💗 Organelle flash cards 💗

  1. What is the Cell Wall?
    A cell wall is a structural layer that surrounds some types of cells, situated outside the cell membrane. It can be tough, flexible and sometimes rigid and functions to provides cells with structural support and protection and to act as a filtering mechanism. its made of cellulose.
  2. What is the nucleus?
    The prominent structure in the nucleus is the nucleolus. The nucleolus produces ribosomes, which move out of the nucleus and take positions on the rough endoplasmic reticulum where they are critical in protein syntheses. tells the cell what dna need to be produced.it's the control center of the cell. holds the dna. spherical(3d). some cells only have one nucleus some cells have lots of nucleus.
  3. What is he mitochondria?
    The main job of mitochondria is to perform cellular respiration(ATP=adenosine triphosphate). This means it takes in nutrients from the cell, breaks it down, and turns it into energy.
  4. What is the ribosomes function?
    Ribosomes are a cell structure that makes protein. Protein is needed for many cell functions such as repairing damage or directing chemical processes. Ribosomes can be found floating within the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. the ribosome reads the message from RNA as to which protein to make.Cell found in: ribosomes are found in both animal and plant cells.Viewed using which microscope: an electron microscope is used to view ribosomes.
  5. What is the Golgi complex
    The Golgi complex receives proteins and fats from the rough endoplasmic reticulum, it changes them ,sorts and concentrates and finally packs them into sealed droplets called vesicles.Which cell is it found in? The Golgi complex is found in both animal and plant cells.
  6. What is the endoplasmic's function?
    the endoplasmic reticulum is a type of organelle in the cells of eukaryotic organisms that form an interconnected network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs or tube like structures known as cisternae. Involved in the production, processing, transport and storage of materials within the cell. always found located to the side of the nucleus.
  7. What is the function of lysosomes?
    Lysosomes are used to break down waste materials , such as food and other cells that have died, lysosomes are pretty much like the cell's waste disposal system. Lysosomes also contain enzymes which they send to the Golgi apparatus.
  8. What is the function of the cytoskeleton?
    The cytoskeleton provides an important structural framework for: Cell shape.
  9. What is the function of peroxisomes?
    Peroxisomes are specialised organelles contained in eukaryotic cells. Generally their function is to breakdown very long chain fatty acids through a process called beta-oxidation. In animal cells long fatty acids are converted to medium chain fatty acids, which are subsequently shuttled to mitochondria where they are eventually broken down to carbon dioxide and water.
  10. What is the function of chloroplasts?
    Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells.The function of Chloroplasts is to absorb sunlight and use it along with water and carbon dioxide gas to produce food for the plant.
  11. What is the function of the flagella and cilia?
    The function of the Flagella and Cilia is to move liquid past the surface of the cell. This allows single cells, such as sperm, to swim. For cells attached to a tissue, this moves liquid over the surface of the cell.
  12. What is the function of the vacuole?
    Membrane bound liquid filled space found in most cells in variable numbers.Such as a water tank,Can be large in plants ( almost take up all of the cell)
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💗 Organelle flash cards 💗
💗 My flash cards on organelles 💗