Physio quiz 1

  1. what are the criteria to define the living organism?
    • movement: locomotion; response to stimuli 
    • metabolism: uses of oxygen; uses of energy
    • reproduction: sexual reproduction 
    • growth: asexual (simple organism; growth & repair); sexual (complex organism; making new organisms)
    • adaptation: environmental changes; must be able to adapt
    • evolution: the hardest member will survive
  2. who is the "father of medicine"?
  3. Imhotep
    • philosopher and poet
    • looked as a “god” by others
    • discovered many skin & GI
    • “eat, drink, and be merry…”
  4. Aristotle
    • father of physio
    • believed life is controlled by the stars
    • first to sketch anatomy
  5. Galen
    • dissection of humans, monkey & apes
    • introduce concept of vitalism
    • influenced humanism concept
    • described how blood flows through heart
    • described pulmonary circulation
  7. Leeuwenhoek
    maker of microscope (single lens)
  8. Leonardo da Vinci
    • shows position of fetus in situ
    • pictionally documents action of oxytocin in females
    • did extensive dissections on human cadavers
  9. Tintoretto
    • origin of milky way
    • demonstrated oxytocin & “milk let down"
  10. Vesalius
    • defined Galen’s postulates
    • first to show female orgin
  11. Harvey
    • demonstrated one way flow of blood, but established a firm basis of circulation occurring in closed vessel 
    • finger pressure (blood is a one way flow)
  12. Jenner
    small pox vaccine
  13. Beaumont
    • father of GI physio
    • work with gastric digestions of food
    • tx pt with large fistula from war wounds
  14. Pavlov
    • Gi, cardiology, neurology, psychology, gynecology specialist
    • GI study using dogs, “Pavlov's Dog)
  15. Darwin
    evolution theory
  16. Bernard
    • cell biologist 
    • did “blind” observations
  17. Starling
    • developed fluid shifts across capillaries
    • developed “Frank-Starling” law of the heart
    • discovered peristalsis
    • discovered hormones 
    • discovered DCT in kidney and its role in fluid shifts
  18. Cannon
    • “fight or flight”
    • response = epinephrine
  19. Banting
    discovered insulin
  20. Salk
    discover polio vaccine in 1955
  21. Selye
    studied stress
  22. Paola Timiros
    studied stress and aging
  23. Stanley Prusiner, MD
    • neurodegenerative dx (Alzheimer's, parkinson, etc)
    • described Prions (infectious protein)
  24. Mary Lyon
    • X chromosomes varies in appearance 
    • proposed only one chromosome remains inactive
  25. what is homeostasis?
    • regulation of body’s internal environment
    • keeping internal environment stable
Card Set
Physio quiz 1
physio quiz 1