • perpetuation
    • /pəˌpetʃ.uˈeɪ.ʃən/ (US) /ˌpɚ.petʃ-/ noun [U]
    • The lack of military action from other countries has contributed to the perpetuation of the civil war.
  34. sceptical
    • sceptical, US skeptical
    • UK /ˈskep.tɪ.kəl/ adjective

    Xac tin

    • doubting that something is true or useful
    • Many experts remain sceptical about/of his claims.
    • sceptically , US skeptically
    • /ˈskep.tɪ.kli/ adverb
    • scepticism , US skepticism
    • /ˈskep.tɪ.sɪ.zəm/ noun [U]
    • The company's environmental claims have been greeted/regarded/treated with scepticism by conservationists.
  35. anarchy
    • anarchy
    • /ˈæn.ə.ki/ (US) /-ɚ-/ noun [U]

    Hon loan

    • a situation in which there is no organization and control, especially in society because there is no effective government
    • What we are witnessing is the country's slow slide into anarchy.
    • The country has been in a state of anarchy since the inconclusive election.
    • If the pay deal isn't settled amicably there'll be anarchy in the factories.
  36. indeed
    • indeed
    • /ɪnˈdiːd/ adverb

    That su la

    • 1. really or certainly, often used to emphasize something
    • Indeed, it could be the worst environmental disaster in Western Europe this century.
    • Evidence suggests that errors may indeed be occurring.
    • We live in strange times indeed.
    • mainly UK Many people are very poor indeed.
    • 2. used to express that something is correct
    • "Is this your dog?" "It is indeed."/"Indeed it is."
    • Yes, I did indeed say that.
    • 3. used to add some extra information which develops or supports something you have just said
    • For such creatures, speed is not important - indeed it is counterproductive.
    • I am happy, indeed proud, to be associated with this project.
    • indeed
    • /ɪnˈdiːd/ exclamation
    • used to express surprise, anger, or lack of belief or interest
    • "She said she won't come back until Monday." "Won't she, indeed?"
    • "When will we get a pay rise?" "When indeed?"
  37. Fire blank
    Ban dan cao su vao dam dong
Card Set
Bai bao
Lee Beca