Psychology mcat

  1. phrenology
    Franz Gall: brain anatomy related to behavior, intellect and personality (well developed brain pushes out of skull)
  2. extirpation
    pierre flourens: functions of major sections of brain deciphered by ablation (surgically removed)
  3. how parts of society contributes to whole
    functionalism in sociology
  4. functionalism in neuropsychology
    how mental processes help individuals adapt to their environment
  5. william james
    • how the mind functioned in adapting to the environment
    • (functionalism contributor)
  6. john dewey
    organism as a whole as it is functioned to adapt to the environment
  7. paul broca
    functional impairments (specific impairments could be lined with specific brain lesions)
  8. helmholtz
    • speed of a nerve impulse
    • led to transition of psychology into natural sciences field
  9. sir charles sherrington
    inferred the existence of synapses
  10. hindbrain
    • closest to the spinal cord (most primitive)
    • responsible for balance, motor coordination, breathing and digestion (basic functions)
  11. midbrain
    sensorimotor reflexes
  12. forebrain
    complex perceptual, cognitive, and behavior processes (makes humans unique)
  13. cerebellum
    • maintain posture, balance, body movements
    • hindbrain
    • ballerina
  14. medulla oblongata
    • gotta breathe! hindbrain
    • regulates breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure
  15. pons
    • hindbrain
    • sleep pon the bed
    • relays information and sleep regulator
  16. superior colliculus and inferior colliculus
    • superman has superior vision (receives visual sensory input)
    • inferior: receives auditory sensory input 
    • midbrain
  17. dicephalon
    • thalamus and hypothalamus
    • pineal gland posterior pituitary
  18. thalamus
    way station for all the senses but smell (relay station), sorts and transmits impulses
  19. hypothalamus
    • regulation of homeostasis (feeding)
    • emotional experience (flighting)
    • endocrine function (fucking)
    • regulation of autonomic system (fighting)
  20. arrangement of thalamus, hypothalamus and pituitary in brain
    thalamus on top of hypothalamus, which is on top of pituitary
  21. lateral hypothalamus (LH)
    • triggers eating and drinking 
    • damaged (won't eat or drink)
  22. ventromedial hypothalamus
    • satiety center
    • damaged keep eating
  23. anterior hypothalamus
    controls sexual behavior
  24. posterior pituitary
    releases ADH and oxytocin
  25. pineal gland
    • biological rhythms (circadian)
    • melatonin
  26. basal ganglia functions
    • coordinates muscle movement (relay to CNS, smooth movement, steady posture)
    • damaged causes PD, Schizophrenia, and Obessive compulsive disorder
  27. limbic system
    • amygdala (important for emotion and memory)
    • hippocampus (important for memory and learning): hippos are like elephants, and elephants never forget
  28. corpus callosum
    connects left and right hemispheres
  29. cerebral cortex
    perceptual, behavioral, and cognitive processes
  30. ipsilateral
    • on different sides
    • dominant (left brain) has left side hearing
  31. contralateral
    left brain has right side movement
  32. electrode stimulus
    probe on alert patient on specific brain parts and get function (recalling a memory)
  33. EEG
    patient with brain with electrodes to capture global brain activity (type and origin of seizure)
  34. rCBF
    regional blood flow
  35. telecephalon
    basal ganglia, limbic system, cerebral cortex
  36. basal ganglia
    consistent communication with each of the follow regions (spinal cord, PNS, cerebral cortex) for posture, balance and coordinate muscle movement
  37. somatosensory cortex
    receives sensory signal by PNS and process how we should respond (touch, pressure)
  38. motor cortex
    • voluntary, response to stimuli, send signal down spinal cord to peripheral nervous system
    • more receptors (tongues) more space on cortex
Card Set
Psychology mcat