Taylor Ch. 2

  1. Nursing theorist whose central theme is the emphasis on the ill person in the healthcare setting.
    Myra E. Levine
  2. Nursing theorist who is known for her theory focus of the individual client being central to the discipline of nursing.
    Martha Rogers
  3. Nursing theorist whose central theme is that self-care is a human need, and that self-care deficits require nursing actions.
    Dorothea Orem
  4. Founder of modern nursing, theorist with central theme of meeting of person needs with the environment.
    Florence Nightingale
  5. PICO format. 
    P stands for 
    I stands for
    C stands for 
    O stands for
    • P- Patient, population or problem of interest.
    • I- intervention of interest.
    • C- comparison of interest.
    • O- outcome of interest.
  6. Steps for implementing evidence-based practice.
    • Design a question related to a clinical are of interest. 
    • Collect the most relevant and best evidence available. 
    • Critically evaluate the collected evidence. 
    • Integrate the evidence with clinical expertise, client preferences, and values. 
    • Evaluate the decision or change.
  7. _____ reasoning is derived from consideration of specific properties to draw conclusions about a general idea.
    Inductive reasoning
  8. ______ reasoning involves looking at an idea as a whole and then considering more specific ideas.
    Deductive reasoning
  9. A group of concepts and the relationships among them.
  10. Abstract ideas or objects and their relationships to one another.
  11. Theory concerned with growth and development across the lifespan.
    Developmental theory
  12. AACN PEARL is an acronym for.....
    Practice, Evidence, Application, Resources, and Leadership.
  13. Knowledge that comes from an expert or someone who has perceived experience.
    Authoritative knowledge
  14. Knowledge that is passed from one generation to another.
    Traditional knowledge
  15. Knowledge provided by way of the scientific method.
    Scientific knowledge
  16. Theory that emphasizes relationships between the whole and the parts and describes how parts function and behave.
    The general systems theory
  17. Research that examines the cause-and-effect relationships between variables under highly controlled conditions. Often occur in a laboratory setting.
    Experimental research
  18. Research that explores and describes events in a real-life situation to identify relationships between, and among events.
    Descriptive research
  19. Research that examines the type and degree of relationships between tow or more variables.
    Correlational research
  20. Research that examines the cause-and-effect relationships between selected variables and is typically situated outside of a laboratory setting.
    Quasi-experimental research
  21. Traslational research that forms the bridge between theory and practice.
    Evidence-based research
  22. Nursing theorist whose work focused on the central theme that humans are biopsychosocial beings existing within an environment. Needs are created within interrelated adaptive modes: physiologic self-concept, role function, and interdependence. When individuals demonstrate ineffective adaptive responses, nursing interventions are required.
    Sister Callista Roy
  23. Nursing theorist whose work focused on caring as the central theme of nursing care, nursing knowledge, and nursing practice. Caring improves human conditions and life processes.
    Madeline leininger
  24. Nursing theorist whose work focused on the central theme that the client is a personal system within a social system; the nurse and the client experience each other and the situation, act and react, and transact.
    Imogene M. King
  25. Nursing theorist who is known for her focus on caring. The central them of her work is that nursing is concerned with promoting and restoring health, preventing illness, and caring for the sick.
    Jean Watson
  26. Type of qualitative research that attempts to understand individuals experiences and the meanings they assign to these.
  27. Research that is undertaken within a specific culture, such as that of homeless, intravenous drug users, is characteristic of _____.
  28. Examining the significance of past events, such as war, is associated with _______ research.
    Historical qualitative research
  29. Processes such as coping are the most common focuses of ______ theory.
    Grounded theory
Card Set
Taylor Ch. 2
Taylor chapter 2