Constitutional Game Quiz

The flashcards below were created by user norggirl on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. americans meant by liberty three things:
    personal independence (property), individual rights, presentation (right to supervice the government)
  2. the central problem of republican theory is
    having enough power for safety while preventing that power from endangering liberty
  3. the term xxx was first used to designate opponents of the crown during the reign of Charles 1.
    country
  4. the minister who effectively ran the English government during the reigns of George 1 and george 2 was
    Robert Walpole.
  5. the reclamation of English lost liberties began with the signing of
    Magna Carta in 1215
  6. The story of liberty lost and regained is called
    the Wig theory of history.
  7. Country republicans were taught by XXX that the people must be vigilant in defense of their liberties.
    Machivaelli
  8. History for country republicans moved xxxx , not along a straight path of progess
    in cycles of growth and decay
  9. the author who for county republicans was the authority on the question of associational size was
    Monesquieu
  10. Representation works better in small republics for two reasons:
    if the representative resemble the people the people are more likely to rust them and thus will be more wiling to obey the laws enacted
  11. One sure measure of liberty’s demise is
    the presence of a standing army in times of peace
  12. Court republicans would guard liberty through XXX rather than through the civic virtue of a vigilant populace.
    separation of powers in a complex government
  13. Besides government, Madison argued, another source of oppression is
    majority rule.
  14. Madison thought that the solution to majority tyranny lay in_______ can provide.
    the multiplication of factions enlarging the country can provide
  15. Madison conceived that role of government as
    that of an honest broker or neutral umpire.
  16. Following Yorktown and the treaty of Paris, the last british forces left _____ in December 1783
    New York
  17. the british representative at the peace talks in Paris was ?
    Richard Oswald
  18. Under the Treaty of Paris, America's western boundary was?
    the mississippi river
  19. ___were the hardest hit by the recession that followed independence
    Bostonians
  20. Congress raised revenues by requisitioning contributions from the states, borrowing from foreigners and _________
    printing notes. in the hope people would circulate it as money
  21. Congress moved from Philadelphia eventually to New York because?
    militiament in penn were demanding payment
  22. The spanish Ambassador responsible for negotiating a trade agreement with the Congess was _____; his american counterpart, secretary of Foreign Affairs was_______
    Don Diego de Gardoqui and John Jay
  23. The executive body (more or less) of the congress under the articles of confederation was called the ?
    Continental Congress/ the committee of states
  24. New England land speculators in the Northwest territories were organized as the ?
    Ohio Company
  25. The country's first superintendent of Finance under the Articles of Confederation was?
    Robert Morris
  26. The _____ adopted unicameralism in imitation of the Penn constitution of 1776
    french revolutionaries
  27. The advisory body that constrained and encumbered the Virginia governor was called the?
    Council of state
  28. The Massachusetts legislature was called the
    general court
  29. The three vices which james madison charged against the state governments (in his essay "vice of the Political System of the United States") were:
    • 1) multiplicity of laws
    • 2)mutability of laws
    • 3)injustice of laws
  30. the event in Massachusettes which convinced many of the need for a constitutional convention was
    Shay's Rebellion
  31. Two important people who dissented from the building belief that anarchy threatened the country were ?
    Ben Franklin and Thomas Jefferson
  32. For John Locke, supremacy belongs to the ________, while sovereignty belongs to ______
    Legislative power, the people
  33. Locke calls the power of war and peace the____
    federative
  34. Sparta retained her liberty longer than other republics because?
    She continued to have the same size of territory after all her wars.
  35. An empire, says Montesquieu, is too big to rule monarchically. An example he gives of a ruler who divided his empire is ______. two examples given of rulers whose empires were divided after their deaths are_____.
    charlemagne, alexander and attila
  36. The______, says Montesquieu, is the means by which small states can defend themselves.
    assembly of societies
  37. Montesquieu claims that every government has a distinctive objective in addition to preservation. Public tranquility is the objective that defines________.
    China
  38. The people's share in government should, according to Montesquieu, be confined to____
    choosing their representative
  39. James Harrington is faulted for building in his________ a _______(i.e., imaginary liberty) when he could have build a __________ (i.e., real liberty using materials from the British constitution)
    nature of real liberty, chalcedon, byzantium
  40. Because "the legislative power is naturally and necessarily sovereign and supreme over the executive," the latter, in order to defend itself, must be given:
    an essential branch over the legislislature
  41. The form of government likely to rise up in consequence of progress in arts, sciences and commerce is __________
    an aristocracy
  42. the greek historian who first spoke of mixed government was________
    Herodotus
  43. In ______, no man will labor for himself when he can get others to labor for him.
    a warm climate
  44. adams uses the expression_____ to identify that proportion of society set apart by talent, death, and birth.
    natural aristocracy
  45. Because "the legislative power is naturally and necessarily sovereign and supreme over the executive," the later, in order to defend itself, must be given.
  46. there are two ways to control parties, says adams, by ________________ or by__________
    a monarchy and standing army or by a balance in the constitution
  47. Failure to defend the minority by checks and balances means that  _________ must be given to the minority
    a veto
  48. Madison defines faction as a number of citizen acting in a manner adverse to___________ or to_________
    the rights of other citizens or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community
  49. Madison identifies two ways of curing factions:______________
    removing its causes and by controlling its effects
  50. Says Madison: Liberty is to faction what ____________
    air is to fire
  51. Masison contends that the most common source of faction is_________
    the various and unequal distribution of property
  52. Madison defines a pure democracy as ___________. He d defines a republic as a popular government in which the system of __________is in place
    a society consisting of a small number of citizens who assemble and administer the government in person. representation
  53. Reflecting on the principle of separation of powers in Federalist #51, Madison argues that the surest way to guarantee the independence of the several branches of government is
    each department have a will of its won and members should have as little agency as possible in the picking of members of the others.
  54. According to madison, minority faction is solved by the _____
    republican principle (voting) which enables the majority to defeat its sinister view by regular vote!
  55. Given the fact, says Madison, that governments are not for angles but for men, and are not run by angels but by men, the difficulty lies in this:
    you must first enable the government to control the governed and oblige it to control itself.
  56. _________is what distinguishes a free government from an arbitatry government
    people give their assent to the laws
  57. in a republic the manners, sentiments, and interests of the people should be_______
    similar
  58. Despotisms and monarchies use________ to enforce the laws
    standing armies
Author
ID
315235
Card Set
Constitutional Game Quiz
Description
Constitutional Game Quiz
Updated
Show Answers