H-Dev Mod1

  1. Development
    pattern of change that begins at conception through life span
  2. Normative Age-Graded Influences
    similar influences for individuals in particular age groups

    biological processes/puberty & menopause

    Sociocultural, environmental processes/beginning formal education/retirement from the workforce
  3. Non-Normative Life Events
    common influences to people of a particular generation, historical circumstances

    • death of a parent when child is young
    • pregnancy in early adolescence
    • fire that destroys home
    • winning the lottery
    • unexpected career opportunity
  4. Development Period
  5. Nature
    biological influence on emotion that comes from development of the brain and limbic system s as well as genetic influences

    Ability to show anger emotions
  6. Nurture
    the influence our environment has on emotional expression

    learned not to act out in anger

  7. Erickson's Stages
    (eight Life Span Stages of Human Development)
    • stage consist of a unique development task 
    • confronts individuals with a crisis that must be resolved

    • 1st-trust vs mistrust  (infant)
    • 2nd-autonomy vs shame    1-3yrs
    • 3rd-their will (initiative vs guilt)  3-5yrs
    • 4th-industry vs inferiority  6yrs
    • 5th-identity vs identity confusion  10-20yrs
    • 6th-intimacy vs isolation   20-30
    • 7th-generativity vs stagnation  40-50
    • 8th-integrity vs despair    60-+
  8. Piaget's Stages
    (four stages) how a child thinks not how much a child knows; determine the childs stage of cognitive development
    • 1st-seeing and hearing (sensorimotor stage)
    • 2nd-words, images and drawing (proportional)
    • 3rd-operation of objects (concrete operational)
    • 4th-more logical and abstract (formal operational stage)
  9. Vygotsky's Socio-Cultural Theory
    emphasizes how culture and social interaction guide cognitive development
  10. Behavioral Theory-Skinner's Operant Conditioning
    the consequences of a behavior produce changes in the probability of the behavior's occurrence
  11. Observational Learning
    people cognitively represent  the behavior of others and sometimes adopt this behavior themselves
  12. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Approach-Identify 5 systems in an example

    Microsystem) and so on (all systems)
    development reflexes the influence of several environmental systems

    • Micro-direct interaction with parents, teachers,    peers
    • Meso-Relation of family exp to school exp to religious - family exp to peer
    • Macro-culture behavior pattern
    • Exo-Mother or child exp at home may be influenced by father exp at work
    • Chrono-Pattern of environmental events and transitions i.e... a divorce
  13. Correlational Studies-What can They tell us
    • how people will behave
    • describe the relationship between two or more events or characteristics
  14. Experimental Studies-Identify independent and dependent variables in an example
  15. Describe Informed Consent
    • all participants must know what their research participation will involve and what risks might develop.
    • Participants must retain the right to withdraw from the study at any time and for any reason.
Card Set
H-Dev Mod1
Life Span/Development