Oral Pathology Final

  1. The increase in size of tissue due to hyperplasia is caused by?
    Increase in the number of cells
  2. Which condition results from excessive keratinization of filiform papillae, giving the tongue a fuzzy appearance?
    Hairy tongue
  3. Target lesions are associated with?
    Erythema Multiforme
  4. Steven's Johnson Syndrome is a severe form of?
    Erythema Multiforme
  5. The antigen-antibody complex that forms in circulation and is collected in the joints and kidneys resulting in localized inflammation, is an example of?
    Type III hypersensitivity reaction
  6. The system of plasma proteins activated during inflammation that mediates inflammation by causing increased dilation of the blood vessels at the injury site and increasing the permeability of local blood vessels, is referred to as?
    Kinin system
  7. A papule is which of the following?
    A small, <1 cm in diameter, raised lesion
  8. What is an example of active, natural immunity?
    Getting the flu
  9. Aphthous ulcers are caused by?
    An unknown etiology
  10. What is an example of passive, acquired immunity?
    Immunoglobulin booster
  11. What is NOT a cardinal sign of inflammation?
  12. Which cell is associated with cell-mediated immune response?
    T lymphocytes
  13. Macrophages are involved in the immune response to an antigen by?
    Phagocytosis of foreign substances
  14. What is an example of active, artificial immunity?
  15. The movement of white blood cells into the tissue is called?
  16. Resorption of the tooth in which the cause cannot be identified, is referred to as?
  17. A differential diagnosis of an ulcer in the mouth could include all of the following except?
    • Mucocele
    • Other choices were erythema multiforme, trauma and herpes
  18. Delayed (type IV hypersensitivity) is caused by?
    Cell-mediated system
  19. Minor aphthous ulcers are most commonly found on?
    Mucosa of the vestibule
  20. What term refers to clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands found in the oral cavity?
    Fordyce granules
  21. The antibody involved in the primary response to neutralizing foreign antigen is?
  22. A surgeon makes a neat incision and later sutures the site. This is healing by?
    Primary intention
  23. A localized reaction of skin exposed to poison ivy is a contact dermatitis caused by?
    Type IV hypersensitivity reaction
  24. Which lesion would require a microscopic diagnosis (biopsy) to make a definitive diagnosis?
    Giant cell granuloma
  25. Is anaphylaxis caused by the cell-mediated response?
  26. A mucocele-like lesion that occurs unilaterally on the floor of the mouth and is associated with the sublingual ducts is called?
  27. The red patches of geographic tongue are due to?
    Areas of denuded papilla
  28. Leukocytosis is?
    Increased white blood cell count
  29. The loss of tooth structure caused by chemical action is?
  30. Is a pyogenic granuloma pus producing?
  31. The papules and central depression of stomatitis nicotina correspond to?
    Salivary ducts
  32. Is linea alba a hyperkeratosis?
  33. Systemic signs of acute inflammation involve what?
    • Leukocytosis
    • Lymphadenopathy
    • Fever
  34. Angioedema is treated by?
  35. An asymptomatic, radiopaque lesion located near the apexes of teeth and thought to be a reaction to a low grade infection is referred to as?
    Condensing osteitis
  36. The danger of anaphylaxis is the histamine release causing the bronchiole muscles to?
  37. Which of the following terms describes tissue that is "wrinkled" in appearance?
  38. An antifungal cream is placed on a suspected fungal infection. This treatment applies to which diagnostic process?
  39. The immune system defends the body against foreign substances that are called?
  40. A pedunculated lesion
    Has a stem or trunk-like base
  41. What chronic, autoimmune sundrome is most prevalent in individuals of Mediterranean or Asian heritage and is characterized by oral and genital ulcers and ocular inflammation, resulting in phonophobia and conjunctivitis?
    Behcet Syndrome
  42. A macule is what?
    A pigmented lesion (freckle)
  43. A young adult who has recently developed a localized lesion diagnosed as histiocytosis X, is most likely to have which subtype?
    Eosinophilic Granuloma
  44. The antibody secreted in saliva and tears?
  45. Are plasma cells associated with the humoral immune response?
  46. Lupus is an autoimmune disease with the classic lesion of?
    Butterfly rash on the bridge of the nose
  47. Is Sjorgen's Syndrome an autoimmune diseases?
  48. Directed movement of WBCs to the affected or injured area is called?
  49. Neurophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes are most dominant in?
    Acute inflammation
  50. Which entity is NOT classically part of Reiter's Syndrome?
  51. What permanent tissue type do odontoblasts produce?
  52. What is the term for an enamel organ that invaginates into the crow prior to mineralization,usually occurring in an anterior tooth?
    Dens in dente
  53. Which type of benign cyst is usually found in other parts of the body, but if found in the oral cavity is usually in the floor of the mouth and can displace the tongue? This cyst is associated with another type of cyst that has teeth, bone, muscle and nerve tissue.
    Dermoid cyst
  54. Which of the following are not characteristics of a melanoma?
    • Uniform color
    • Asymmetry
    • Irregular borders
    • Varied color
  55. A neoplasm with poorly differentiated, pleomorphic and hyperchromatic cells is more than likely?
  56. What type of benign cyst has the following characteristics: a frequent recurrence, is locally invasive, has a unique histologic appearance of epithelium lined with parakeratin, able to resorb and move teeth, and requires surgical excision?
    Odontogenic keratocyst
  57. What structure shapes and forms the roots of primary and permanent teeth?
    Hertwig's epithelial root sheeth
  58. Which is a malignancy of connective tissue?
  59. What term describes incomplete or defective enamel formation as a result of various developmental and environmental factors?
    Enamel hypoplasia
  60. What is a leiomyoma?
    A benign tumor of smooth muscle
  61. Benign neoplasm
    • Does not spread to other parts of the body
    • Shows uncontrolled growth
    • Abnormality of cell involvement
  62. What term refers to an ectopic mass of thyroid tissue located on the dorsum of the tongue?
    Lingual thyroid
  63. The characteristic radiographic appearance seen in Paget's Disease is referred to as?
    "Cotton wool" appearance
  64. The study of tumors is called?
  65. Which type of cyst develops in the place of a tooth from the degeneration of the enamel organ, is a well-defined radiolucency with no tooth present in the cyst?
    Primordial cyst
  66. What describes a development problem of one or more teeth, which have a marked reduction in radiodensity, a characteristic ghost-like appearance, and very thin enamel and dentin?
  67. What is a tumor of nerve tissue?
  68. The radiographic appearance of a multiple myeloma shows?
    Multiple lucencies
  69. What brachial arch forms the maxillary and mandibular processes?
  70. What antibiotic is associated with the development of mile to often severe intrinsic staining of permanent dentition, if ingested during odontogensis?
  71. Is epithelial dysplasia a pre-malignant condition?
  72. What is a salivary tumor?
  73. The most common radiographic appearance of fibrous dysplasia is?
    "Ground glass" appearance
  74. Squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant tumor of?
    Epithelial cells
  75. What test is helpful in diagnosing Paget's Disease?
    Serum alkaline phosphatase
  76. Is Basel cell carcinoma found mostly in the oral cavity?
  77. A neoplasm is?
    A mass of new growth
  78. What term applies to a single tooth germ that attempts to divide forming two crowns with one root, often having a notice present on the crown?
  79. What is the radiographic appearance of a ameloblastoma?
    Multilocular and honey-combed
  80. The term "cementoma" is also known as?
    Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia
  81. A benign cementoblastoma
    Has a well-defined radiopaque mass that is in continuity with the root(s) of the affected vital tooth, showing a resorbed apex
  82. Concrescence describes
    Fusion of tooth roots
  83. A hemangioma is?
    A tumor of capillaries
  84. What term describes a deciduous tooth or teeth in which the bone is fused to the cementum and dentin, preventing exfoliation?
    Ankylosed tooth
  85. Most benign tumors are treated by?
    Surgical excision
  86. A multiple myeloma is a tumor of which type of cells?
    Plasma cells
  87. Which term refers to the origin and tissue formation of teeth?
  88. What cyst is NOT associated with a vital tooth?
    Radicular cyst
  89. Melanocytic nevus is a tumor of?
  90. The enamel pearl develops from displacement of what type of tissue in an abnormal location during tooth development?
  91. When a tumor is termed malignant, metastasis is likely to occur. Which structure of the oral mucous membrane or skin is penetrated by the dysplastic and malignant cancer cells in a true malignancy?
    Basement membrane
  92. What are associated with Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
    • Smoking
    • Smokeless tobacco
    • Alcohol use
  93. A lipoma is a benign tumor of which type of tissue?
    Fat tissue
  94. In which week does odontogenesis take place?
  95. What is the characteristic name for the anterior and posterior teeth that are affected during development as a result of Syphilis infection?
    Hutchinson's Incisors and Mulberry Molars
  96. An odontoma consists of?
    • Enamel
    • Dentin
    • Cementum
  97. Which teeth are most often congenitally missing?
    Third molars
  98. By what week of life does invagination of the ectoderm forming the oral cavity or the Stomodeum take place?
    Third week
  99. What condition is associated with cafe au lait spots?
    Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia
  100. Which type of cyst always develops between the maxillary canine and lateral incisor, is well-defined and has a unique, pear-shaped appearance?
    Globulomaxillary cyst
Card Set
Oral Pathology Final
Cards based on test questions for oral pathology, Winter 2016, LCC,