10 Organelles

  1. What is a nucleus?
    The nucleus stores the cell's genetic information in the form of DNA. It also acts like the brain of the cell. It helps control movement, eating, and reproduction. DNA tells the cell what proteins need to be produced. The nucleus is control centre of the cell.
  2. What is a cell wall?
    A Cell Wall is a structural layer that surrounds some types of cells, situated outside the cell membrane.
  3. What is a mitochondria?
    The mitochondria is known as the powerhouse of the cell. They break down nutrients and turn them into energy rich molecules. They are mostly found in Eukaryotic cells.
  4. What is a Ribosome?
    Ribosomes assemble amino acids to create specific proteins. These proteins are essential to carry out cellular activities.
  5. What is an endoplasmic reticulum?
    The endoplasmic reticulum is a membrane system of folded sacs and interconnected channels that serve as a site for protein and lipid synthesis. If Ribosomes are attached to the endoplasmic reticulum is rough, if there’s none it’s therefore smooth.
  6. What is a Golgi Apparatus?
    Sorts and processes proteins. After the proteins travel through the rough endoplasmic reticulum to be synthesized is goes to the Golgi Complex.
  7. What is a Lysosome?
    The function of the Lysosome function is to break down cellular waste and get rid of it. Lysosomes can be found in eukaryotic cells especially animal cells. Contains powerful enzymes that breakdown debris.
  8. What is a Peroxisome?
    Peroxisomes neutralize harmful toxins and carry out lipid metabolism(energy needs and oxidation reactions that break down fatty acids and amino acids.Peroxisomes are found in both plant and animal cells.
  9. What is Chloroplast?
    Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of sun into sugars that can be used by cells. The entire process is called photosynthesis.
  10. What is a Flagella and Cilia?
    moves liquid past the surface of the cell. They are capable of specific types of movements. assist in movements of the cell
  11. What is a Cytoskeleton?
    Helps the cell maintain shape and in cellular movement. Anchors the cell to its neighbours.
  12. What is a vacuole?
    stores water and is particularly big in plant cells The vacuole is often the largest organelle in the cell, and is designed like a water tank. This is so it can hold materials and wastes. The vacuole is helpful for structure and support for the plant
Card Set
10 Organelles
Here are some organelles and their descriptions