1. Arachnoid
    Stabilize and support brain
  2. Choroid Plexus
    Creates CSF
  3. Dura Mater
    Stabilize and support brain
  4. Dural Sinuses
    Drain blood and CSF from around the brain
  5. Epidural Space
    Cushions the brain
  6. Falx Cerebri
    Stabilize and support the brain
  7. Hypophysis (Pituitary Gland)
    Produces regulatory hormones
  8. Pia Mater
    Stabilize and support the brain
  9. Subarachnoid Space
    Circulation of CSF
  10. Subdural Space
    Space between arachnoid and dura mater
  11. Tentorium Cerebelli
    Stabilize and support the brain
  12. Corpus Callosum
    Integrate motor, sensory, and cognitive performances between the cerebral cortex on one side of the brain to the same region on the other side
  13. Fornix
    Carries signals from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies
  14. Frontal Lobe
    Carries out higher mental processes such as thinking, decision making, and planning
  15. Occipital Lobe
    Visual processing center
  16. Parietal Lobe
    Sensory perception and input
  17. Temporal Lobe
    Involved in primary auditory perception, such as hearing, and holds the primary auditory cortex
  18. Insula
    Helps to regulate emotion and works to assist in motor control function
  19. Olfactory Bulb and Tract
    • Olfactory Bulb: Sense of smell or odor 
    • Tract: Connect the olfactory bulb with olfactory nuclei and the primary olfactory areas of the ventral endbrain
  20. Septum Pellucidum
    Double membrane separating the anterior horns of the left and right lateral ventricles of the brain
  21. Precentral Gyrus
    Primary motor cortex
  22. Postcentral Gyrus
    Primary sensory cortex
  23. Superior Temporal Gyrus
    Receives information for sound and is involved in auditory perception
  24. White Matter
    • Dense concentration of neuron fibers (axons)
    • Neuroglial support and covering cells
    • Oligodendrocytes which form myelin and give it the white appearance
  25. Gray Matter
    • Neuron cell bodies
    • Unmyelinated fibers
    • Surrounds central canals
  26. Cerebellum
    Facilitates coordinated movements
  27. Arbor Vitae
    Connects cerebellar cortex and nuclei with cerebellar peduncles
  28. Cerebellar Cortex
    Involuntary coordination  and control of ongoing body movements
  29. Fourth Ventricle
    CSF circulation
  30. Diencephalon
    Integrates sensory information with motor output at the subconscious level
  31. Anterior and Posterior Commissure
    Connects the two cerebral hemispheres across the midline
  32. Infundibulum
    Connects to the pituitary gland
  33. Hypothalamus
    Secretion of hormones
  34. Thalamus
    Correlates several important processes, including consciousness, sleep, and sensory interpretation
  35. Interventricular Foramen
    CSF circulation
  36. Mamillary Bodies
    Responses to smell
  37. Optic Chiasma
    Where the left and right optic nerves intersect
  38. Optic Nerve (II)
    Transfers visual information from the retina to the vision centers of the brain via electrical impulses
  39. Optic Tract
    Continuation of the optic nerve that relays visual information
  40. Pineal Body
    Secretion of hormones
  41. Massa Intermedia
    • Relays sensory and motor signals to the cerebral cortex
    • The regulation of consciousness, sleep, and alertness
  42. Third Ventricle
    CSF circulation
  43. Mesencephalon
  44. Cerebral Aqueduct
    CSF circulation
  45. Cerebral Peduncle
    Refines motor movements
  46. Oculomotor Nerve (III)
    Controls most of the eyes movement
  47. Trochlear Nerve (IV)
    Downward, internal rotation of the eye
  48. Inferior Calliculus
    Auditory reflex
  49. Superior Calliculus
    Visual reflex
  50. Tectum
    • The plate on which the corpora quadrigemina sits on
    • CSF circulation
  51. Pons
    Process and relay info to and from cerebellum
  52. Abducens Nerve (VI)
    Responsible for hearing and balance
  53. Trigeminal Nerve (V)
    Contains motor fibers that stimulate chewing muscles
  54. Vestibulocochlear Nerve (VIII)
    Responsible for hearing and balance (equilibrium)
  55. Medulla Oblongata
    Controls and regulates respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure
  56. Glossopharyngeal Nerve (IX)
    Contains receptors for blood pressure, pH, oxygen, and carbon dioxide concentrations
  57. Vagus Nerve (X)
    Commands unconscious body procedures
  58. Spinal Accessory Nerve (XI)
    Controls movement of certain neck muscles
  59. Hypoglossal Nerve (XII)
    Controls movement of the tongue
  60. Pyramids
    Voluntary motor fibers cross here
  61. Olfactory Nerve (I)
    Relays sensory data to the brain
  62. Facial Nerve (VII)
    Motor control of facial expressions
  63. Lateral Ventricle
    CSF circulation
Card Set
Functions of the brain