GI2- Cattle UGI Dz

  1. Describe cattle dentition from birth to 2 weeks of age.
    4 incisors, 3 pairs of deciduous pre-molars
  2. What is the dental formula for deciduous teeth in cattle?
    2 (0/4 I + 3/3 P)
  3. What are the eruption dates of permanent incisors in a cow?
    • first pair- 18-24 months
    • second pair- 24-30 months
    • third pair- 36 months
    • fourth pair- 42-48 months
  4. What is the dental formula for permanent teeth in cattle?
    2 (0/4 I + 3/3 P + 3/3 M)
  5. What are the eruption dates for molars in a cow?
    • 1st molar- 8 months
    • 2nd molar- 18 months
    • 3rd molar- 24 months
  6. What are clinical signs of disorders of the oral cavity and head? (10)
    respiratory embarrassment, CN deficits, asymmetry, ptyalism, significant pain, apprehension/reluctance, nasal d/c, lacrimation, odor, dyspnea
  7. Describe dyspnea in a cow. (4)
    head and neck extended, mouth open, saliva/foam, depression
  8. Lacrimation accompanies _______________.
    inflammation of the head
  9. What are potential causes of oral/pharyngeal trauma? (3)
    coarse feeds, indiscriminate consumption of FB, improper oral medication (baling gun trauma)
  10. What is the treatment for oropharyngeal trauma? (5)
    ensure patency of the airway, NSAIDs, +/- antibiotics,remove FB if present, correct acid-base disturbance if needed
  11. What is the etiologic agent of lumpy jaw?
    Actinomyces bovis- gram + filamentous
  12. Describe lumpy jaw presentation clinically and the macroscopic pathology of the lesion.
    hard, non-painful swelling of the maxilla, mandible, face, or head; granulomatous inflammation with a central lytic core with marked peripheral bone formation
  13. What are differentials for a hard, non-painful swelling of bone? (4)
    lumpy jaw (actinomyces), fractures, tooth root abscesses, neoplasia
  14. What is the treatment for lumpy jaw? (3)
    [usually does NOT respond to txt] surgical debridement, penicillin, sodium iodide
  15. Describe the clinical presentation of wooden tongue. (4)
    swollen, thick, hard tongue that protrudes from mouth, lacrimation, salivation, fever
  16. What is the etiologic agent of wooden tongue?
    Actinobacillus ligneresii- gram - rod
  17. What is the pathogenesis of wooden tongue?
    caseous, thick-walled abscess in tongue
  18. How do you treat wooden tongue?
    [respond well to txt] Penicillin G, sodium iodide 7-10 days
  19. What do you need to differentiate b/w with ptyalism?
    whether is excess saliva production or inability to swallow
  20. What are causes of excess saliva production? (5)
    dental dz, stomatitis, pharyngitis, FB, choke
  21. What are causes of inability to swallow? (6)
    Listeriosis, botulism, rabies, pseudorabies, meningoencephalitis, slaframine
  22. What is the pathogenesis of necrotic laryngitis?
    upper airway trauma, leading to a primary viral infection--> secondary bacterial infection with F. necrophorum [acute lesions are treatable, chronic lesions cause deformed larynx]
  23. What are causes of obstruction/bloat? (8)
    hypocalcemia/botulism/listeriosis (inability to eructate), change feed too rapidly, vagal indigestion, wooden tongue, pharyngitis/laryngitis, migration of bots, FB, tumors
  24. How do you treat choke/bloat? (2)
    tube the animal, push FB into rumen
  25. What kind of ruminant is megaesophagus most common in?
Card Set
GI2- Cattle UGI Dz
vetmed GI2