GY 105 Chapter 2 Vocab

  1. Adiabatic lapse rate
    rate of cooling with increasing altitude within the lower atmosphere
  2. Anthropogenic
    an adjective for human caused change to a natural system, such as the atmospheric emissions from cars, industry, and agriculture that are causing global warming
  3. Bioregion
    an assemblage of local plants and animals
  4. boreal
    a coniferous forest found in a high-latitude or mountainous environment in the Northern Hemisphere
  5. Carbon inequity
    developed countries should take the lead in reducing their GHG emissions before asking developing countries to take steps that could hinder their economic development
  6. Climograph
    graphic representations of monthly average high and low temperatures, along with monthly precipitation (rain and snow) amounts for a specific location
  7. Colliding plate boundary
    a tectonic boundary where two different tectonic plates are moving against each other
  8. Continentality
    inland climates with hot summer and cold, snowy winters
  9. Deciduous
    trees that shed their leaves during the harsh dry season in order to slow or completely halt growth
  10. Desertification
    creating of truly arid desert lands in what were formerly grasslands
  11. Divergent plate boundaries
    when tectonic plates move away from each other in opposite directions
  12. Global warming
    an increase in Earth’s average atmosphere temperature
  13. Greenhouse effect
    the national process of lower atmospheric heating that results from the trapping of incoming and reradiated solar energy by water moisture, clouds, and other atmospheric gases
  14. Insolation
    incoming short-wave solar energy
  15. Maritime climates
    climates that are close to the ocean with moderate temperatures in both summer and winter
  16. Orographic effect
    the influence of mountains on weather and climate, usually referring to the increase of precipitation on the windward side of mountains, and a drier zone on the leeward or downwind side of the mountain
  17. Plate tectonics
    geophysical theory that Earth is comprised of large geologic platforms, or plates, that move slowly across its surface.
  18. Prairie
    an extensive area of grassland in North America. In the more humid eastern portions, grasses are usually longer than in the drier western areas, which are in the rain shadow of the Rocky Mountain range
  19. Rain shadow
    a drier area of precipitation, usually on the leeward or downwind side of a mountain range, that receives less rain and snowfall than the windward or upwind side. A rain shadow is caused by the warming of air as it descends down a mountain range; this warming increases the ability of an air mass to hold moisture
  20. Steppes
    semiarid grasslands found in many parts of the world. Grasses are usually shorter and less dense in steppes than in prairies
  21. Subduction zone
    when in a collision zones, one tectonic plate sinks below another
  22. taiga
    the vast coniferous forest of Russia that stretches from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean. The main forest species are fir, spruce, and larch.
  23. Tundra
    arctic region with a short growing season in which vegetation is limited to low shrubs, grasses, and flowering herbs
  24. Water stress
    a condition where water availability is less than water demand, either currently or projected for the future
Card Set
GY 105 Chapter 2 Vocab
GY 105 Chapter 2 Vocab