CLS00 - Safety

  1. 3 reasons laboratories take safety seriously
    • Morale of team
    • Expense to company
    • Compliance with regulations
  2. OSHA stands for?  What is their standard for BBPs?
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    • Standard Precautions
  3. What are the three mandated controls w/ basic purpose?
    • Engineering: contain the hazard
    • PPE: barrier around worker
    • Work practice: how the task should be performed
  4. 4 ways hospitals prevent nosocomial infections
    • Frequent handwashing
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
    • Flu vaccine
    • No acrylic nails
  5. Exposure control plan vs Infection Control Manual
    • ECP: Employer's written plan in case of exposure
    • ICM: Policies/procedures for how to avoid exposure
  6. Basic responses to exposure (nose/mouth/skin, needlestick/cut, eyes)
    • NMS: wash with lots of water
    • NC: soap and water
    • E: irrigate using eyewash station
    • all are followed by medical evaluation
  7. How do you properly use sharps container?
    • Close and dispose when 3/4 full
    • Label and color code appropriately
  8. CDC data on risk of infection after exposure (HBV, HCV, HIV)
    • HBV: 6-30% (or 0 with vaccine)
    • HCV: 1.8%
    • HIV: 0.3%
  9. What is the summary of standard precautions (4 things)
    • Treat all fluids as infectious
    • Practice standard precautions in all situations with potential for contact
    • Wash hands frequently
    • No personal cell phones in lab
  10. 3 programs for knowledge of chemical hazards in lab
    • California Hazard Communication Program: "right to know"
    • Emergency Preparedness Program:what to do when there IS a spill/release
    • Chemical Hygiene Plan: regulations or SOP
  11. 4 resources for Chemical hazard info
    • Manufacturer's labels
    • Lab-specific procedures
    • Training
    • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
    • *MSDS prepared my mfgr
  12. What is proper labeling of chemicals?
    • Manufacturer's labels: name of chemical, hazards (NFPA diamond), name/address of mfgr
    • Secondary container: name of checmical, hazards (NFPA diamond), name of preparer, date prepared
  13. Describe the NFPA diamond (start at top, clockwise)
    • Flammability: red
    • Reactivity: yellow
    • Special hazards: white, spelled out
    • Health: blue
  14. NFPA means
    National Fire Protection Agency
  15. List 6 work practice controls
    • Do not taste/smell chemicals
    • Do not wear contacts near toxic vapors
    • Pour at counter-height
    • Do not store chemicals up high
    • Do not store incompatibles together
    • Strap compressed gas tanks
  16. What are the specifics to know about disposing of hazardous waste?
    • California Code of Regulations (CCR) Title 22: describes what is/isn't hazardous waste
    • Place in separate safety cans
    • Accumulation date: cradle to grave
    • Container must be labeled w/ contents
  17. AKA Ergonomic-related disorders
    Cumulative Trauma Disorders
  18. Acronym for what to do in case of a fire
    • R: rescue those in immediate danger
    • A: activate fire alarm and report
    • C: confine fire by closing all doors
    • E: extinguish (if possible)
  19. 4 types of extinguishers, type of fire
    • A: paper
    • B: flammable liquids
    • C: electrical
    • Haylon: all-purpose
  20. Fire extinguisher acronym
    • P: pull
    • A: aim
    • S: squeeze
    • S: sweep
  21. Types of latex allergy w/ symptom type.
    • Irritant contact dermatitis: on contact
    • Allergic contact dermatitis: spreads after contact (~poison oak)
    • Latex allergy: severe reaction up to anaphylaxis
  22. alternate to latex
  23. federal law dictates all clinical labs have a ___ license
    CLIA: clinical laboratory improvement amendment
  24. What types of clinical labs don't need to be licensed?
    research, teaching, forensic, veterinary, or government
  25. Who determines test complexity? What are the levels of complexity?
    • FDA
    • waved (simple)
    • Providr performed microscopy procedures (PPMP)
    • moderate complexity 
    • high complexity

    mod/high - inspected every 2 years, must be licensed, complete proficiencies
Card Set
CLS00 - Safety
CLS00 - Safety