Personality of Psych 201 Quiz 1

  1. What is personality?
    Everybody has things about themselves that makes them different and similar to other people

    Traits people share or do not share with other people
  2. What does personality try to explain?
    why people are different and similar from one another
  3. Does everyone have something in common with all people?
  4. What is a personologist?
    • someone who studies personality
    • They find the characteristics you find in the human species
  5. What does a personologist study?(3 things)
    • 1. study introvert and extrovert
    • 2. if you are born that way, through social learning
    • 3. the level of introvert or extrovert
  6. Who was the first person that studied personality?
    Gordon Allport
  7. What are the two approaches of studying personality Gordon Allport came up with?
    • 1. Idiographic 
    • 2. Nomothetic
  8. What is the idiographic approach?
    views that everyone is unique
  9. What is a way of studying in the idiographic approach?
    • looking at the biography/autobiography of an individual
    • no one will have the same
  10. What is the problem with the idiographic approach?
    it cannot be employed scientifically because it is too detailed and preoccupied
  11. What is the nomothetic approach?
    • they believe that people should be put into groups, categories
    • Not focused on the individual self
  12. Another name for the nomothetic approach is?
    the scientific approach
  13. What does the nomothetic approach find?
  14. What tests determine your level of conscientiousness?
    Integrity tests
  15. What is an integrity test?
    • taking a test on your thoughts of certain situations
    • based on integrity, honesty
    • mostly given by jobs
  16. Most contemporary psychologists who identify themselves as personologists believe that?
    the field of personality should viewed and studied as a scientific discipline
  17. What is instinctive behavior?
    • response that has been programmed into the species biologically 
    • stimulus triggering a response
  18. What did John Locke believe about people?
    • when people were born they were a tabula rasa=blank slate
    • environment will define who you are
  19. What does tabula rasa mean?
    blank slate
  20. Behaviorist agree with whose belief of people?
    John Locke
  21. What is an interactionist?
    • they believe that heredity and the environment play a part in making someones personality 
    • mostly social interaction
  22. What are the five things theories should be?
    • 1. comprehensive
    • 2. parisimonious 
    • 3. Empirical translatability
    • 4. empirical testability
    • 5. empirical validity
  23. what is meant by a theory being comprehensive?
    a theory that explains everything that is relevant with respect to the phenomenon under study, all aspects of human behavior
  24. What is meant by a theory being parisomonious?
    the theory is simple
  25. what is the law of parsimony?
    in science is that if two or more competing but equally powerful explanations are available for a phenomenon, the preferred explanation is the simplest one, least complex
  26. What is meant with a theory being empirical translatable?
    means that one should be able to specify means by which to operationally define the constructs identified within the framework of the theory

    one should be able to measure the concepts identified in the theory, so that others can be able to measure it 

    be testable and measurable
  27. what theory lacks empirical translatability?
    the psychoanalytic theory
  28. What is meant by a theory being empirical testability?
    a theory should make specific predictions that can be evaluated by anyone who is trained in the discipline
  29. What is meant by a theory being empirical validity?
    means that a theory has been demonstrated to be correct
  30. what is monozygotic?
    identical twins
  31. what is dizygotic?
    fraternal twins
  32. what is the difference between shared environment and nonshared environment?
    in shared both individuals are exposed to the same conditions as in same household. nonshared one being exposed to aggression by parents
  33. what is concordance?
    agreement and consistency
  34. what is discordance?
    disagreement not consistent
  35. what is eugenics?
    selective breeding
  36. what is zenophobia?
    having a fear of people different from you (happens with eugenics)
  37. Who was sir francis gordon?
    first to suggest the lexical method
  38. what is taxonomy?
    • classifying and categorizing traits of personality
    • nomathetic approach
Card Set
Personality of Psych 201 Quiz 1
Psychology 201