Cell organelles

  1. What is the function of the cell wall?
    A cell wall is the layer that surrounds a certain cell, gives the cell a definite shape and structure. And is found in plant cells.
  2. What is the function of the Endoplasmic Reticulum?
    • Smooth ER (SER) acts as a storage organelle
    • Rough ER (RER) was also mentioned in the section on ribosomes and is very important in the synthesis and packaging of proteins
  3. What is the function of the Golgi Complex?
    Prepares and packages proteins, from vesicles to transport proteins out of the cell.
  4. What is the function of the nucleus?
    It controls the heredity characteristics of an organism. DNA tells the cell what proteins need to be produced It is responsible for protein synthesis, cell division, growth and differentiation.
  5. What is the function of Mitochondria?
    The main job of mitochondria is to perform cellular respiration. It takes in nutrients from the cell, breaks it down, and turns it into energy.
  6. What is the function of the cytoskeleton?
    It is the frame that gives shape to a cell, it forms a framework for the movement of organelles around the cytoplasm
  7. What is the function of chloroplasts?
    Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells. The entire process is called photosynthesis and it all depends on the little green chlorophyll molecules in each chloroplast.
  8. What is the function of Peroxisomes?
    heir main function is to break down toxic materials inside of the cell.
  9. What is the function of the Vacuole?
    Membrane-bound liquid filled space found in most cells in variable numbers.
  10. What is the function of Lysosomes?
    The main function of lysosomes is to break down/digest carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.
  11. What is the function of Ribosomes?
    The ribosomes function is to make proteins by joining amino acids together (translating messenger RNA).
  12. What is the function of Flagella and Cilia?
    Their function is to move liquid past the surface of the cell.
Card Set
Cell organelles
Functions of cell organelles